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Environmental Assistance for Small Business. Iowa Waste Reduction Center University of Northern Iowa. Lisa Hurban. Mission. IWRC’s primary mission is to assist Iowa’s small businesses in meeting environmental regulations and implementing pollution prevention. IWRC Services.

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Environmental assistance for small business

Environmental Assistance for Small Business

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

University of Northern Iowa

Lisa Hurban

Iowa Waste Reduction Center



IWRC’s primary mission is to assist Iowa’s small businesses in meeting environmental regulations and implementing pollution prevention

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Iwrc services
IWRC Services

  • On-Site Review (OSR) for waste reduction program and regulatory environmental compliance assistance

  • Iowa Air Emissions Assistance Program (IAEAP)

  • Iowa Waste Exchange (IWE)

  • Small Business Compliance Alliance (SBCA)

  • Small Business Pollution Prevention Center (SBPPC)

  • Spray Technique Analysis and Research for Defense (STAR 4 D)

  • New Environmental Technology for Small Business (NETSB)

  • Website and publications

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Overview of iwrc
Overview of IWRC

  • Inception in 1987-Groundwater Protection Act

  • Free, confidential, non-regulatory environmental and technical assistance for small businesses (less than 200 employees) in Iowa

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

On site review program

On-Site Review Program




Iowa Waste Reduction Center

On site reviews
On-Site Reviews

  • Conducted at the request of the business

  • Informal visit typically requires 1 to 3 hours

  • Report sent to business in approximately 4 weeks

  • Four month follow up

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

During osr
During OSR

  • Evaluate current regulatory compliance and pollution prevention

  • Discuss operations at the facility

  • Facility tour

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Facility tour

RCRA Hazardous Waste

Used Oil/Oily Waste


Storm Water

Air Emissions

Petroleum Product Storage

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)

Universal Waste

Special Waste Authorization

Facility Tour

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

On site review report
On-Site Review Report

  • Provides site specific information

  • Addresses pertinent environmental regulations as they apply to the small business

  • Offers recommendations on

    • Waste Characterization

    • Regulatory Compliance

    • Waste Minimization/Pollution Prevention

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

After the on site review additional assistance
After the On-site Review Additional Assistance

  • Assist with hazardous waste inventory

  • Storm Water permit

    • Storm water pollution prevention plan

  • Air permit

    • Meeting Permit Requirements

    • Emissions Inventory

  • Contingency Plan

  • Emergency Response and Remedial Action Plan

  • Environmental Management System

  • Record Keeping

  • Training

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Accomplishments of basic programs
Accomplishments of Basic Programs

  • Experience with all types of small businesses

  • Conducted over 2,600 on-site reviews

    • Provided on-site assistance in every Iowa county

    • Highest level of on-site services in the nation

    • Model for other state programs

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Iowa air emission assistance program iowa s sbap
Iowa Air Emission Assistance Program- Iowa’s SBAP

  • Provides assistance to small businesses on air emission regulations and permitting requirements

    • Originated with the 1990 CAA Amendments

    • Free and Non regulatory

    • Funded by the IDNR

    • Conduct on-site visits and assist businesses with less than 100 full time employees

    • Assist Non-Major Sources

      • Title V operating permits

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Iaeap services
IAEAP Services

  • Emission inventory development

    • Identify emission sources

    • Operational and design information

    • Actual and potential emissions

  • Permit application assistance

  • Compliance recommendation

    • Permitting requirements

    • Available options

Iowa Waste Reduction Center


  • Has assisted with approximately 1400 air permits, 1,781 total assistance since inception

  • Dry cleaners compliance manual published in 2004

  • Mailings and conducted site visits regarding DNR policy change

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Iowa waste exchange
Iowa Waste Exchange

Helping Iowa Business and Industry Reuse and Recycle

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Iwe goals
IWE Goals

  • Divert waste from Iowa landfills

  • Help manufacturers save money by avoiding disposal costs

  • Get businesses involved in reuse and recycling

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Iwe accomplishments fy05
IWE Accomplishments FY05

  • Matched 466 materials

  • Diverted 74,450 tons of material in

  • Saved businesses $2.5 million in avoidable disposal costs

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Small business compliance alliance sbca
Small Business Compliance Alliance(SBCA)




Iowa Waste Reduction Center


Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Sbca workshop
SBCA Workshop

What: Manufacturing a Better Environment

When: Thursday, September 22, 2005

Where: DMACC Business Resources

2006 South Ankeny Blvd.

Building #18, Room 1

Time: 9:00-12:00

Topics: Training options and lean operations at DMACC, Iowa Waste Exchange, Industrial Maintenance, Safety, IWRC Programs and Environmental Regulations.

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Small business pollution prevention center sbppc
Small Business Pollution Prevention Center (SBPPC)

  • Formed in 1993 by cooperative agreement with EPA

  • Discovers practical pollution prevention solutions for small businesses

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Sbppc new research
SBPPC - New Research

  • Waste Analyses Study of 3 waste streams typical of automobile dealerships

    • Include antifreeze, oil absorbent, and sump sludge

    • Fifty automobile dealerships will participate

    • Samples of each waste stream will be collected from each dealership

    • TCLP analysis will be conducted by a certified laboratory

    • The outcomes are expected to be beneficial to every dealership in Iowa.

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Sbppc historic research
SBPPC – Historic Research

  • Applied research

    • Cost calculators for auto body shops

    • Energy aspects of pollution prevention

    • Build your own solvent filtration kit

    • Ozone parts washer research

  • Education and Training

    • EMS Implementation

      Results and tools available at:

  • http://www.iwrc.org/programs/SBPPC.cfm

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Spray technique analysis and research
Spray Technique Analysis and Research

  • Lunch & Learn - September 20th for painting operations. Northwest Community College,Sheldon, Iowa.

  • NCC provides hands-on training sessions for industrial painters. Contact Steve Youngs at 712-324-5061 to set up a training session.

  • CARSTAR is establishing a STAR training site for autobody shops in Overland Park, KS. The site should be fully operational by mid 2006.

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Mobile Outreach for Pollution Prevention (MOPP)

“Taking P2 on the Road”

Bring Pollution Prevention educational

opportunities to the community

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Mopp equipment
MOPP Equipment

  • Used Oil Furnace

  • Solvent Still

  • Solvent Parts Washer with still

  • Used Oil Filter Processor

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Spray technique analysis and research for defense star 4 d
Spray Technique Analysis and Research for Defense (STAR 4 D)

  • Goals are to identify the concerns of the military refinishing industry and to provide spray technicians with advanced tools and training to use less material and improve finish quality

  • STAR4D Instruction focus on:

    • Proper Spray Technique

    • Coatings and Coating Application

    • Equipment

    • New Technologies

    • Pollution Prevention Opportunities

    • 80 % - 90 % “Hands – On “

    • 10 % - 20 % Classroom

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Painting and coating enhancement pace facility applied research facility arf
Painting and Coating Enhancement (PACE) FacilityApplied Research Facility (ARF)

  • 8000 square foot building used for “Hands On” training

  • Used for “Train the Trainer” part of program

  • STAR4D researches and evaluates new technologies to integrate into the program for continued excellence

Iowa Waste Reduction Center


  • Benefits of STAR4D Training at Camp Dodge

    • 24% Decrease in Material Usage

    • Up to 47% Decrease in Production Time

    • Film Build Increase from 1.2 to 2.8

    • Up to 5X Longer Filter Life

    • Increase from 6 Vehicles coated per Day to 10 or More

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Star 4 d

Camp Dodge recipient of

Iowa Governor’s Environmental Excellence Award 2004

Iowa National Guard Combined Support Maintenance Shop (CSMS)

Camp Dodge - Johnston, Iowa

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

New environmental technology for small business netsb
New Environmental Technology for Small Business (NETSB)

  • The New Environmental Technologies for Small Business (NETSB) initiative strives to increase the use of new environmental technology by small businesses resulting in environmental and economic benefits.

Iowa Waste Reduction Center


  • Phase One – Identify the new environmental technologies

  • Phase Two – Evaluate the new environmental technologies.

  • Phase Three – Conduct applied research to establish the viability of the new environmental technologies in small business.

  • Phase Four – Implement the new technologies in Iowa small businesses.

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Netsb advisory committee
NETSB Advisory Committee

  • IWRC

    • Chris Horan, Lisa Hurban, Jeff Beneke

  • NETSB Technical Advisory Committee

    • Dr. Maureen Clayton – University of Northern Iowa

    • Jeff Fiagle – Iowa Department of Natural Resources

    • Rick Meyers – Iowa Waste Exchange, Kirkwood CC

    • Bill Diesslin – Iowa State University

    • Pete Olson – Cedar Falls Utilities

    • Pat Higby – University of Northern Iowa - CEEE

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Netsb environmental technologies
NETSB Environmental Technologies

  • Lead Free Solder

  • CO2 Dry Cleaning Machines or Alternative Solvents

  • Reverse Ambient Solar Energy Reclamation System (RASER)

  • Ultrasonic Parts Washing Equipment

  • Bio-based Metal Working Fluid

  • Microwave Heating and Curing

Iowa Waste Reduction Center


  • If you have a new technology that would be beneficial to small businesses or you are a small business interested in exploring a specific technology that has an environmental impact please give Chris Horan ([email protected]) a call at 319-273-8905.

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Web site and publications
Web Site and Publications

  • Closed Loop (quarterly)

  • www.iwrc.org

  • In The Loop – electronic newsletter

  • NETSB – quarterly newsletter

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

New for iwrc clients
New for IWRC Clients

  • Aerosol Container Management

  • Electronic Equipment and Computers

  • Mercury Containing Devices as Universal Wastes (thermostats, barometers, temperature and pressure gauges, and mercury light switches from automobiles. )

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Aerosol containers
Aerosol Containers

  • Both ingredients and propellant are hazardous

  • Aerosols are difficult to actually empty

  • EPA recently fined a company for discarding without making a hazardous waste determination

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Management of electronics computers
Management of Electronics/Computers

Can they be landfilled legally?

  • Waste CRTs generated by businesses would often NOT be able to be legally disposed of in a municipal landfill in Iowa.

  • Electronic equipment contains hazardous substances such as lead, mercury, chromium, cadmium, and beryllium.

  • And valuable metals such as aluminum, copper and precious metals - gold, silver, platinum and palladium.

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Violations shared by universities
Violations:Shared by Universities

  • Undated and unlabeled universal waste lamps

  • Unlabeled used oil containers

  • Undated storage containers/improperly dated storage containers

  • Satellite containers not labeled with the words Hazardous Waste

  • More than 1 satellite container of the same waste stream at a satellite point

  • Open satellite accumulation containers

  • Unknown wastes

  • Failure to conduct a hazardous waste determination (contaminated rags in shops, oil based paint containers in trash or drums in storage yard which nobody seemed to know to whom they belonged. )

  • Inadequate aisle space in waste storage area

  • Mixing F001 & D001 waste with used oil

  • Treating paint shop leftover oil based paint without a permit

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

Thank you
Thank You!

Lisa Hurban

Iowa Waste Reduction Center

1005 Technology Parkway

University of Northern Iowa

Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613




Iowa Waste Reduction Center