Trends of selected agriculture rural development indicators in the comesa region
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Trends of Selected Agriculture & Rural Development Indicators in the COMESA Region. By Joseph Karugia and Stella Massawe. ReSAKSS Africa-wide conference, Exploring New Opportunities and Strategic Alternatives to Inform African Agricultural Development, Planning and Policy,

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Trends of Selected Agriculture & Rural Development Indicators in the COMESA Region

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Trends of selected agriculture rural development indicators in the comesa region

Trends of Selected Agriculture & Rural Development Indicators in the COMESA Region

By

Joseph Karugia and Stella Massawe

ReSAKSS Africa-wide conference, Exploring New Opportunities and Strategic Alternatives to Inform African Agricultural Development, Planning and Policy,

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 23- 24,November, 2009


Role of resakss eca node

Role of ReSAKSS-ECA Node

  • Support COMESA and member states; plus Tanzania (EAC and SADC) in design, implementation, M&E agricultural strategies => CAADP

  • Strategic analysis; KM; Capacity building

  • Hosted by ILRI in Nairobi

  • SC chaired by COMESA sets agenda


Importance of agriculture in the region

Importance of agriculture in the region

  • It is the mainstay of COMESA’s rural economy: the majority of the population resides in rural areas, and about 70 % engage in agriculture


Large contribution to gdp

Large contribution to GDP…

  • Contribution of agriculture to GDP remains large – transformation?

Source:African development indicators 2004 in FAO 2006a and World Bank 2008


But performance has been mixed

But performance has been mixed…

Agriculture GDP Growth rate (%) - 2003 vs. 2007

Source: Compiled by ReSAKSS available at www.resakss.org


Productivity is low

Productivity is low.….

  • In many countries maize productivity is much lower compared to other regions

Source: computed from FAOSTAT data


Food production growth is lower than population growth

Food production growth is lower than population growth

Source: * from AfDB, 2007 and ** most recent figures from World Bank, 2006


Fertilizer use is very low

Fertilizer use is very low


Irrigation is limited

Irrigation is limited

Proportion of arable land under permanent crops that is irrigated

Averages 1970-2004

FAO, 2006


What is the progress in meeting mdg1 halving poverty and hunger by 2015

What is the progress in meeting MDG1 - halving poverty and hunger by 2015?


Progress towards halving poverty by 2015 in africa

Progress towards halving poverty by 2015 in Africa

Source: ReSAKSS, based on WDI, 2008.

In COMESA, only four countries (DRC, Egypt, Swaziland, and Uganda) are on their way to achieving the goal of poverty reduction. Many countries are far from the MDG benchmark for 2008


Progress towards halving hunger by 2015 in africa

Progress towards halving hunger by 2015 in Africa

Source: ReSAKSS, based on WDI, 2008

Many more countries (DRC, Djibouti,Ethiopia, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Seychelles,and Uganda)are on their way towards halving hunger by 2015 but to achieve MDG1, countries need to halve both hunger and poverty. From the previous slide only two countries in COMESA (DRC, and Uganda) appear to be on track.


Region largest recipient of food aid

Region largest recipient of food aid…

  • As a result of food insecurity, food aid has been a historical phenomenon in the COMESA region

  • Received about 59% of the total food aid deliveries to SSA, North Africa and Middle East between 1988 and 2008

Source: Computed from data from Food Aid Information System of the WFP


Food aid recipients in the region

Food aid recipients in the region

Ethiopia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Kenya, DRC received the highest proportion in 2007 and 2008

Source: Computed from data from Food Aid Information System of the WFP


High food prices have compounded the problem

High food prices have compounded the problem…

  • Global food prices started creeping up at around the year 2000

  • Dramatic increase in 2007-2008; sharp decline since July, 2008;

  • But international prices are poorly transmitted to domestic markets in the ESA region


Food price indices

Food price indices

Note the decline in global prices


Changes in the food price index trends

Changes in the Food Price Index Trends(%)

Source: FAOSTAT and Country Statistical Offices


Effects of high food prices felt by the poor and net food buyers

Effects of high food prices felt by the poor and net food buyers

  • Poor households spend most of their income on food - high food prices imply real incomes decline

  • Most farmers in the region are net food buyers – do not benefit as producers


Urban poor hardest hit by high food prices

Urban poor hardest hit by high food prices……….

  • Urban poor who depend on markets were particularly hit hard – riots in a number of countries


Progress towards caadp target in agricultural public expenditure

Progress towards CAADP target in agricultural public expenditure


Public spending in africa has historically been very low compared with other regions

Public spending in Africa has historically been very low compared with other regions

  • Africa constitutes the majority of agricultural based economies

  • Public spending in agriculture based countries is lowest , while their share of Agriculture GDP is highest.

Source: Fan, Shenggen, ed. In World Development report, 2008.


Trends of selected agriculture rural development indicators in the comesa region

Ethiopia

& Malawi

10%

Madagascar, Swaziland, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia & Zimbabwe

5%

Burundi, DRC, Egypt, Kenya, Mauritius &Rwanda

The 10% Budget Allocation target is yet to be met by majority of the countries in COMESA; But good progress is being made


Not only quantity but also quality is important

Not only quantity, but also quality is important…

  • spending must also be efficient, well-targeted and supplemented by investments in non-agricultural sectors

  • ReSAKSS work has contributed to definition of country investment options for growth and poverty reduction


Progress in implementation of caadp round table in comesa

Progress in implementation of CAADP Round Table in COMESA


Progress in implementation of round table as at october 2009

Progress in implementation of Round Table as at October, 2009


Trends of selected agriculture rural development indicators in the comesa region

THANK YOU


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