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The Art of Being Human. Chapter Three. Chapter 3 Objectives:. Describe the meaning of mythology and explain how it relates to the study of the Humanities and the theory of Carl Jung. Outline features of the archetype of the hero in myth.

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The art of being human

The Art of Being Human

Chapter Three


Chapter 3 objectives
Chapter 3 Objectives:

  • Describe the meaning of mythology and explain how it relates to the study of the Humanities and the theory of Carl Jung.

  • Outline features of the archetype of the hero in myth.

  • Distinguish major archetypes in myths including magic, word power, the circle, the journey, and the garden.

  • Illustrate the concept of myth as explanation regarding areas such as creation, the natural world, and human suffering.

  • Explain mythic elements in fairy tales and relate the study of myth and the archetypes to fairy tales and stories in your own life.


Carl jung
Carl Jung

  • Believed that all people are born with an instinctive knowledge of archetypes

  • The Hero

  • The Wise One

  • The Trickster or The Underdog

  • The Villian

  • Carl Jung Archetypes youtube video (1:48)


Joseph campbell
Joseph Campbell

  • You tube video – 4:34

  • What do you have in common with the Hero?

    • You leave your “comfort zone” and

    • “The cave you fear to enter holds the treasure you seek.”


Archetypal heroes
Archetypal Heroes

  • Birth of the Hero—unusual/wonderous

  • Early Recognition of Hero

  • Hero’s Great Deeds

  • Hero’s loss of Power

  • Hero must prove him/herself

  • Fairy Tales– happy ending

  • Myths – lots of tragedy

  • Archetypal Heroes – youtube clip 13 min


The hero today anti hero
The Hero Today – Anti-hero?

  • Anti Hero: Usually fairly “normal” person, who strives to do the right thing, but has many failings.

    • Wolverine of the X-men

    • Willy Loman Death of a Salesman

    • Draco Malfoy, or what about Snape?

    • Napoleon Dynamite

    • Edward/Jacob -- Twilight

    • Usually more interesting than traditional Heroes—often does things/has a personality that causes problems – therefore is partially/completely at fault for his/her problems/failings.


Components of myth
Components of Myth

  • Magic

  • Power of Words

  • Power of Numbers

  • The Circle

  • The Journey

  • The Garden

  • Gods as human beings (Greek gods)


Myth as explanation
Myth as Explanation

  • Creation

  • The Natural World

  • Human Suffering

  • Cursed by Fate


Myths of childhood
Myths of Childhood

  • Need for reassurance

  • Importance of being rich and attractive

  • The Importance of Names

  • The Dark Side


Popular mythology
Popular Mythology

  • We continue to create and perpetuate myths

  • Common Sayings


How myths influence humanities
How Myths influence Humanities

  • Many times, myths and archetypes underlie a given work.

  • “Leda and the Swan” by Yeats is much more powerful if you know about Zeus who disguised himself as a swan.

  • Frodo in Lord of the Rings leaves Middle Earth at the end and goes to a very “green” type of paradise – much like the Elysian Fields for brave Greek warriors, in Greek Mythology.

  • If you have a broad knowledge of myths, you can look for the similarities in modern literature, film, art, etc.


East vs west the myths that mystify
East vs. West—the Myths that mystify

  • The World vs. My World (DevduttPattanaik – 20 min)

  • Every culture is trying to understand itself and each culture comes up with its own explanation.

  • Different cultures come up with different explanations

  • “My World” is always better than “Your World” – the reason we have strife and warfare, etc.

  • Don’t live a life that is boring – be SPECTACULAR!!

  • The Circle—what comes around, goes around.

  • Cloud Atlas – the same life is lived over and over until you get it right.


The next time you meet a stranger
The next time you meet a stranger:

  • One request: Understand that you live in the subjective truth and so does he.

  • Have empathy.

    • DevduttPattanaik


Key terms
Key Terms:

  • Archetype

  • Collective unconscious – Jung’s phrase for the universality of myths among different cultures

  • Gender Roles

  • Karma

  • Monomyth – myth found in every culture -- hero

  • Mythology

  • Myths


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