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TAV Chapter 20 . Benito Mussolini. School teacher Fascist Party 1919 Empire building and national pride Promised full employment and social security Black shirts Militia threatened to march on Rome in 1922

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Benito mussolini
Benito Mussolini

  • School teacher

  • Fascist Party 1919

    • Empire building and national pride

    • Promised full employment and social security

  • Black shirts

    • Militia threatened to march on Rome in 1922

    • King Victor Emanuel was convinced to make Mussolini the premier – Took over the country.

  • Anti-communist


Joseph stalin
Joseph Stalin

  • Following Lenin’s death Stalin took over the USSR in 1926

  • High output –Low wages (43%)

  • Collectives

  • Opposition

  • Communist


Adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler

  • Born in Braunau am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889

  • WW I

    • Wounded twice

    • Twice awarded the Iron Cross

      for bravery

  • Military spy after WW I


Nazis
Nazis

  • German Worker’s Party

  • Hitler changed the name to The National Socialist German Worker’s Party (NAZI)

  • Nov. 1923 the Nazis tried to take power in Munich (Beer Hall Putsch)

  • Mein Kampf

  • 1932 Nazis grew within the Reichstag

  • 1933 Hitler is appointed chancellor by Paul von Hindenburg



Economic circle
Economic Circle

United States

Germany

Great Britain & France


War debt
War Debt

  • Economic circle

  • Germany’s plight


Neutrality
Neutrality

  • Nye Committee-suggested that arms manufactures pushed the US into WW I.

  • Led to the Neutrality Act of 1935-No selling of arms to nations at war

  • Roosevelt warned that neutrality may eventually drag the US into war.


Attack on manchuria
Attack on Manchuria

  • July 1937 Japan attacked China in order to take advantage of their natural resources.

  • Neutrality Act of 1937 did not apply so we sent arms to help out China

  • Tattoos



World war ii begins

Chapter 20 Section 2

World War II Begins


Time line
Time Line

  • 1935, Hitler begins building up the military

  • March 1936, Rhineland

  • Feb. 1938, Hitler threatens to invade Austria unless Austrian Nazis were given important Govt positions.

  • The Austrian chancellor gave into demands and wanted a vote on unification.

  • Hitler sent troops into Austria in March 1938 declaring the Anschluss of Germany and Austria


Munich conference
Munich Conference

  • Hitler staked a claim on the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia b/c of the German speaking people there.

  • Sept. 29, 1938, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Germany met to decide about the Sudetenland


Appeasement
Appeasement

  • GB and France agreed to give the Sudetenland to Germany or Czech. would have to fight Germany alone.

  • GB’s Neville Chamberlain returned home touting, “ a peace with honor … peace in our time.”

  • March 1939, Germany sent troops into Czech

    • Divided into 2 (Slovakia) -Protectorate


Non aggression pact
Non-Aggression Pact

  • August 23, 1939, Germany and the USSR signed an agreement not to attack each other


Poland
Poland

  • Sept. 1, 1939, German troops rolled into Poland.

  • Blitzkrieg

  • GB and France declare war on Germany

  • Sept. 27th Warsaw fell to Germany

  • By October 5th Poland had fallen


Fall of france
Fall of France

  • Defensive bunkers – the Maginot Line

  • May 10, 1940 German troops attack France by going around the Maginot Line.

    • Through Belgium and Luxembourg and the Ardennes Forest

  • French and English troops were trapped at Dunkirk

    • 3 day delay made it possible for 338,000 troops to be rescued

  • Vichy France puppet govt.



The holocaust

Chapter 20 Section 3

The Holocaust


Nuremberg laws
Nuremberg Laws

  • Targeted Jews mainly as well as others the Nazis saw as inferior

  • Sept. 1935 - Removed citizenship for German-Jews

  • Marriage

  • Public office


Kristallnacht
Kristallnacht

  • Nov. 7, 1938, a German diplomat was killed by a Jew

  • Nov. 9th Jews were targets in retaliation

  • Staged by Joseph Goebbels, the minister of propaganda

  • The following day the Gestapo arrested 30,000 Jews


The final solution
The Final Solution

  • Wannsee Conference- Determine the Jewish question

  • Concentration Camps

  • Extermination Camps

  • 1937, Buchenwald was the first and largest concentration camp


Destroyers for bases
Destroyers for Bases

  • 50 old destroyers


America first
America First

  • Isolationists

  • 1940 Fight for Freedom Committee pushes for a stronger stand against Germany


Lend lease act
Lend Lease Act

  • Lend or lease arms to any country vital to the defense of the US.

  • 40 billion in supplies to the Allies


Hemispheric defense zone
Hemispheric Defense Zone

  • Western Atlantic was neutral

  • US ships would radio the location of German Submarines to the British


Atlantic charter
Atlantic Charter

  • Aug. 1941, FDR and Churchill met near Newfoundland

    • Post war world of democracy and free trade

    • Force an incident

  • German Sub. sank US destroyer Oct. 31, 1941

    • Reuben James

    • Shoot on sight order


Embargo against japan
Embargo Against Japan

  • July 1940, Congress gave FDR the power to restrict the sale of strategic materials

  • FDR blocked the sale of Airplane fuel and scrap iron to Japan

    • Japan responded by joining the Axis of Germany and Italy

  • Japan sent troops into Indochina so we set up an oil embargo until they pull out.


Pearl harbor
Pearl Harbor

  • December 7, 1941, the Japanese launch a surprise attack on the US Naval Base

    • 2,403 killed

    • 1,178 injured


Surprise attack against the united states by the empire of japan
SURPRISE ATTACK AGAINST THE UNITED STATES BY THE EMPIRE OF JAPAN

HARRIS, George Ellsworth MM1c USN Illinois


Japanese attack on pearl harbor
JAPANESE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR JAPAN

  • Dec. 7, 1941, Japan conducted a surprise attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

    • 2,403 people died in the Sunday morning attack

    • Killed soldiers, sailors, & civilians

    • Destroyed 200 planes, 5 battleships, & 3 cruisers

  • Aircraft carriers were out to sea when the attack happened



December 7 1941
December 7, 1941 JAPAN

  • “a date that will live in infamy”

  • The U.S. declares war against Japan

  • Dec. 11th Germany & Italy declare war on the U.S.





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