Learning with Consequences: Service and Service-Learning. Professor Barbara A. Holland Pro Vice-Chancellor University of Western Sydney. Service and Service-Learning Around the World. USA - 55% of teenagers participate in service through a school requirement
Professor Barbara A. Holland
University of Western Sydney
New South Wales
Service-learning combines service activities with learning objectives with the intent that the activity benefit both the recipient and the provider of the service. This is accomplished by combining service with structured reflection that facilitates the acquisition and comprehension of values, skills, and academic content.
Service-learning is an instructional approach whereby students learn important learning objectives as they address a genuine community need.
For Clean Up Australia Day, a teacher decides that students will clean up part of the banks of a local river by picking up rubbish.
They do research on the river and issues
Students define the specific need
They create and vote on the project plan
Clean up the river bank !
Analyse pollutants/trash; what are the sources?
Note the impact on flora, fauna, humans
Share results with the local council and residents
Take action: informational brochure, web site…Becomes Service-Learning
Most effective: Actions that require knowledge and skills such as
Leading, communicating, organising, tutoring/mentoring, creating/producing
Less effective: Actions that involve time more than knowledge such as
Picking up trash, handing something out, washing/cleaning, making copies, stuffing envelopes, filing, chores
Without attention to proven practices, students may lack motivation, do minimal service, wait until the last minute…etc.
Simple service rewards motivated students.
Quality service linked to learning and reflection will ALSO transform many students who are less successful.