World project ko meeting university of catania
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WORLD Project – KO Meeting University of Catania. UNICT proposal WP1: System Architecture T1.2: WORLD system plan WP5: Cross-layer Wireless Multimedia and Active QoS-Mapping T5.2: Opportunistic access and node auto set up T5.3: Game-Theory-based distributed radio resource management

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WORLD Project – KO Meeting University of Catania

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World project ko meeting university of catania

WORLD Project – KO MeetingUniversity of Catania

Laura Galluccio


Research activities ar

UNICT proposal

WP1: System Architecture

T1.2: WORLD system plan

WP5: Cross-layer Wireless Multimedia and Active QoS-Mapping

T5.2: Opportunistic access and node auto set up

T5.3: Game-Theory-based distributed radio resource management

WP6: Applications and secure End-to-End QoS-provisioning (leadership)

T6.2: Opportunistic scalable video and audio coding for adaptive streaming applications

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections

Research Activities (AR)

Laura Galluccio


T1 2 world system plan

T1.2: World System Plan

We will collaborate to the definition of

  • System and network architecture

    (Context awareness and reconfigurability techniques, QoS support mechanisms)

  • Protocol architecture

    (Cross layer interactions, QoS transversal support)

Laura Galluccio


T5 2 opportunistic access and node auto set up

T5.2: Opportunistic Access and Node auto set up


T5 2 opportunistic access and node auto set up1

T5.2: Opportunistic Access and Node auto set up

  • Nodes opportunistically enter and exit the P2P network

  • Mechanisms to let nodes self-reconfigure and discover other devices and services will be needed

  • Discovery procedures should be characterized both in terms of performance and algorithms

Laura Galluccio


T5 2 opportunistic access and node auto set up2

T5.2: Opportunistic Access and Node auto set up

  • To automatically set up nodes, it will be required to:

    • Localize

    • Distribute a catalogue of the available resources

Laura Galluccio


Localization

Localization

  • Infostation nodes are also available into the network

  • Some nodes are equipped with GPS

  • Other nodes do not

  • Location information is needed to implement a distributed algorithm for resources propagation into the network

  • We will develop a middleware allowing nodes localization through some fixed position-aware nodes

Laura Galluccio


Localization1

Localization

  • This middleware will allow to

    • Perform an algorithm to let the nodes calculate their position exploiting position-aware nodes

      • Send beacon packets

      • Use these packets to estimate the packet loss probability (PLP)

      • Use the PLP to evaluate the bit error probability (BEP)

      • Estimate the SNR

      • Obtain the distribution of the SNR

Laura Galluccio


Resources catalogue a mobile world

Resources catalogue: A mobile world

  • Rapid increase in the amount of multimedia contents created “on the road”

  • Pervasive use of personal portable devices

  • Users typically share contents by non-mobile systems (P2P sharing program; social network)

  • User friendly interface to easily share and exchange data through heterogeneous information systems and communication technologies

but

in the near future


What is our target

What is our target?

  • To provide a general purpose platform whose aim is to create data sharing services in mobile environment in a modular and adaptive way

  • Some scenarios:

    • Music festivals: where people could share contents (photos, songs, videos)

    • Municipal services

    • Cultural activities

    • Mobile social network


Existing solutions

Existing solutions

  • Several works in literature deal with the problem of data sharing in mobile environments

  • Solutions based on novel protocols or different transmission techniques are proposed to solve the architectural and technical problems:

    • Web-service based platform (Internet access is required)

    • Instant messaging architecture (server based scheme)

    • Mobile P2P solutions (using the cellular network)

  • The majority of the existing solutions are related to specific applications and use an infrastructured scheme


World project ko meeting university of catania

Idea

ShareAnywhere (SA) will be a platform which provides an application framework where mobile devices make use of user-friendly methods to share and exchange digital contents among heterogeneous systems and through different communication technologies.


Logical architecture

Logical Architecture

InfoStations: Network nodes revealing the presence of mobile nodes and providing resources

CMS:

Non-mobile system front-end to upload the resources

Mobile Nodes: Cellular phones, PDAs and Notebooks running an appropriate software

Database: element storing all the system resources


T5 3 game theory based distributed radio resource management

T5.3: Game-Theory based distributed radio resource management


T5 3 game theory based distributed radio resource management1

T5.3: Game-Theory based distributed radio resource management

  • Infostations will be used by mobile nodes to download the required information when located in the proximity

  • In case of multimedia applications playout buffers length should be taken into account when considering the possibility to download frames during the limited proximity time

  • Requests being sent to the infostation nodes should be managed according to a priority-like mechanism taking into account the limited proximity time, the remaining energy and the above mentioned playout buffer residual length

  • A game modeling of this problem will be provided

Laura Galluccio


T5 3 game theory based distributed radio resource management2

T5.3: Game-Theory based distributed radio resource management

  • A traditional CSMA/CA model will be modified to allow support of priority differentiation in traffic management

  • Network management will be performed by means of a jamming policy

  • Game modeling will imply

    • Use of a utility function (U)=node throughput (r )

    • Use of a penalty function (P)=difference in throughput due to nodes deviation from the expected throughput

    • Use of a payoff function (f) f=U-P to be maximized based on the different nodes priority (q)

    • -node priority (q) depending on playout buffer residual length (Q), residual energy (E) and residual time in the proximity of the infostation(T)

Laura Galluccio


T5 3 game theory based distributed radio resource management3

T5.3: Game-Theory based distributed radio resource management

  • Strategy: identified with the values assumed by the contention window size at the observation time

  • Access probability

  • Node throughput

Laura Galluccio


T5 3 game theory based distributed radio resource management4

T5.3: Game-Theory based distributed radio resource management

  • Payoff

  • Priority

  • Expected throughput

Laura Galluccio


T5 3 game theory based distributed radio resource management5

T5.3: Game-Theory based distributed radio resource management

Definition of a distributed algorithm for reaching the Pareto Optimal Equilibria and letting the system work around it


T6 2 opportunistic scalable video and audio coding for adaptive streaming applications

T6.2: Opportunistic scalable video and audio coding for adaptive streaming applications


T6 2 opportunistic scalable video and audio coding for adaptive streaming applications1

T6.2: Opportunistic scalable video and audio coding for adaptive streaming applications

  • The main target of this activity will be evaluation of the impact of using opportunistic techniques for support of multimedia traffic in P2P wireless networks

  • Multimedia Coding impacts on

    • File size and consequent storage requirements

    • The way the resource is distributed into the network (many copies at different coding quality can be distributed)

  • Resource distribution should consider inter-contact time distribution!

Laura Galluccio


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.2: Opportunistic scalable video and audio coding for adaptive streaming applications

  • Two strategies will be prosecuted:

    • Software implementation

    • Simulation


T6 4 multimedia peer to peer p2p wlan connections

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


T6 4 multimedia peer to peer p2p wlan connections1

Due to the limited bandwidth resources in wireless channels redundancy should be reduced

To this purpose network coding can be used in P2P multihop communication environments

Network coding allows to combine different files’ chunks so as to reduce energy consumption, increase capacity and thus throughput, and should be variable according to network conditions

Drawbacks are longer processing and thus increase in delivery delay

We will analitically characterize the problem

Then, we will define and test an algorithm for estimating system performance

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections

Laura Galluccio


T6 4 multimedia peer to peer p2p wlan connections2

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections

  • Energy efficient data routing will be addressed as well

  • Knowledge of position is required and can be obtained by mean of localization techniques as discussed above

  • Once known the position, geographical forwarding can be exploited to forward information


T6 4 multimedia peer to peer p2p wlan connections3

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections

  • Same Payload size SD

  • Header size equal to SH andSHNC~2SH

  • Node density around node A equal to A


T6 4 multimedia peer to peer p2p wlan connections4

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


T6 4 multimedia peer to peer p2p wlan connections5

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


World project ko meeting university of catania

T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections


Summarizing

Summarizing…

  • WP5: Cross-layer Wireless Multimedia and Active QoS-Mapping

    • T5.2: Opportunistic access and node auto set up

      • Localization (just started!)

      • Resource catalogue (ongoing!!!)

    • T5.3: Game-Theory-based distributed radio resource management (ongoing!!)

  • WP6: Applications and secure End-to-End QoS-provisioning (leadership)

    • T6.2: Opportunistic scalable video and audio coding for adaptive streaming applications (just started!)

    • T6.4: Multimedia Peer-to-Peer (P2P) WLAN connections (ongoing!)


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