Data Protection and Freedom of Information. The Carmichael Centre 13 th March 2014. Introduction. Data Protection principles Dealing with sensitive data Current legislation Purpose of the Freedom of Information Act Rights of access and exemptions. Lecturer.
Data Protection and Freedom of Information
The Carmichael Centre
13th March 2014
Craig has identified six reasons for the protection of privacy:
(i) Refuge: It allows the individual to retreat from the pressures of public scrutiny and social norms
(ii) Freedom: Privacy prevents interference in a person’s acts.
(iii) Autonomy: It promotes autonomy by encouraging the individual to make his own choices.
(iv) Creativity: By protecting the individual against conformist pressures, it fosters creative experimentation, which leads to social diversity.
(v) Mental health: Privacy has been linked to individual mental health.
(vi) Intimacy: Privacy is a necessary condition for the creation of relationships of trust and confidence
Any restrictions in this Act on the disclosure of personal data do not apply if the disclosure is—
Duties of Public Bodies
Requests for information
A record can be a paper document, information held on computer, printouts, maps, plans, microfilm, microfiche, audio-visual material, etc.
FOI Review Procedures