The middle colonies
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The Middle Colonies. Pennsylvania A. Swedish (sparsely settled), Dutch, Germans and English all establish colonies and claim the Delmarva area B. England gains control in the 1670s. C . In 1681 Charles II grants land to William Penn 1. Named in the grant Pennsylvania (Penn’s Woods)

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The Middle Colonies

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The Middle Colonies

Pennsylvania

A. Swedish (sparsely settled), Dutch, Germans and English all establish colonies and claim the Delmarva area

B. England gains control in the 1670s


  • C. In 1681 Charles II grants land to William Penn

    • 1. Named in the grant Pennsylvania (Penn’s Woods)

    • 2. Main city is Philadelphia (City of Brotherly Love)

    • 3. Penn is a Quaker


  • D. Quakerism believes in freedom of religion, women’s rights and will be some of the first to oppose slavery

  • E. Philly’s openness and location on the Delaware River make it popular


  • II. New York

    • A. Claimed by the Dutch in 1609 as New Amsterdam (part of New Netherland)

    • B. As with Penn. It is taken by England in the 1670s


  • C. New York keeps the Dutch idea that its main purpose is commerce

    • 1. It makes it tolerant toward nationalities and religions

    • 2. It becomes the nation’s busiest port and at points in its history the busiest port in the world


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