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ecbi. european capacity building initiative initiative européenne de renforcement des capacités. Finance and Adaptation Finance Reflections from the Oxford Fellowship Colloquium Oxford Seminar, 3-5 September 2008.

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ecbi

european capacity building initiative

initiative européenne de renforcement des capacités

Finance and Adaptation Finance

Reflections from the Oxford Fellowship Colloquium

Oxford Seminar, 3-5 September 2008

for sustained capacity building in support of international climate change negotiations

pour un renforcement durable des capacités en appui aux négociations internationales sur les changements climatiques


Structure of presentation
Structure of Presentation

  • Framing the Issue

  • Features of the Funding Foreseen

  • The Financial Gap/ Challenge

  • Potential Sources of Funding

  • Institutional Base/Governance Principals of the Financial Architecture

  • Eligibility of Countries & Investments

  • Definition of Adaptation Priorities


Framing the issue
Framing the Issue

  • Commitments in UNFCCC (under Art 4)

    • 4.3 ‘new and additional financial resources’ to meet agreed full incremental outlays of developing countries

    • 4.4 ‘assistance to meet costs of adaptation’

    • 4.5 ‘promotion facilitation and financing of the transfer of, or access to,environmentally sound technologies and know-how

    • 4.8 ‘funding in vulnerable dev countries’

    • 4.9 ‘funding for LDCs’


Framing the issue cont d
Framing the Issue (cont’d)

  • Foregoing commitments at the core of the balance under 4.7: Developing country performance under the convention only to the extent that developed countries deliver on their commitments. The overriding priority for developing countries social development and poverty reduction.

  • The forgoing balance reflected in 1b(ii). Performance of developing countries MRVd to the extent supported by MRVd technology transfer, finance and capacity building (for both adaptation and mitigation) delivered by developed countries


Features of the funding foreseen
Features of the Funding Foreseen

  • New and additional

  • Adequate

  • Predictable

  • Incremental investment costs and incremental lifetime costs

  • Difference between 11.5 and 4.7


The financial gap challenge
The financial gap/challenge

  • Amounts required: tens of billions of $, amounts available so far millions thus gap is a 1000 times

  • Challenge is to finance:

    • Adaptation

    • REDD

    • Technology Transfer

    • Capacity Building

  • Carbon markets delivering a few billions for mitigation but future uncertain.


Potential sources of funding
Potential Sources of Funding

Mandatory assessments, e.g.

- China proposal

- Mexico proposal

Levies e.g.

- 2% on CDM

- IAPAL proposal

- Maritime

Voluntary e.g

- LDCF

- SCCF


Possible principles for governance structure
Possible principles for governance structure*

  • Article 11.1 requires that financial architecture be: under the guidance of and accountable to Cop. In Nairobi it was decided that AF should in addition be under the authority of COP.

  • Equitable and Balanced representation of all parties

  • Transparent. One Country One Vote. Relevant representation

  • Direct Access to funding through multiple verticals

    * see diagram


Eligibility of countries investments
Eligibility of Countries/Investments

  • All developing country parties with emphasis on vulnerable and least developed Parties

  • Differentiated criteria to match differing needs and vulnerabilities

  • Incremental costs of mitigation and building capacity and institutional infrastructure

  • Full costs of adaptation, low carbon technologies & NAPs/National Communications


Definition of adaptation priorities
Definition of Adaptation Priorities

  • Bottom up: from National Adaptation Plans and Programmes

    • Priority Sectors identified, e.g. Flood proofing

    • Drought proofing

    • Coastal management

  • Regions

    • Coastal, semi arid, mountainous etc.

      Most vulnerable Countries; LDCs, SIDS

    • Agriculture management etc.


Diagram to be inserted here
Diagram to be inserted here

  • Towards to new financial architecture under the UNFCCC and its Protocol.



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