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Chapter 9, Part II of 1984. 1. “Winston was gelatinous with fatigue.”. Winston was weak like Jello; his bones were so pliant that they didn’t support him. 2.What will happen on the last day of Hate Week?. Two thousand Eurasian prisoners will be hanged!.

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Chapter 9, Part II of 1984

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1 winston was gelatinous with fatigue
1. “Winston was gelatinous with fatigue.”

  • Winston was weak like Jello; his bones were so pliant that they didn’t support him.


2 what will happen on the last day of hate week
2.What will happen on the last day of Hate Week?

  • Two thousand Eurasian prisoners will be hanged!


3 what surprise announcement was made
3. What surprise announcement was made?

  • The enemy is now Eastasia!


4 why will winston have to work 90 hrs week
4. Why will Winston have to work 90 hrs./week?

  • He will be changing lots of documents to prove that the enemy was always Eastasia.


5 how does goldstein s book get to winston
5. How does Goldstein’s book get to Winston?

  • It is passed to him inside a briefcase in a crowd.

The Book


6 what is the book s title
6. What is the book’s title?

  • It is The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism

  • * Oligarchical means government by the few.


7 what countries comprise the three superpowers
7. What countries comprise the three Superpowers?

  • Oceania: The Americas, British Isles, Australia, South Africa

  • Eurasia: Northern Europe & Russia

  • Eastasia: China and the countries south of China


8 truths that winston learns in goldstein s book
8. Truths that Winston learns in Goldstein’s book:

a.Most atrocities of war are done by countries on their own civilians.

b. War really involves small numbers of highly trained specialists.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984

  • The same war is always in progress and there cannot be a winner.

    d. There is really nothing to fight about.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984

e. The land between Hong Kong, Tangier, Brazzaveille, and Darwin is always in dispute because the three Superpowers want it for its cheap labor force.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984

  • War allows the production of goods that aren’t Darwin is always in dispute because the three Superpowers want it for its consumed, like bombs, planes, etc.

  • A general state of scarcity increases the importance of small privileges and magnifies the distinction between one group and another.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984

  • Science terrorist attacks) it makes the handing over of power to a , as we knew it in the old days, has ceased to exist. The only advancement in science is weapons.

  • There are two aims of the Party:

    1. Conquer the whole surface of the

    Earth.

    2. Extinguish independent thought.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984

  • But, there are two problems: terrorist attacks) it makes the handing over of power to a

    1. How to discover what a person

    is thinking

    2. How to kill millions of people

    without warning.


Q why can t atomic bombs be dropped
q. Why can’t atomic bombs be dropped? terrorist attacks) it makes the handing over of power to a

  • The Earth would be destroyed.


R what hasn t changed in the past 30 40 years
r. What hasn’t changed in the past 30-40 years? terrorist attacks) it makes the handing over of power to a

War


S why don t the citizens of oceania ever have contact with foreigners
s. terrorist attacks) it makes the handing over of power to a Why don’t the citizens of Oceania ever have contact with foreigners?

  • They would find out that their government had lied to them.


T what is the same in all three superpowers
t. What is the same in all three Superpowers? terrorist attacks) it makes the handing over of power to a

  • The condition of life.


U explain why war is peace
u. Explain why war is peace. terrorist attacks) it makes the handing over of power to a

  • In becoming continuous, war has ceased to exist. The continuity of war guarantees the permanence of the current order.

  • There is an emotional need to believe in the ultimate victory of Big Brother.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984


10 what are the three classes of people
10. What are the three classes of people? If the labor was used to increase the standard of living, the control of the Party over the people would decrease. War is the economic basis for a hierarchical society

  • The Middles, Highs, and Lows


11 what do the middles sometimes do
11. What do the Middles sometimes do? If the labor was used to increase the standard of living, the control of the Party over the people would decrease. War is the economic basis for a hierarchical society

  • They join with the Lows to overthrow the Highs.


12 what can t the lows ever do
12. What can’t the Lows If the labor was used to increase the standard of living, the control of the Party over the people would decrease. War is the economic basis for a hierarchical societyever do?

  • They can never take control and their condition never changes.


13 which social classes made up the highs in the olden days
13. Which social classes made up the Highs in the olden days?

  • They were the Kings, priests, and leaders.


14 what did the middles preach
14. What did the Middles preach? days?

  • They taught equality, freedom, and liberty.


15 when the middles took control what happened
15. When the Middles took control, what happened? days?

  • They became corrupt and established a tyrany.


16 who brought back old barbaric justice such as torture public executions etc
16. Who brought back old barbaric justice such as torture, public executions, etc?

  • It was the new Highs.


17 which social groups now make up the new highs
17. Which social groups now make up the New Highs? public executions, etc?

  • The new Highs of the Inner Party include the former bureaucrats, scientists, technicians, trade union organizers, publicity experts, sociologists, teachers, journalists, and politicians. To make it simple, it is the salaried middle class of the olden days.


18 what made the enforcement of complete obedience to the state possible
18. What made the enforcement of complete obedience to the state possible?

  • It was the new technology.


Who owns everything in oceania
Who owns everything in Oceania? state possible?

  • The Party owns everything.


20 name the four ways that a ruling group can fall from power
20. Name the four ways that a ruling group can fall from power?

Be conquered from without.

Govern so the masses revolt (This is why the Party leaves Proles alone!)

Allow a strong discontented middle group to come into being (This is the Outer Party.)



21 what is the only danger for a group to fall from power and why
21. What is the only danger for a group to fall from power and why?

  • The only danger is if a new group splits off and gets educated. The first danger doesn’t exist because the Superpowers are equal. The masses can’t revolt if they aren’t aware that life can be better.


22 the pyramid of power
22. The Pyramid of Power and why?

  • Big Brother

Inner Party- the brains of the State

- 2%

Outer Party - the hands of the State - 13%

Proles

85%

The dumb masses


23 is membership in any group based on heredity
23. Is membership in any group based on heredity? and why?

  • No! You can’t be born into a social class unless you are born a Prole.


24 how do you get placed into one of the three social groups
24. How do you get placed into one of the three social groups?

  • You take a test at age 16 to determine if you are going to be an Inner Party or Outer Party member, or a Prole.


25 does oceania have a capital city
25. Does Oceania have a capital city? groups?

  • No, there is no need for one.


26 what is the only concern of the party
26. What is the only concern of the Party? groups?

  • Total control of everyone and everything


27 what two things make a good party member
27. What two things make a good Party member? groups?

  • First, be incapable of thinking too deeply, and second, live in a frenzy of hatred


28 what is blackwhite
28. What is Blackwhite? groups?

  • It is a contradiction of facts. For example, 2 + 2=3


29 why is doublethink or altering the past necessary
29. Why is doublethink or altering the past necessary? groups?

  • Party members must not have a past to compare the present with

  • Party members must believe that they are better off than their ancestors

  • The Party must be infallible which is why

    facts must be altered and history rewritten.


Why ignorance is strength
Why Ignorance Is Strength: groups?

  • There have always been three levels in any society: the High, the Middle, and the Low. No change has ever brought true human equality.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984


Why freedom is slavery
Why Freedom Is Slavery the new “High Class.” Collectivism has only ensured the permanence of economic inequality.

  • The masses (Proles) are given freedom of thought because they don’t think!

  • A Party member is not allowed the slightest deviation of thought, and there is an elaborate mental training to ensure this - doublethink.


Why war is peace
Why War Is Peace the new “High Class.” Collectivism has only ensured the permanence of economic inequality.

  • Each Superpower has within its boundaries all of the natural resources it needs.

  • Each Superpower is unconquerable so war is on-going by each Superpower against its own citizens. This is why Oceania can change enemies at will - it’s all lies!


A quick summary of what winston learns about war
A Quick Summary of What Winston Learns About War: the new “High Class.” Collectivism has only ensured the permanence of economic inequality.

  • The same war is always in progress and there is never a winner.

  • There is nothing to fight about except the strip of land called Darwin which all three Superpowers want for its cheap labor force.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984


Why war is good for the economy
Why War Is Good for the Economy: the new “High Class.” Collectivism has only ensured the permanence of economic inequality.

  • War uses up products without raising the people’s standard of living.

  • War allows for the production of products that aren’t consumed such as bombs, planes, weapons, etc.


Chapter 9 part ii of 1984


The end
The End! separation of social groups. (The “haves” and the “have-nots.”


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