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SOUTH AMERICA GOVERNMENT INFO

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SOUTH AMERICA GOVERNMENT INFO. EXAMPLES OF GOVERNMENT. Limited Governments: Constitutions are new. Voting is MANDATORY Constitutions, statements of rights, or other laws define the limits of those in power. EXAMPLES OF GOVERNMENT. Unlimited Governments:

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EXAMPLES OF GOVERNMENT

Limited Governments:

Constitutions are new.

Voting is MANDATORY

Constitutions, statements of rights, or other laws define the limits of those in power.

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EXAMPLES OF GOVERNMENT

Unlimited Governments:

Control placed solely with the ruler.

No limits imposed on the rulers authority.

History Examples:

Dirty War

Brazil’s Military Dictatorship

Peru’s Auto-coup

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Argentina’s Dirty War (1976-1983):

Opponents of the government as well as innocent people, "disappeared" in the middle of the night.

They were taken to secret government detention centers where they were tortured and eventually killed.

It ended in December 1983 when a civilian government took over the military dictatorship.

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Brazil’s Military Dictatorship (1964-1985):

1964 - the army took power and implemented an institutional act to punish anybody who posed a potential threat to the regime.

After 21 years of military dictatorship, the military peacefully handed over power to civilian president Tancredo Neves, elected by the National Congress.

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Peru’s Auto-coup (1990-2000):

Credited with uprooting terrorism

Formed stability, though his methods have drawn charges of authoritarianism

Authoritarianism is a form of government opposed to individualism and democracy.

Charged with violating human rights and found guilty.

Fujimori

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Governments with Rule by One, Few, or Many

  • Rule by one – Monarchy or Dictatorship
  • Single ruler controls government and claims the responsibilities.
  • People do not decide who will rule
  • Unlimited Government
  • South America’s Past
  • Rule by few – Oligarchy
  • Ruled by a small number of people
  • This occurs when a group seizes power after an overthrow.
  • New rulers constitute a junta
  • Committee of Military leaders who run the government.
  • Usually Unlimited Government
  • Rule by many – Republic or Democracy
  • Limited Government
  • South America today (Examples: Brazil, Argentina, Peru)
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Reasons For Limiting the Power of Government

Eliminate torture.

Argentina’s Dirty War

Eliminate dictatorships

Secure Human Rights

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Human Rights Abuses by Government

Human Rights – inherit to all human beings, without distinction as to race, color, gender, language, religion, political, or other opinions, property, or birth.

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Human Rights Abuses by Government

Governments abuse human rights when they directly engage or turn a deaf ear to violators within their borders.

Torture or disappearance

Censorship of the press

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