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Developing A Knowledge Based Economy. Bitange Ndemo , PhD. Honorary Chair Alliance for Affordable Internet Today’s Agenda . A4AI and how it relates to the knowledge economy Mission and w hy a ffordability is Important? Focus on Policy and Regulation

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Developing a knowledge based economy

Developing A Knowledge Based Economy

BitangeNdemo, PhD.

Honorary Chair

Alliance for Affordable Internet

Today s agenda

Today’s Agenda

  • A4AI and how it relates to the knowledge economy

    • Mission and why affordability is Important?

    • Focus on Policy and Regulation

    • Global Sponsors

    • Other Organizations

  • Role of global/regional connectivity

  • Strategy and policy

  • Drivers of transition to knowledge economy

  • Pillars of a knowledge economy

  • Role of innovation hubs

Who is a4ai

Who is a4ai?

A4ai mission

A4AI: Mission

Meet UN Broadband Commission Broadband Target of entry-level broadband services priced at less than 5% of average monthly income.


  • Enabling the next two billion users to come online (with a particular focus on low-income countries)

  • Raising Internet penetration rates to least 40% in all countries

A clear focus on policy and regulation

A clear focus on policy and regulation…

Strength in diversity

Strength in diversity…

Global sponsors

Private sector

Strength in diversity1

Strength in diversity…

Public Sector / Academia

Civil Society / Foundations

Strength in diversity2

Strength in diversity…

Local partners

All committed to best practices

All committed to best practices…

  • All of these 50+ organisations have signed up to promote, support and implement agreed best practices to drive down price of access

  • Practices designed to ensure open, competitive market and lower cost structures for industry.

  • Includes areas of focus such as infrastructure sharing, taxation, open access and spectrum management.

Connectivity for a knowledge economy


What we know to be true

What we know to be true?

Developing a knowledge based economy





Africa Connectivity


























National optical fiber backbone infrastructure nofbi

National Optical Fiber Backbone Infrastructure (NOFBI)

The strategy for a knowledge economy

The strategy for a knowledge economy

  • Reducing Cost of Access

    - Hardware

    - Software (Global Licenses, Open Source)

  • Connectivity(urban fibre optic, Last mile)Digitization (records, payments, Cadastral Survey)OutsourcingRural Enterprise (Digital Villages)Open Data

The policy

The Policy

  • Universal Access;

  • Fair Regulation;

  • Re-investing ICT resources into ICT projects;

  • Rationalized Resource Utilization, Education, Health and agriculture;

  • Electronic Records; and

  • Cyber crime etc.

Major demographic shifts

Major demographic shifts

Demographic shifts affect the government workforce skill levels and expectations for workplace services and technologies.

  • Increase in brain-drain as Kenyans seek for opportunities elsewhere

  • More than 70% below age of 35, yet Government workforce is older

  • Members of the younger net generation coming into the workforce have greater expectations of technology availability and automation

Unprecedented pressure on organizational performance

Unprecedented Pressure on Organizational Performance

These factors converge to create an increasingly challenging environment

Falling revenues

  • More…

Adapting to Technology Innovation

Major demographic shifts

  • …data

  • …risk

  • …complexity

  • …pressure for change

Rising Citizen Demands

Rising citizens demands

Rising citizens demands

Citizens expect more transparency, ease and quality of service, accountability and government efficiencies


Transition to e-governance

Increasing citizen expectations: Citizens demand more flexible, personalized public services

  • Government-wide collaboration around outcomes

  • Flexible and tailored service delivery strategies

  • Technology-enabled citizen participation

  • Open, transparent and accountable government

Social media revolution: Citizens can engage with government as never before

Increasing citizen participation: Citizens are no longer content to be passive consumers of services

Four pillars of the knowledge economy

Four pillars of the knowledge economy

The World Bank identified the following four pillars as critical requisites for a country to be able to fully participate in the knowledge economy:

  • Education & Training

  • Information Infrastructure

  • Economic Incentive & Institutional Regime

  • Innovation Systems

Education training

Education & Training

  • An educated and skilled population is needed to create, share and use knowledge.

Kids working together on a computer in Haiti. Source: A4AI member Inveneo

Information infrastructure

Information Infrastructure

  • A dynamic information infrastructure-ranging from radio to the internet-is required to facilitate the effective communication, dissemination and processing of information.

Photo by A4AI member, Intel

Economic incentive institutional regime

Economic Incentive & Institutional Regime

  • A regulatory and economic environment that enables the free flow of knowledge, supports investment in Information and Communications Technology (ICT), and encourages entrepreneurship is central to the knowledge economy.

Picture by A4AI member World Pulse

Innovative systems

Innovative systems

A network of research centers, universities, think tanks, private enterprises and community groups is necessary to tap into the growing stock of global knowledge, assimilate and adapt it to local needs, and create new knowledge.

Photo by A4AI’s member The Grameen Foundation



  • Investment in ICT infrastructure;

  • Automation to enable sharing and distribution of knowledge;

  • Regulatory and policy interventions on affordability and access to ICT resources; and

  • The triple Helix – Partnerships between the Government, Private sector and Universities to foster innovation

Thank you

Thank you!

BitangeNdemo, PhD.

Honorary Chair

Alliance for Affordable Internet


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