Chapter 25
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Chapter 25. Sri Lanka and the Maldives. History of the Islands. Two ethnic groups of ancient Sri Lanka Tamils Sinhalese Violence in the 20 th century tensions between Tamils and Sinhalese led to civil war in the 1980s continues to erupt there today

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Chapter 25

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Chapter 25

Chapter 25

Sri Lanka and the Maldives


History of the islands

History of the Islands

  • Two ethnic groups of ancient Sri Lanka

    • Tamils

    • Sinhalese

  • Violence in the 20th century

    • tensions between Tamils and Sinhalese led to civil war in the 1980s

    • continues to erupt there today

  • Maldives settlement – Buddhists and Hindus from Sri Lanka and India

  • Maldives religion – adopted Islam by 12th century


Pictures from the maldives

Pictures from the Maldives

Vihamanaafushi Island, Kaafu Atoll, Maldives

http:[email protected]/372383801/

Turtle farming

http://www.flickr.com/photos/entropy1138/269748076/


Life in the islands

Life in the Islands

  • “Ethnic Mosaics” – both countries have multi-ethnic populations

  • Effects of religion on island life

    • Hinduism and Buddhism influence Sri Lanka art and literature

    • Islam – Maldives’ state religion, strong cultural influence

  • Bodu Beru – traditional Maldivian form of music and dance based on drumming


Pictures from sri lanka

Pictures from Sri Lanka

http://srilanka.tourism-asia.net/gifs/people-of-sri-lanka.jpg

http://www.directline-holidays.co.uk/uploadImages/SriLanka.jpg

http://www.flickr.com/photos/babasteve/544102364/

http://www.flickr.com/photos/bigbearbard/269492450/

http://www.allesueberreisen.com/sri_lanka/

http:[email protected]/306519567/


Economic activity in the islands

Economic Activity in the Islands

  • Sri Lanka economy base

    • Rice farming

    • Crops raised on plantations for export (tea, rubber, coconuts)

    • Gem mining

  • Sri Lanka tourist industry collapsed in civil war

  • Maldives economy differs from others in region

    • Lack of land limits farming

    • Most food must be imported

  • Economic challenges

    • Sri Lanka – civil unrest, decline of plantation agriculture, deforestation

    • The Maldives – threat of flooding caused by global warming


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