Psychology 317 Chapter 13. Psychotherapeutic Medications. Psychotherapeutic Medications. Psychotherapeutic medications are prescribed to relieve the symptoms of the mentally ill and to improve their functioning.
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In 1840 Jacques-Joseph Moreau (Paris Hospital) theorize that mental illness could be treated with drugs that produced similar but controllable symptoms.
He experimented with cannabis as treatment for depression and mania in mid 1800s. He found it made depressed happy and manic calm/relaxed.
During first half of 1900s amphetamine was used to treat depression and narcolepsy; carbon dioxide to treat psychotic and neurotic diseases, psychosurgery, insulin and antihistamine shock to treat psychosis; and ECT/EST to treat depression.
Processes by which they do so are : binding to receptors, agonists, antagonists, release neurotransmitter, block reuptake, change number of receptor sites, or sensitivity of receptors, alter metabolism of ns, and enzyme degradation of ns.