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2009 Year Taxation & Superannuation Planning. Terry McMaster McMasters’ Accountants, Solicitors and Financial Planners www.mcmasters.com.au. McMasters’ Golden Rules. Get the structure right Get the tax planning right Eliminate non-deductible debt Pay maximum super contributions

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Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

2009 Year Taxation &

Superannuation Planning

Terry McMaster

McMasters’ Accountants, Solicitors and Financial Planners www.mcmasters.com.au


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

McMasters’ Golden Rules

  • Get the structure right

  • Get the tax planning right

  • Eliminate non-deductible debt

  • Pay maximum super contributions

  • Get the super planning right

  • The best investment is your practice

  • Invest passively in low risk, low cost, commission free investments

  • Use debt carefully

  • Never trust anyone rewarded by a commission

  • Never touch a tax scheme

  • Never let anyone else control your money

  • Work shorter for longer

  • Take lots of holidays


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

My Goal Today

  • To present a technically competent presentation on financial planning for doctors in terms all attendees can understand and relate to

  • To improve each attendee’s understanding of financial planning for doctors

  • To allow each attendee to take away at least one specific recommendation that will immediately improve their financial profile

  • To allow each attendee to take away at least one specific recommendation that will immediately improve their taxation profile


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Further Reading

  • Temporary access to www.mcmasters.com.au through user name albury123 and password albury123

  • Everything in presentation is linked back to detailed manuals explanations and case studies on www.mcmasters.com.au

  • Contact Terry McMaster on [email protected] or 9583 6533 if any specific assistance or further information is needed


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Structure

  • Trust based structures are best:

    • Cheap and easy to set up and run

    • Legitimate deferral of tax

    • Amenable to all tax planning strategies

    • Particularly amenable to debt conversion strategies

    • Access to concessionally taxed fringe benefits, particularly cars

    • No payroll tax or other employment on-costs

    • Amenable to inter-generational financial planning strategies

  • Hybrid trusts for group practices

  • Discretionary trusts for solo practices that are businesses

  • PSI trusts for other solo practices

    Website References:

    The McMasters’ Way: Legal Structures

    Dollar Notes 15th January 2006: The use of practice trusts by large practices

    Dollar Notes 26th April 2006: Practice trusts for personal services income practices


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Best structure for a solo practice that

is a business


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Best structure for a group practice that

is a business


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Best structure for a solo practice that

is not a business


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Debt conversion strategy


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

The main tax planning issues

  • Deductions for interest (as per slide 6)

  • Correct use of family trusts

    • $3,000 under age 18 threshold in 2009 and beyond

    • Distributions outside the immediate family

    • Distributions to investment companies owned by trusts

  • Deductions for multiple company cars

  • Deductions for overseas travel

  • Employing relatives:

    • Spouse, children under age 18, parents

  • Large deductible Superannuation contributions:

    • Gearing

    • Doctor, spouse, parents, children

    • Family tax assistance? (stops 1 July 2009)

      Website References

      The McMasters’ Way: Tax Planning

      Tax Planning for Doctors and Dentists

      The McMasters’ Way: Superannuation Planning

      www.mcmasterssuper.com.au


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Superannuation planning: the idea

  • Simple Super is great

  • LDCs are mandatory. Up to $200,000 for a couple over age 50

  • Tax benefits up to $63,000 cash a year

  • Very little tax paid on investment earnings

  • No tax on benefits after age 50

  • Height, stability and scalability of income and borrowing ability means all doctors should maximise DCs each year

    References:

    www.mcmasterssuper.com.au


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Superannuation planning:

the techniques

  • Superannuate maximum amount each year:

    • $50,000 up to age 50,

    • $100,000 otherwise

    • Double if you are married: no limit on quantum of spouse contribution once spouse established as an employee for superannuation purposes

    • Benefits of up to $63,000 a year [ie $200,000 times (46.5% less 15%)]

  • Planning ideas:

    • LDC for doctor

    • LDC for spouse

    • LDC for parents

    • LDC for children (?)

    • Gearing

    • Family tax assistance? (stops 1 July 2009)

    • Spouse transfer

    • TTRP at age 55 with salary sacrifice

    • TTRP at age 60 with salary sacrifice

    • Double trap

    • Early trap

      References

      The McMasters’ Way: Superannuation Planning

      www.mcmasters.com.au


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Issues for Rural Doctors

  • Incomes are higher than in metropolitan areas

  • But hours are longer too

  • Living costs are lower until private secondary school fees start

  • Use practice nurses to qualify as businesses

  • Use trust based structures, investment companies and self-managed super funds for investment purposes

  • Invest in metropolitan real estate, ie city homes for country doctors

  • Passive investment strategies based on commission free investments and dollar cost averaging principles


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Inter-generational financial

planning techniques

  • A growing issue effecting many doctors that opens up powerful planning opportunities

  • Upwards support, downwards support, or both

  • Special case: disabled children

  • Ideas include

    • Employing parents and/or children, as employees and/or directors

    • Superannuating parents or children

    • Superannuation co-contribution

    • Company cars

    • Trust distributions to low tax rate family members

    • Non-concessional contributions for older parents

    • Guarantee parental loans for DIY reverse mortgage

    • Rent homes to parents/adult children

    • Loss making businesses in doctor’s name

      References

      McMasters’ Intergenerational Financial Planning

      McMasters’ Financial Planning for Foreign Trained Doctors


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

City homes for country doctors

Example based on client from mid-north Victoria

  • Bought rental property in Fitzroy in 1983

  • Classic negatively geared property in eighties

  • Eldest child moved in at uni 1990: classic student household next ten years with tax free board paid to his three kids by un-related house sharers

  • Then three kids lived there rent free as young professionals, and bought their own homes as rental properties

  • Now lived in by clients as their Melbourne home: have moved to be near the grandchildren

  • Wonderful appreciation, and great tax benefits

  • The same thing will happen over the next thirty years


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Retirement Planning: The Problem

  • Burn out is a real issue amongst older doctors, particularly male doctors in rural areas

  • At age 40 most doctors have already done more than a “normal” working life

  • High pressure

  • Health problems

  • High morbidity rates

  • Marital stress


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Work intensity

Client’s current projected work pattern

Our preferred projected work pattern

Superannuation planning: the solution

Start early and never stop


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Superannuation planning: the solution

  • Start early and never stop

  • Live longer

  • Have more fun

  • Do more good

  • Make more money

  • Pay less tax

  • And if you die, even better


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

BEP

Facilitating Gradual Retirement

  • Hard for solo doctors or others with fixed costs.

  • Profit falls more than proportionately to hours


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Retirement planning

Solution for solo doctors?

  • Sell your practice

  • Amalgamate your practice and negotiate a lower management fee on own patients and reducing hours

  • ensure continuity of care

  • CGT exemptions on surgery

  • If all else fails, abandon your practice and go somewhere else


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

The good news

  • Serious shortage of GPs right around Australia

  • Most practices are desperate for assistance

  • Age is not an issue if you are a GP

  • You are interviewing them, they are not interviewing you, and will be flexible on working hours and related issues

  • No reason why any doctor in good health cannot start to retire at age 55 and finish at age 75, earning a very high income in a very tax efficient form each year


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Tax planning for a 55 year old GP

(See financial planning for older doctors on www.mcmasters.com.au)

Dr John is a married 61 year old part time GP with $200,000 of practice income, and $100,000 of investment income comprising an unrealised capital gain of $30,000 on his home, an unrealised capital gain of $20,000 on his practice premises and $50,000 of dividends in his self-managed super fund.Dr John’s tax profile looks like:


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Dr John’s tax profile


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Why we like index funds

Being average is good.

Most professional investors do not achieve the average.

No commissions.

Management fees only 0.35% due to lower cost structure

No need to waste time learning about investments

Work well with dollar cost averaging

A small parcel of blue chips shares from the ASX top 20 will perform the same way

Warren Buffet agrees with us (which may be reassuring)


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Why we recommend doctors maximise super contributions each year

  • Government sanctioned tax haven

  • Tax benefits of up to $63,000 cash a year

  • Get the super snowball rolling as big and as fast as possible and as young as possible

  • SMSF = a concessionally tax investment vehicle with an average tax on earnings less than 5% per annum

  • Doctors have high, stable, long and scalable incomes

  • Doctors have significant borrowing abilities if something does go wrong

  • Makes sense to not pay off debt until super contributions are maximised

  • On its own will make every client a wealthy person


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Superannuation, debt, dollar cost averaging and index funds


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

Why we like SMSFs

  • Doctors control their own investment strategies

  • Low costs: as low as $600 per annum irrespective of amount of benefits invested

  • No commissions

  • No hidden fees and costs

  • Amenable to our tax planning and financial planning strategies

  • Control over trustee decisions

  • No risk you will wake up to find your money has gone

  • No need for expensive software and investment portfolio management systems

  • Part of our KIS principle


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

McMasters’ approach to doctors’ insurances

  • McMasters’ Commission Rebate Scheme means clients pay the lowest possible cost

  • First year commissions greater than first year premiums

  • Do not over-insure: its a bet you will probably lose (unless there is something you are not telling us)

  • Usually there is no need for trauma or TPD insurance

  • All premiums should be tax deductible

  • Consider a 90 day waiting period on income protection insurance

  • Consider no-medical universal life cover through low cost industry super funds including Health Super and HESTA

  • Do not cancel an insurance policy until you know a new policy is in place or you are 100% satisfied you do not need the insurance


Terry mcmaster mcmasters accountants solicitors and financial planners mcmasters au

McMasters’ Approach to Doctors’ Finance

  • No commissions

  • Minimise the interest rate

  • Maximise deductibility

  • Minimise after tax costs of interest

  • Avoid expensive and tax in-efficient forms of finance, particularly hire purchase, leases and chattel mortgages

  • Avoid credit card interest: use automatic payment options

  • Arrange two separate lines of credit, one for business/investment purposes (deductible) and one for private purposes (non-deductible)

  • Borrow to pay costs where interest is deductible, such as deductible interest, taxation, employer superannuation contributions, personal deductible costs

  • Use extra cash flow to pay off expensive non-deductible loans

  • Consolidate loans wherever possible

  • Keep it as simple as possible


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