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OASES . GREEN AREAS FED BY UNDERGROUND WATER. . Arabian Tribes. To survive, Arabs organized into tribes. The leader of the tribe was called a SHEIKH. Bedouins: were desert hearders that went to oasis to oasis. They lived in tents and ate dried fruits and nuts. They rarely ate meat. .

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Oases

OASES

GREEN AREAS FED BY UNDERGROUND WATER.


Arabian tribes
Arabian Tribes

  • To survive, Arabs organized into tribes. The leader of the tribe was called a SHEIKH.

  • Bedouins: were desert hearders that went to oasis to oasis. They lived in tents and ate dried fruits and nuts.

  • They rarely ate meat.


Traveling together
Traveling together

  • Arabs would travel in groups to fend off attacks by the bedouins.

  • This is called a CARAVAN…….

  • Makkah also known as MECCA became the largest and richest of all towns.


Mecca
Mecca

  • Mecca is the holiest city in Arabia.

  • KAABA is

  • In the middle of Makkah or Mecca was a low square building surrounded by statues of gods and godesses.


Arab beliefs
Arab Beliefs

  • They believed that the rock inside the Kabba was from heaven.

  • Arabs worshiped ALLAH


Muhammad
Muhammad

  • Was an orphan raised by an uncle.

  • He went into the mountains to pray.

  • And Angel appeared to him and told him to preach islam and to surrender to the will of ALLAH

  • ALLAH IS THE ARABIC WORD FOR GOD


Muhammad s followers
Muhammad’s followers

  • Only Muhammad's family followed his belief at first.

  • Soon the poor started following him bc he believed the rich should share with the poor.

  • The rich and religious leaders didn’t believe his message and his followers began to get BEAT>>>>


Muhammad leaves mecca
Muhammad leaves MECCA

  • He leaves Mecca with his followers and moves north to Yathrib.

  • The welcome him. The trip that they took north was called the Hijrah….

  • Hijrah means “breaking off relations”


Yathrib s city
Yathrib’s city

  • Yathribs city was renamed Madinah…Which means “the city of the Prophet”

  • Muhammad created an Islamic state: this is a government that uses its political power to uphold Islam.