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Motivational Processes and Practices in Accelerated Ab Initio Language Learning. Ulrike Bavendiek. Content. Ab initio language learning at Liverpool Accelerated language learning Motivation in accelerated language learning specific characteristics of the ab initio learning situation

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motivational processes and practices in accelerated ab initio language learning

Motivational Processes and Practices in Accelerated Ab Initio Language Learning

Ulrike Bavendiek

content
Content
  • Ab initio language learning at Liverpool
  • Accelerated language learning
  • Motivation in accelerated language learning
    • specific characteristics of the ab initio learning situation
  • The study
  • Two case studies
  • Results and discussion
ab initio language learning at liverpool
Ab initio language learning at Liverpool
  • Languages that can be studied ab initio on a language degree programme: Catalan, Basque, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish
  • 4 contact hours/week in years 1 and 2
  • At least one semester of the YA spent in the ab initio language community
  • All ab-initio have at least one A level (A) in another language
  • Modern European Languages/Joined Honours/Combined Honours
  • Slightly different arrangements for the individual languages
accelerated language learning
Accelerated language learning
  • Ab initio students have to meet the same benchmarking standards as their post A level peers in the final year
  • Students have to reach a high proficiency level in a very short time, ideally up to B2 (A level standard) in one year
motivation in accelerated language learning
Motivation in accelerated language learning
  • Motivation influences learning behaviour
  • Motivation is dynamic, i.e. it changes over time

-(initial vs. sustaining motivation)

  • A variety of factors influence motivation

factors include

- personal traits, characteristics and skills

- situational stimuli

personal traits characteristics and skills
Personal traits, characteristics and skills
  • Needs, wishes, expectations, dreams….
  • Reasons for studying the language
  • Perception of failure and success
  • Learning strategies (knowing how to do it)
situational stimuli
Situational stimuli
  • Atmosphere in class
  • Classroom practices and pedagogies
  • Promoting independence and strategy use
  • Assessment practices
  • Expectations of teachers, family, friends
slide8

[I]t is difficult to pin down just how situations are important, in part because of the common but unilluminating practice of assigning “the situation” responsibility for all the behavioral variance not accounted for by a particular personal trait, without specifying what aspects of the situation are psychologically essential. There is a good deal of confusion concerning how situations should be conceptualized.

Funder 2006:27 (in Dörnyei 2009:237)

the study
The study

Two parts:

  • Exploratory study: Informal, open-ended interviews with four students and discussion with three teachers with the aim of identifying themes
  • -58 statements extracted from the exploratory study as stimulus items

-nine students sorted the statements, from +5 (most strongly agree) to -5 (most strongly disagree)

the study ii
The study II

Items were sorted according to a normal distribution pattern

(fewer items for the more extreme positions).

results
Results
  • Differences in confidence in ab initio language learning seem to be based on different perceptions of difficulty, control and success/perceived progression
  • There are no obvious differences in the students’ motivational dispositions that could indicate the different perceptions
  • There are
references
References

Dörnyei, Z. (2009) ‘Individual Differences: Interplay of learner characteristics and learning environment’ Language Learning, 59 (SUPP 1), 230-248.

Funder, D.C. (2006) ‘Towards a Resolution of the Personality Triad: Persons, situations, and behaviours’ Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 21-34.

Internet sources:

Bavendiek, U. (2011)Motivational Processes and Practices in Accelerated Ab-initio Language Learning

http://www.llas.ac.uk/ab-initio2 (last accessed 1/07/2012)

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