The Bureaucracy and the Courts. Institutions of Government. The Federal Bureaucracy. Bureaucracy = hierarchical structure that uses task specialization, operates on the merit principle, and behaves with impersonality Fourth Branch of Government (Executive Branch)
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The Bureaucracy and the Courts
Institutions of Government
1. Cabinet/Executive Departments
2. Government Corporations
3. Independent Regulatory Commissions
4. Independent Executive Agencies
1. Implementation: translating the goals of a policy to an operational program, Congress announces goals in broad terms the bureaucracy works out the details
2. Regulation: Use of government authority to control or change some practice in the private sector – quasi- judicial hearings for those in violation – administrative adjudication
(i.e. - Commerce Committee, NLRB, and AFL)
Movement towards deregulation – lifting government restrictions on business, industry, and the professions – Reagan 1980s- Savings and Loans Crisis, George W. Bush 43 – 2007 – Real Estate Market Collapse
Problem with both implementation and regulation: Bureaucrats are not elected and yet do the most actual governing - but who else could?
C - 1988
Ruth Bader Ginsberg