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How long?. Rosa Parks. CRT and Culture. What happens when we look at curriculum, instruction, and learning through the lens of race and/or culture?. Curriculum, Instruction, Learning. Is our current way of looking at curriculum, instruction, and learning the only way to look at curriculum…?

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How long?

Rosa Parks


Crt and culture

CRT and Culture

What happens when we look at curriculum, instruction, and learning through the lens of race and/or culture?


Curriculum instruction learning
Curriculum, Instruction, Learning

  • Is our current way of looking at curriculum, instruction, and learning the only way to look at curriculum…?

  • What happens when we look at curriculum… through the lens of race and/or culture?

  • (e.g., Chan, Valenzuela; Ladonson-Billings & Tate 1195; Love, 2004; Horsford, 2010, Ross & Chan, 2008; Sack, 2008)


Critical race theory crt
Critical Race Theory (CRT)

  • CRT looks at curriculum through the lens of race (and only race).

  • “We attempt to theorize race and use it as an analytic tool for understanding inequity” (Ladson-Billings & Tate, 1995, p. 47).

  • But why?


Why?

  • There is inequity and race is a significant factor; there is racism.

  • Class and gender based explanations are not powerful enough to explain all of the difference (or variance) in school experience and performance.

  • Example: Examination of class and gender, taken alone or together, do not account for the extraordinarily high rates of school dropout, suspension, expulsion, and failure among African-American and Latino males.

    ~Essentially direct quotes from Ladson-Billings & Tate, p. 51


Why?

  • ~The same educational process which inspires and stimulates the oppressor with the thought that he is everything and has accomplished everything worthwhile, depresses and crushes at the same time the spark of genius in the Negro by making him fell that his race does not amount to much and never will measure up to the stands of other peoples.~

    -Woodrow Wilson as presented by Ladson-Billings & Tate, p. 51


Why?

  • To help teachers change their practice to better serve students of color and to attempt to address negative perceptions of people of color by sharing their stories of triumph and failure.

  • -Excerpt from class notes.


Agenda
Agenda

  • What happens when we look at curriculum, instruction, and learning through the lens of race and/or culture?

  • First: “Use race as an analytic tool for understanding inequality” (Ladson-Billings & Tate, p. 47)

  • Use storytelling to look at inequities, reasons for inequities, and “solutions”

    • Differences in Achievement

      • Students of Color – White Students

      • U.S.-Born Mexican Americans – Immigrants (Sequin High School)

      • reasons for inequities, and “solutions”


Excerpt from Valenzuela’s Subtractive Schooling…

-large (3,000+)

-inner-city

-Houston

http://www.seguin.k12.tx.us/default.aspx?name=schools.seguinhigh

-virtually all Mexican and generationally diverse (45 percent immigrant and 55 percent U.S. born)

-Teachers: predominantly non-Latino (81 percent)

-In 1992, a full quarter of the freshman class repeated the grade for at least a second time…

-Between 1,2000 and 1,500 students enter the 9th grade each year and only 400 to 500 students graduate in any given year.

pp. 336-337


NC Report Card 2008-2010 (1 School):

Percentage who passed BOTH the reading and math tests. Typically students score lower in reading…

White: 86.3 Black: 33.3 Hispanic: 28.3


So…

  • Does race matter?


References not on moodle or syllabus
References (Not on Moodle or Syllabus)

  • Horsford, S. (2010). Mixed feelings about mixed schools: Superintendents on the complex legacy of school desegregation. Educational Administration Quarterly, 46(3), 287-321.

  • Ladson-Billings, G. & Tate, W. (1995). Toward a critical race theory of education. Teachers College Record, 91(1), 48-68.

  • Love, B. (2004). Brown plus 50 counter-storytelling: A critical race theory analysis of the “Majoritarian Achievement Gap” story. Equity & Practice in Education, 37, 227-246.

  • Ross, V. & Chan, E. (2008). Multicultural education: Raj’s story using a curricular conceptual lens of the particular. Teaching and Teacher Education, 24, 1705-1716.

  • Sack (2008).


Dr manfra s slides

Dr. Manfra’s Slides:


Critical race theory crt1
Critical Race Theory (CRT)

  • Basis in legal studies

  • Racism is “endemic and deeply ingrained in American life”

  • Racism is “culturally sanctioned beliefs which, regardless of the intentions involved, defend the advantages Whites have because of the subordinated positions of racial minorities”

  • Race is culturally constructed


CRT

  • Emancipatory research linked to radical action

  • Race-based epistemological lens (rather than other theories that focus first on class, gender, etc)

  • Critical of colorblindness and stereotypes

  • Research method: counterstories or portraiture

  • “naming-one’s-reality theme of critical race theory”


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