Economics
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

Economics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 78 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Economics. Introduction. Alfred A. Knopf. An economist is a man who states the obvious in terms of the incomprehensible. Laurence J. Peter. An economist is an expert who will know tomorrow why the things he predicted yesterday didn’t happen today. Adam Smith.

Download Presentation

Economics

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Economics

Economics

Introduction


Alfred a knopf

Alfred A. Knopf

An economist is a man who states the obvious in terms of the incomprehensible.


Laurence j peter

Laurence J. Peter

An economist is an expert who will know tomorrow why the things he predicted yesterday didn’t happen today.


Adam smith

Adam Smith

He generally, indeed, neither intends to promote the public interest, nor knows how much he is promoting it. By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was no part of his intention. Nor is it always the worse for the society that it was not part of it. By pursuing his own interest he frequently promotes that of the society more effectually than when he really intends to promote it.


Microeconomics

Microeconomics

. . . a branch of economics that studies the behavior of individual households and firms in making decisions on the allocation of limited resources.

. . . examines how these decisions and behaviors affect the supply and demand for goods and services, which determines prices, and how prices, in turn, determine the quantity supplied and quantity demanded of goods and services.


Macroeconomics

macroeconomics

. . . a branch of economics dealing with the performance, structure, behavior, and decision-making of an economy as a whole, rather than individual markets.

. . . includes national, regional, and global economies.


Objective

Objective

  • to understand the costs and benefits involved in decision making

  • to apply a production possibilities model to a complex national problem


Economics

The study of economics is . . .


Concepts

Concepts

  • Scarcity –

    • Insufficiency of amount or supply; shortage: a scarcity of food that was caused by drought.

  • Trade-Off –

    • An exchange of one thing in return for another, especially relinquishment of one benefit or advantage for another regarded as more desirable: "a fundamental trade-off between capitalist prosperity and economic security"(David A. Stockman).

  • Opportunity Cost –

    • the loss of potential gain from other alternatives when one alternative is chosen "idle cash balances represent an opportunity cost in terms of lost interest"


Scarcity

Scarcity


Trade off

Trade-Off


Opportunity cost

Opportunity Cost


Economics

Summer vacation is around the corner. You have plans to

relax, hang out in your neighborhood, and have some fun.

Yesterday, you were talking to a friend who caused you to

pause and reconsider. Your friend invited you to spend

four days at the beach. Transportation would be included,

but it would probably cost you about $60 each day for food

and entertainment. This is not a bad deal, but you are

saving for college and $240 will put a dent in your college

fund. Next, your grandmother offered you a job painting

her five-room house. She will pay you $300, but the job

will take at least four days, and she wants you to start on

the same day you might have left for the beach.

What will you decide to do?


How might you choose to use your resources

how might you choose to use your resources?

  • Possibility One ?

    • advantages ?

    • opportunity cost?

  • Possibility Two?

    • advantages ?

    • opportunity cost?

  • Possibility Three?

    • advantages ?

    • opportunity cost?


Choices

choices

  • Which option would be your preferred choice?

  • Would your friends have made the same choice as you? Why or why not?


New scenario

New Scenario

A firm estimated that it would have to invest $500,000 in order to produce hand-held personal listening devices. Production costs would add another $200,000 per year. The firm estimates that it could sell about $225,000 worth of these devices each year.

Would it pay the firm to manufacture the devices? Distinguish between the short-run and long-run.

Discuss with your neighbor.


Production possibilities curve

production possibilities curve

. . . a graph that compares the production rates of two commodities that use the same fixed total of the factors of production. Graphically bounding

the production set, the PPF curve

shows the maximum specified

production level of one commodity

that results given the production

level of the other.


  • Login