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Who’s In Congress. A Look at Demographics of the 113 th Congress Chapter 13, pp. 325-330, CT Packet & Handout from CQ. Race & Gender. Number has Increased slowly since 1992. Can you point to a factor as to why?

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Who s in congress

Who’s In Congress

A Look at Demographics of the 113th Congress

Chapter 13, pp. 325-330, CT Packet & Handout from CQ


Race gender
Race & Gender

  • Number has Increased slowly since 1992. Can you point to a factor as to why?

  • Study your homework sheet. What do you notice about party politics of minorities in general? Why do you think minorities increased in the 113th Congress?

  • Let’s discuss your homework by trends:



89 th congress 1965 66
89th Congress1965-66

113th Congress

2013-2014


Race in congress then now
Race in Congress: Then & Now

Race in Congress Chart


Religious diversity
Religious Diversity

56%


Incumbency
Incumbency

  • Define term.

  • 1989 saw smallest freshman class at 6% &1993 saw the largest in nearly 50 years with 39%. 2011 & 2013 by comparison had a freshman class of 20%.

  • Check & grade handouts.


Incumbency1
Incumbency

  • Is a constitutional amendment needed?

  • Let’s start with the “NO” position

    • Redistricting in 1990s

    • Scandals of 1990s

    • Blue Dog Democrats became Republicans

      • Walter Jones is GREAT example!

  • Now, the “YES” position…

  • More safe than marginal districts now

    • Define terms


Safe vs marginal
Safe vs. Marginal

  • NC US District 3 is a great example of safe district


Why so many safe districts
Why so many safe districts?

  • Name Recognition

    • Publicity in media

    • Famous fathers

  • Franking Privilege

    • Define

  • Free Travel

  • Gerrymandered districts

  • Pork Barrel Legislation

    • Discuss earmark projects


Party comparisons
Party Comparisons

  • Democrats have controlled Congress more often since 1933:

    • 27 times controlled BOTH houses (2009/111th most recent)

    • 32 times controlled ONE house (2013/113th still control Senate)

    • Discuss current Congress with sheet.


Why is congress democrat dominated
Why is Congress Democrat Dominated?

  • Gerrymandering

    • Debate how NC changed in 2011.

  • Has NC shifted to Republican control?

    • Yes-NCGA Republican takeover 2011

    • Yes-Currituck Co. Republican takeover

    • Maybe-NC was Blue in ’08/Red in ‘12

    • Maybe-NC executive branch has Democrats in elected offices-Gov. is Rep.


Party problems
Party Problems

  • Democrats are more ideologically divided, but Tea Party has fractured Republicans

  • Many Southern Democrats have switched to Republican Party

    • WBJ, Jr. is example: WBJ, Sr. was Democrat

  • Both Parties seem to be moving to the ideological extreme

    • What is the cause of the extremism?

    • How have budget fights highlighted this?


How has congress changed in the past 50 years
How has Congress changed in the past 50 years?

  • Interview with Senator Dorgan

    http://loufreyinstitute.org/civicsconnection/conversations/1/11

  • Is Congress broken?

    http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=50134480n

  • What commonalities exist in the 2 videos?

    • What can be done to “fix” Congress?

    • Are there any benefits to the current state of Congress?


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