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Who’s In Congress. A Look at Demographics of the 113 th Congress Chapter 13, pp. 325-330, CT Packet & Handout from CQ. Race & Gender. Number has Increased slowly since 1992. Can you point to a factor as to why?

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who s in congress

Who’s In Congress

A Look at Demographics of the 113th Congress

Chapter 13, pp. 325-330, CT Packet & Handout from CQ

race gender
Race & Gender
  • Number has Increased slowly since 1992. Can you point to a factor as to why?
  • Study your homework sheet. What do you notice about party politics of minorities in general? Why do you think minorities increased in the 113th Congress?
  • Let’s discuss your homework by trends:
89 th congress 1965 66
89th Congress1965-66

113th Congress

2013-2014

race in congress then now
Race in Congress: Then & Now

Race in Congress Chart

incumbency
Incumbency
  • Define term.
  • 1989 saw smallest freshman class at 6% &1993 saw the largest in nearly 50 years with 39%. 2011 & 2013 by comparison had a freshman class of 20%.
  • Check & grade handouts.
incumbency1
Incumbency
  • Is a constitutional amendment needed?
  • Let’s start with the “NO” position
    • Redistricting in 1990s
    • Scandals of 1990s
    • Blue Dog Democrats became Republicans
      • Walter Jones is GREAT example!
  • Now, the “YES” position…
  • More safe than marginal districts now
    • Define terms
safe vs marginal
Safe vs. Marginal
  • NC US District 3 is a great example of safe district
why so many safe districts
Why so many safe districts?
  • Name Recognition
    • Publicity in media
    • Famous fathers
  • Franking Privilege
    • Define
  • Free Travel
  • Gerrymandered districts
  • Pork Barrel Legislation
    • Discuss earmark projects
party comparisons
Party Comparisons
  • Democrats have controlled Congress more often since 1933:
    • 27 times controlled BOTH houses (2009/111th most recent)
    • 32 times controlled ONE house (2013/113th still control Senate)
    • Discuss current Congress with sheet.
why is congress democrat dominated
Why is Congress Democrat Dominated?
  • Gerrymandering
    • Debate how NC changed in 2011.
  • Has NC shifted to Republican control?
    • Yes-NCGA Republican takeover 2011
    • Yes-Currituck Co. Republican takeover
    • Maybe-NC was Blue in ’08/Red in ‘12
    • Maybe-NC executive branch has Democrats in elected offices-Gov. is Rep.
party problems
Party Problems
  • Democrats are more ideologically divided, but Tea Party has fractured Republicans
  • Many Southern Democrats have switched to Republican Party
    • WBJ, Jr. is example: WBJ, Sr. was Democrat
  • Both Parties seem to be moving to the ideological extreme
    • What is the cause of the extremism?
    • How have budget fights highlighted this?
how has congress changed in the past 50 years
How has Congress changed in the past 50 years?
  • Interview with Senator Dorgan

http://loufreyinstitute.org/civicsconnection/conversations/1/11

  • Is Congress broken?

http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=50134480n

  • What commonalities exist in the 2 videos?
    • What can be done to “fix” Congress?
    • Are there any benefits to the current state of Congress?
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