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Mutual Accountability. The PRS approach/ Paris Declaration and the Africa Partnership Forum. Presentation by Fletcher Tembo, WV UK at ODI Workshop on Southern Voices for Change in the International Aid System, held at ODI office, London 15 th November, 2005.

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mutual accountability
Mutual Accountability

The PRS approach/ Paris Declaration and the Africa Partnership Forum

Presentation by Fletcher Tembo, WV UK at ODI Workshop on Southern Voices for Change in the International Aid System, held at ODI office, London

15th November, 2005

Donor Commitments Instruments for Transparency & Enforcement Third Party Assessments

overview
Overview
  • The PRS- Paris Approach
  • Mutual accountability framework (World Vision, UK study)
  • Mutual accountability framework (the World Bank 2005 review of the PRS)
  • Issues/ ways forward
  • The Case of the Africa Partnership Forum/ Africa Peer Review Mechanism
the prs paris declaration approach to mutual accountability
The PRS- Paris Declaration approach to mutual accountability
  • Argument: a) offers a strong signal for country ownership and donor coordination/ harmonisation (b) the pooling effect on donors e.g 4th Pillar in the World Bank’s new Strategic Framework for Assistance to Africa (c) gives a chance to pursue multiple forms of accountability.
mutual accountability definitional issues
Mutual Accountability : definitional issues
  • Mutual accountability
  • “when two or more parties have shared development goals, in which each has legitimate claim that the other is responsible for fulfilling, and where each may be required to explain how they have discharged their responsibilities and be sanctioned if they fail to deliver” DFID’s definition, cited in de Renzio et al, draft paper for this workshop, emphasis mine.

Donor Commitments Instruments for Transparency & Enforcement Third Party Assessments

slide5

Traditional institutions

media

Civil Society

Civil Society

Parliament

Parliament

  • PRS CYCLE
  • - Policy
  • Budget
  • Aid flows
  • Trade strategies

Who ‘owns’ what? Who is accountable to whom?

EXTERNAL CONSTITUENCY

DOMESTIC CONSTITUENCY

Children, women, poor families

media

CITIZENS

Decentralised donor agencies

Private sector

Decentralised govt

DONOR AGENCY

GOVERNMENT

From consultation to influence and accountability

From conditionality

to mutual accountability

Adopted from de Renzio

slide6
(Trade)

Government

Polices,

Programs,

Public actions

Poverty- and results-oriented

Well-implemented

more aid

Participation

predictable

harmonized

aligned

Domestic Constituents

PRSP

External Actors

Institution and capacity building agenda

Analytic Underpinnings

Mutual accountabilitySource: Presentation by Linda Van Gelder and Elliot Harris of WB/IMF, based on 2005 PRS Review

Overview Balancing Accountabilities Scaling Up Results

slide7

links to

budgets

Lack of prioritization and specificity

Conditionality

effective monitoring

Government

Polices,

Programs,

Public actions

Poverty- and results-oriented

Well-implemented

Volume and modalities of assistance

institutionalized

participation:

who, when,

how, what

Limits on policy space

more aid

predictable

harmonized

aligned

Domestic Constituents

PRSP

External Actors

Institution and capacity building agenda

Analytic Underpinnings

Some factors that can tilt the balanceSource: Presentation by Linda Van Gelder and Elliot Harris at WB/IMF annual meetings, based on 2005 PRS Review

Overview Balancing Accountabilities Scaling Up Results

slide8

Greater prioritization and specificity

Greater prioritization and specificity

Aid modalities that support

domestic accountability

Aid modalities that support

domestic accountability

links to

budgets

links to

budgets

Government

Polices,

Programs,

Public actions

Poverty- and results-oriented

Well-implemented

Government

Polices,

Programs,

Public actions

Poverty- and results-oriented

Well-implemented

more aid

more aid

effective monitoring

effective monitoring

predictable

predictable

institutionalized

participation:

who, when,

how, what

institutionalized

participation:

who, when,

how, what

harmonized

aligned

harmonized

aligned

Domestic Constituents

Domestic Constituents

PRSP

PRSP

External Actors

External Actors

Institution and capacity building agenda

Institution and capacity building agenda

Analytic Underpinnings

Analytic Underpinnings

(Re-) Balancing accountabilitiesSource: Presentation by Linda Van Gelder and Elliot Harris at WB/IMF annual meetings, based on 2005 PRS Review

Overview Balancing Accountabilities Scaling Up Results

issues from zambia and bolivia case studies ways forward
Issues from Zambia and Bolivia case studies/ Ways forward
  • Institutionalisation of participation of civil society/ dealing with the question of legitimacy?
  • From systems to support mechanisms that enhance voice/transparency/exit (Paris agenda) e.g. Zambia
  • Harmonisation of agendas/ development cooperation then instruments
slide10

Government-Donor Coordination in Zambia

Source: Mwanawina, I (2005): Assessment of aid mgt capacity in Zambia

GRZ

GRZ/DONORS

DONORS

Permanent

Cabinet Aid Coordination Committee

Consultative Group (CG) Meeting

Ambassadors\' Donor Group

AID COORDINATION

SECRETARIAT

Aid Management Steering Committee

Donor Coordination Meeting

Donor Sector/Thematic Working Groups

Aid Management Technical Committee

Quarterly Minister of Finance Meetings

Six monthly Sector/Thematic Group Meeting

Public Expenditure Review

Examples of Sector/Thematic Groups

PEMFA Joint Technical Working Group

Mining Working Group

Agriculture Working Group

Joint Country Assistance Strategy Working Group

Private Sector Development Forum

issues ways forward
Issues/ ways forward
  • Unless the PRS process is mainstreamed, it cannot drive mutual accountability, in which case it is not just capacity building/ address political interfaces
  • Enforcement through both horizontal and vertical means (appropriate discourse of development) bearing in mind political economy issues
  • Opening up the macro-economic policy & PSIA debate re: national participatory processes should be a priority
the case of the africa partnership forum
The Case of the Africa Partnership Forum
  • To undertake mutual review of progress on commitments to the implementation of the NEPAD programmes and to determine what high level political interventions may be necessary
    • Implementation of NEPAD projects
    • Speeding up the APRM
    • Donor side commitments
africa partnership forum
Africa Partnership Forum
  • Issues
    • Forum for specific NEPAD projects, could this mean less monitoring of donor commitments to specific African countries. National PRS subordinated, “ - - - to speed up the integration of NEPAD indicative plans into national development programmes and/or PRSPs to enable realisation of MDGs” Nuhlu, 2005 p.15.
    • CSO monitoring through gender and CSO Unit, available space but is there danger of cooption?
  • Possible solutions
    • NEPAD should remain a think-tank and de-linked from watch-dog roles, African Monitor proposal, shadowing of the APF
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