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Lesson Study:. A practical model for engaging teachers in curriculum change. Introductions. Anne Lawrence Centre for Educational Development Massey University Palmerston North [email protected] Cami Sawyer College of Education Massey University Palmerston North

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lesson study

Lesson Study:

A practical model for engaging teachers in curriculum change

introductions
Introductions

Anne Lawrence

Centre for Educational DevelopmentMassey University Palmerston North

[email protected]

Cami Sawyer

College of EducationMassey University Palmerston North

c.sawyer @massey.ac.nz

http://ced-mxteachers-news-site.wikispaces.com

getting started

Getting started

Getting started
  • Select any two digits. Make two numbers with them. Find the difference between these. Try other pairs of digits. Investigate.

Examples: 43 – 34 = ___

75 – 57 = ___

  • What do you notice?
  • Is this always true? Can you show why?
  • How might a student show this?
overview1
Overview

Overview

slide6

effective pedagogy requires that teachers inquire into the impact of their teaching on their students”

lesson study1

Lesson study

Lesson Study
  • Professional Development that incorporates
    • teaching as inquiry
    • a supportive professional culture
  • Focuses on improving students’ learning through improvement of teaching
slide8

The lesson study cycle

The Lesson Study cycle

Planning

Phase

Research

Lesson

Post-Lesson

Activities

  • STUDY
  • 1-4 hours
  • Consider long term goals for student learning
  • Study curriculum
  • 4. REFLECT
  • 1-5 hours
  • Share data
  • What was learned about student learning, lesson design, content?
  • Implications for this lesson and instruction more broadly?
  • 3. LESSON
  • 1 hour
  • Teach lesson
  • Observe and Collect data
  • 2. PLAN
  • 4-8 hours
  • Select lesson
  • Anticipate student responses
  • Plan data collection and lesson
slide9

Lesson study improves teaching

Lesson Study improves teaching

?

Planning

Phase

Research

Lesson

Post-Lesson

Activities

Better Teaching

roles during lesson study

Roles during lesson study

Roles during lesson study

We take different (often overlapping) roles during the different phases:

  • Facilitator
  • Collaborator
  • Lesson Teacher
  • Classroom Teacher
  • Time keeper
  • Observer
  • Reflective Thinker
slide11

Lesson study planning

Planning

Phase

  • Goals:
    • Long-Term Goals: school, departmental or curriculum
    • Lesson Goals
  • Planning:
    • The overall unit
    • This lesson
slide12

Brainstorm to develop ideas

Planning

Phase

  • Goals:
    • Long-Term Goals
    • Lesson Goals: around the starting activity
  • Planning:
    • The overall unit
    • This lesson
slide13

Getting started

  • Select any two digits. Make two numbers with them. Find the difference between these. Try other pairs of digits. Investigate.

Examples: 42 – 24 = ___

75 – 57 = ___

  • What do you notice?
  • Is this always true?
  • Can you show why?
slide14

What would you use this task for?

  • A rich task

- Thinking mathematically

- Problem-solving

- Developing abstract thinking

- Communicating mathematical ideas

  • Developing understandings

- Subtraction, Takeaway, Difference

- Place value

slide15

Our goals for this lesson

Planning

Phase

  • Long-Term Goal(s)
  • Pedagogical Goals:
  • meeting diverse learning needs of the class
  • students working collaboratively
  • communicating mathematical ideas
  • moving from manipulatives to abstract
  • using maths rich task(s)
  • Content Goal: developing understandings of place value
  • .
slide16

Lesson study: Planning

Planning

Phase

  • Goals:
    • Long-Term Goals:
    • Lesson Goals
  • Planning:
    • The overall unit
    • This lesson
slide17

The planning process

Planning

Phase

  • Focus on student learning
  • Discuss sequencing of ideas
  • Consider alternative pathways
  • Explore diagnostic questions
  • Share ideas about possible student responses
  • Take into account: Students’ prior experience, knowledge & skills; How the class is typically structured.
slide18

Considerations with Lesson Study

  • Make student thinking visible:
    • use/design activities that will externalize student thinking, making it open to observation and analysis.
  • Don’t try to cram too much into one lesson
    • Starter/diagnostic
    • Guts of lesson (We commonly start with this)
    • Wrap up
  • Use an agreed Lesson Plan structure
slide19

The heart of Lesson Study: The Lesson

Planning

Phase

Research

Lesson

  • The lesson teacher uses the lesson developed by the group a guide, NOT a script.
  • Observers:
  • identify a group of 2-4 students to focus on.
  • take notesabout responses and actions of these students.
  • concentrate on student engagement and thinking.
  • look for evidence of developing understandings & misconceptions.
slide20

The Post Lesson debrief

Planning

Phase

Research

Lesson

Post-Lesson

Activities

  • A semi-formal structure keeps conversation focussed.
  • General feedback
    • The lesson teacher speaks first and reflects on the lesson.
    • The observers take turns to give a brief overview of their observations. “One thing I learnt . . .”
  • Discussion about specific aspects of the learning
    • FOCUS on LESSON GOALS
    • Each observer describes the learning and engagement of their focus students and noteworthy incidents.
  • More general discussion (this may lead to refining the lesson)
slide21

Lesson Study

Planning

Phase

Research

Lesson

Post-Lesson

Activities

Better Learning

Better Teaching

Think about your situation:

How can you use this for PD?

slide22

Suggested readings

Available at http://lessonresearch.net/

A Lesson is Like a Swiftly Flowing River. Lewis, C. & Tsuchida, I. (1998). A Lesson is Like a Swiftly Flowing River: Research lessons and the improvement of Japanese education. American Educator, Winter, 14-17 & 50-52.

Brief Guide to Lesson Studyby Catherine Lewis

http://lessonresearch.net/briefguide.pdf

Proofs without Words: Exercises in Visual Thinking by Roger Nelsen

Cut The Knot! An interactive column using Java applets by Alex Bogomolny

http://www.cut-the-knot.org/ctk/pww.shtml

thank you

Thank you

http://ced-mxteachers-news-site.wikispaces.com

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