Using choral reading and cooperative groups to promote language learning for ell students
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Using Choral Reading and Cooperative Groups to Promote Language Learning for ELL Students. Ed. 703.22 Seminar in Applied Theory and Research II Susan Chan. Research Design. Quasi-experimental: (X 2 ) - no control group One designated treatment group:

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Using Choral Reading and Cooperative Groups to Promote Language Learning for ELL Students

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Using Choral Reading and Cooperative Groups to Promote Language Learning for ELL Students

Ed. 703.22

Seminar in Applied Theory and Research II

Susan Chan


Research Design

  • Quasi-experimental: (X2) - no control group

  • One designated treatment group:

    - Participants are not randomly assigned.

  • One group pretest-posttest design: (OXO)

    - Single group is pre-tested using a WRAP running record (O).

    - Single group is exposed to a treatment (X).

    (choral reading)

    - Single group is post-tested using a WRAP running record (O).


Threats to Internal Validity

  • History

  • Maturation

  • Testing/Pretest Sensitization

  • Instrumentation

  • Mortality

  • Statistical Regression

  • Selection-Maturation Interaction


Threats to External Validity

  • Pretest-Treatment

  • Selection-Treatment Interaction

  • Treatment Diffusion

  • Experimenter Effects

  • Reactive Arrangement/Participants Effects (novelty)


Assessment on Word Families


Data: Pre-test and Post-test Chart

Assessment on Word Families


Rating Scale (x-axis)

(1): Never

(2): Once a month

(3): Once a week

(4): 2 or 3 times a week

(5): Daily

Correlation: + 0.99 rxy

Positive r: X  Y 

Parental Involvement and Student Achievement


Survey: Parental Involvement


Parent Response: (x)

(1): Never

(2): Once a month

(3): Once a week

(4): 2 or 3 times a week

(5): Daily

Student Scores

Post-test: (y)

Survey Results - Chart


Correlation

  • Evaluating the correlation between frequency of parent reading to child and reading level, the results show an excellent and positive correlation coefficient, rxy = 0.99.

  • This indicates that the frequency of a parent reading to a child has an effect on reading levels.


References

O’Oconner-Petruso, S.,(2008) Stat.scales.analyses.threats.design.ppt.


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