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The Dangers of Skin Cancer. Are we educated enough?. Statement of the Problem. Even though we have been educated on the dangers of skin cancer and its prevention, Melanoma/skin cancer continues to increase at an alarming rate. Background leading to the problem . Lack of Knowledge

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The dangers of skin cancer

The Dangers of Skin Cancer

Are we educated enough?


Statement of the problem
Statement of the Problem

Even though we have been educated on the dangers of skin cancer and its prevention, Melanoma/skin cancer continues to increase at an alarming rate.


Background leading to the problem
Background leading to the problem

  • Lack of Knowledge

    “No big deal?”

    YES! It is a big deal.

    Types include:

  • Basil Cell

  • Melanoma

  • Squamous Cell


Ozone depletion
Ozone Depletion

  • Harmful effects of UV-B

  • Location

    Lattitude/Longitue

  • Time of day

  • Ultra Violet Index


Are tan skins cool
Are Tan Skins Cool?

  • Behavior and attitude


Tanning salon
Tanning Salon

There's more evidence on the hazards of tanning beds. Baking under their artificial lamps as little as once a month can boost your risk of a deadly form of skin cancer by 55% -- and the danger is even greater when done in early adulthood.


Significance to optimal health
Significance to Optimal Health

  • Spending time outdoors in the fresh air does wonders for the body and soul. Just remember that your skin needs extra protection from the sun.


Types of skin cancer
Types of Skin Cancer

Basal cell carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas


Types of skin cancer1
Types of Skin Cancer

Malignant Melanoma


Other effects from the sun
Other Effects From the Sun

  • Skin Damage

  • Cataracts and Other Eye Damage

  • Immune Suppression


Other problems

Other Problems

In terms of cancer types; skin cancer history was most strongly tied to liver cancer, followed by Hodgkin disease, leukemia, and lung cancer.

Women who have had the most common forms of skin cancer are 2.3 times as likely to also get deadlier cancers such as breast, lung, and colon.


Possible solutions

Don’t sunbathe

Avoid sun exposure between 10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.

When outdoors use SPF 15 or higher

without SPF 15 reddening takes 20 mins

with SPF 15 reddening takes 5 hours (reapply every 2 hours & after swimming)

Several sunburns over course of a lifetime can double/ triple melanoma risk no matter when sunburns occurred

Possible Solutions


Possible solutions1
Possible Solutions

  • Wear long pants, long-sleeved shirts, hats, UV- protective sunglasses

  • Stay away from artificial tanning devices

  • Teach children good sun protection habits at an early age. Damages that lead to adult skin cancers start in childhood

  • Examine self from head to toe once every 3 months

  • Tinted windows in automobile


Year round protection
Year Round Protection

  • During winter ( Reflections from snow can double the UV rays from the sun)

  • UV radiation is not only associated with heat

    Clouds/ Haze- water droplets magnify UV rays.

    Latitude- closer to the equator, more potent sun rays.

    Altitude- UV radiation increases 4-5% every 1000 ft. above sea level.

    Reflection- water, sand, concrete and snow reflect 90% of UV rays.

    Photosensitive Reactions- medicines for acne or antibiotics


Variety of approach
Variety of Approach

  • UVB causes basal, squamous cell carcinomas and melanoma.

  • UVA causes wrinkling, leathering, photo aging because it penetrates deeper and exacerbates UVB effects.


Youth sun care
Youth Sun Care

  • Avoid sunburns as a child.

  • Babies under 6 months old should spend very little time in the sun. If exposed to the sun protective clothing and sunglasses should be worn.

  • Children over 6 months should always wear a sunscreen of at least SPF 15.


The abcd s of skin cancer
The ABCD’s of Skin Cancer

  • A – Asymmetry

  • B – Border

  • C – Color

  • D – Diameter


Treatments
Treatments

  • Removal – Laser / Excision or cutting out

  • Surgery – lymph nodes

  • Chemotherapy / Immunotherapy

  • Benign / Malignant


Latest news of sunscreens long term effects
Latest News of Sunscreens Long-term Effects

  • Sunscreen as of now is tested with a significant and favorable impact on public health as part of an overall strategy to reduce UV exposure.


Start early
Start Early

  • Parents should educate their children immediately!

    • Experts warn that even one severe sunburn during childhood or adolescence can increase the risk of skin cancer.

    • Kids get 80% of their life time sun before age 18.

    • Safety tips must be practiced constantly!


Best protection
Best Protection

  • Besides using a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher, a regularly scheduled full-body exam by your health care professional is key to prevention!

    • This is because melanoma can occur on areas of your body that are not exposed to the sun.

    • It often takes a trained eye to spot melanoma in early stages.


Self examination
Self Examination

  • You should examine yourself regularly

  • The best time to do this is after a bath or shower, standing in front of a full length mirror.

  • Use a handheld mirror to help you view areas that are difficult to see.

  • If you notice any odd-looking mole or marking, contact your doctor ASAP!


Solution to the problem
Solution to the Problem

  • Sun Avoidance is the best defense against skin cancer

  • Visit your dermatologist at least once a year

    • Early detection is the surest way to a cure!

      Sun Screen! Sun Screen! Sun Screen!


If not addressed
If Not Addressed

  • About 91,900 new cases of melanoma in the United States, in 2003

  • 7,600 are expected to die from melanoma (4,700 men and 2,900 women)


Prevention
Prevention

  • Sun Block

  • Reduce your Exposure of the Sun

  • Protective Clothing

  • Self Exam

  • Dermatology visits

  • Education and Awareness


Best prevention
Best Prevention

  • Education and Awareness

    *Do a personal skin cancer profile.

    *For more information visit www.aad.org

    *Call the Skin Cancer Institute at

    1-800-424-6724


The dangers of skin cancer1
The Dangers of Skin Cancer

Presented by:

Melissa Anderson

Francis Llave

Julia McElmoyle

Jeff Poe

Eri Saito

Jeb Stewart


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