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Discovery Middle School. Faculty Meeting November 13, 2013. What is Close Readi ng?. “an intensive analysis of a text in order to come to terms with what it says, how it says it, and what it means .” Tim Shanahan. How To Do a Close Reading.

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Discovery Middle School

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Discovery Middle School

Faculty Meeting

November 13, 2013

What is Close Reading?

“an intensive analysis of a text in order to come to terms with what it says, how it says it, and what it means.”

Tim Shanahan

How To Do a Close Reading

Read with a pencil in hand; annotate the text. Mark the big ideas and skills.

Reread to look for patterns in the things you’ve noticed about the text – repetitions, contradictions, similarities. Find the commonalities.

Ask and/or answer questions about the patterns you’ve noticed – how and why are these patterns important to the overall text?

What is a Close Read?

  • We are going to do a close read of “Love” by William Maxwell.

  • On the first read, read with pencil in hand.

  • Focus: Main ideas and supporting details

  • Now read again.

  • Focus: Foreshadowing

  • What clues did Maxwell give us that the teacher would die?

A Different Kind of Reading

  • A close reading of text is a rereadingof a small slice of a story (or something that is short to begin with, like a poem or an essay)—perhaps rereading it many times.

  • Then, through careful inspection of words, sentences, paragraphs, and the way they work as parts and together as a whole, the teacher leads the students to discern the author’s meaning. 

  • Students are guidedto provide “textual evidence”that the author’s meaning is what it is. They can’t guess, based only their prior knowledge and a cursory look at the words on the page, what the author intends.  This means, practically, that a Cliff Note’s acquaintanceship with the text won’t cut it.

Where does Close Reading appear in the College and Career Ready Standards?

Anchor Standards for Reading

R.1: Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

I have also attached a couple of resources regarding Close Reading if you are interested.

A final thought….

Two Stars and a Wish

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