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Lesson Two. Going Home Pete Hamill. Translation . East or west, home is best. There is no place like home. Home is home, be it ever so homely. All happy families resemble one another; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. —Leo Tolstoy .

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Lesson Two

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Lesson two

Lesson Two

Going Home

Pete Hamill


Lesson two

Translation

  • East or west, home is best.

  • There is no place like home.

  • Home is home, be it ever so homely.

  • All happy families resemble one another; each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.

  • —Leo Tolstoy

  • 行遍天下路,还是在家好。

  • 在家千日好,出外一时难/金窝银窝,不如自家草窝。

  • 家就是家,不论它如何普通。

  • 所有幸福的家庭彼此都很相似,而每个不幸的家庭却各有各的不幸。

  • ——列夫•托尔斯泰


Random notes of a returned native

Random Notes of a Returned Native

Do you know the Chinese version for this poem?

  • I left my place of birth, when very young.

  • Without accent, I speak my native tongue.

  • Meanwhile, I have long passed my middle age.

  • Hair on temples—thin—the color of sage.

  • See my kids, I don’t know who they are.

  • Neither do they recognize me, their pa.

  • “These parts have never seen the likes of you.

  • Tell us, sir, which place you hail from, please do.”

  • —By Xu Zhongjie


Lesson two

  • Here is offered a different translation of the same Chinese poem. Please make a comparative study of the two English versions.

    Coming Home

  • I left home young and not till old do I come back,

  • My accent is unchanged, my hair no longer black.

  • The children don’t know me, whom I meet on the way,

  • “Where’d you come from, reverend sir?” they smiled and say.

  • —By Xu Yuanchong


Lesson two

回乡偶书贺知章

  • 少小离家老大回,

  • 乡音未改鬓毛衰。

  • 儿童相见不相识,

  • 笑问客从何处来?


Lesson two

  • What does home usually associate your mind with?

  • What are the pictures of home

    in your mind?


Lesson two

  • Do you miss your home?

  • Is this the first time you left your home?

  • Can you describe what kind of feeling it

  • is when you are homesick?

  • What attracts you most as you think of

  • home?

  • Why do people usually have a

  • sentimental attachment to home?

  • “East or west, home is best”, do you

  • agree?


Lesson two

Author

Pete Hamillwas born in Brooklyn, N. Y. in 1935. He attended Mexico City College in 1956—1957, studying painting and writing. He has been a columnist for the New York Post, the Daily News, and New York Newsday, and has won many journalistic awards.


Florida the sunshine state fl

Florida: the "Sunshine State" (FL)

Florida was named by the Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León in 1513. He called the region "La Florida", roughly translated as Land of the Flowers. He probably chose this name because he was impressed by the many colorful flowers. Statehood for Florida came in 1845 (27th state). Florida is one of the leading tourist states in the United States. Great stretches of sandy beaches and a warm, sunny climate make Florida a year-round vacationland. Major attractions include Disney World, Miami Beach, the Everglades National Park and the Florida Keys. Tourists may also visit historic sites that date back to the Spanish explorers.


New jersey the garden state nj

New Jersey : the "Garden State" (NJ)

One of the original 13 states, New Jersey was named after the island of Jersey in the English Channel. New Jersey is a state of industrial cities and towns, but also of glistening beaches and popular summer resorts. It is one of the great coastal playgrounds of the United States. Atlantic City is one of the most well-known resorts. New Jersey is located between New York City and Philadelphia, making it a convenient location for tourists to the area.


New york the empire state ny

New York: the "Empire State" (NY )

The Dutch were the first settlers in New York. After the English took it over in the 1660s, the colony was renamed New York, after the Duke of York. It is one of the original 13 states to join the Union (it joined in 1788). The state includes everything from skyscrapers in Manhattan to rivers, mountains, and lakes in upstate New York. Niagara Falls is one of the chief attractions. New York is the leading center of banking, finance and communication in the United States. Much of the state's greatness lies in exciting New York City, the largest city in the United States and the fourth largest city in the world; its many theaters, museums, and musical organizations make it one of the cultural centers of the Western Hemisphere.


V georgia the empire state of the south ga

V.Georgia:the "Empire State of the South" (GA)

Georgia, founded in 1732, is one of the original 13 states. It was named in honor of England's King George II. Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi; the state's large size and thriving industries have given it one of its nicknames, the Empire State of the South. During the Civil War, the fall of Atlanta was a crucial turning point in the defeat of the South. Today, Atlanta, which became Georgia's capital in 1868, is a thriving city with major national corporations, and it is considered the economic and cultural center of the Southeast. The natural beauty and famous seaside resorts of Georgia are a major attraction for tourists. Many beautiful monuments and parks, including reminders of important Civil War battles and heroes, dot the Georgia countryside.


Howard johnson s

Howard Johnson’s

  • The world of 28 flavors...

  • Someone you know wherever you go...

  • Landmark for hungry Americans


Howard johnson s1

Howard Johnson’s

The first turnpike restaurant in the United States was opened in 1940 by Howard Johnson's on the Pennsylvania Turnpike. The company soon became the leading toll road operator in the country.


Howard johnson s2

Each restaurant is topped with a bright orange roof so the traveler could immediatelyrecognize the restaurant. This has become a beacon to travelers as Howard Johnson's is known for quality food at reasonable prices and with the added lure of ice cream in 28 flavors.

Howard Johnson’s


Text analysis

Text Analysis

This theme is best revealed by hundreds of yellow ribbons hung on the tree.

Theme of the Story

  • 1.The ability to forgive and

    forget is important in all human

    relationships.

  • 2. Mutual care and affection among people, esp. among strangers are important, too.


Thematic analysis

Thematic Analysis

mutual care and love

strangers

husband & wife

based on sympathy and

mutual trust

based on

forgiveness


Character analysis

Character Analysis

Please find supporting details in the story.


Structure of the text

Structure of the Text

1

2

3

Para. 10-2

The surprisingly big welcome Vingo received

Para. 1-4

The introduction of the setting and the characters

Para. 5-9

Vingo's story of going home and the young people's interest in it


Plot analysis

The plot takes, from the very beginning, the mode of narrative.

Plot Analysis

  • the beginning: (Paras. 1—4)

  • Vingo was sitting quietly on a bus. His silence and stillness posed a striking contrast to the liveliness and hilarity of the young people behind him. He became the center of our interest.

This opening scene creates a mystery about the protagonist, making us look forward to something more.


Lesson two

The exposition of the essential matter is managed by flashbacks (the confession of the protagonist).

  • the middle: (Paras. 5—10)

  • One of the girls tried to draw Vingo out. Vingo began to relate his story. Who he was, where he was going and what this journey was for, all the mysteries about the protagonist were gradually revealed.

As the plot evolves it arouses our expectations about what will happen to Vingo. Will he be forgiven or will he go on his journey? We readers are kept in suspense. Our interest is still held by the development of the plot.


Lesson two

Finally the mystery is solved and the suspense is removed. We should say the plot is successfully complete.

  • the end: (Paras. 11—12)

  • When the bus was approaching the expected great oak tree, Vingo was surprised to see hundreds of yellow ribbons blowing and billowing in the wind. He happily knew he was finally forgiven and welcomed home.

    The resolution, the outcome of the plot, turns out to be a pleasant surprise. We feel satisfied. The plot ends happily and the intended emotional effects are thus achieved.


Conflict analysis

Conflict Analysis

  • Plot usually deals with a conflict. What is the conflict of the story?

  • The conflict lies in the inner struggle of the protagonist. On the one hand, Vingo was anxious to go home, to see the old oak tree. But on the other hand, he was afraid to do so for fear that his wife wouldn't forgive him. That would be too much for him to bear if the case turned out to be so. That's why he was silent, nervous and "chewing the inside of his lip a lot".


Lesson two

Comparison and contrast are used here in portraying this conflict.

  • As the plot evolved, the conflict became all the more conspicuous and heart-gripping. The bus was first 20 miles from his home, then 10 miles, and then 5 miles… Vingo "stopped looking, tightening his face into the ex-con's mask, as if fortifying himself against still another disappointment". Vingo tried hard to appear calm, but what was rolling in his heart? Nervousness and uncertainty. He had already prepared himself for a disappointment. But the other six young people were all excitedly involved in it. We readers are also kept in suspense and wondering.


Lesson two

Here comes the climax of the story.

The oak tree was approaching. The bus became quiet. But Vingo's heart was pounding wildly. "To go or to stay",this long struggling and torturing question would find its answer now. Suddenly the young people burst into shouting and crying. But Vingo remained unmoved. He sat there stunned, looking at the oak tree covered with hundreds of yellow ribbons through his misty eyes. He felt relieved to know he was finally forgiven by his wife. So do our readers. The conflict ends in a pleasant surprise, bringing an immense emotional impact on us. With the settlement of the conflict, the story comes to its end.


Language study

Language study

  • They were dreaming of golden beaches and tides of the sea as the grey, cold spring of New York vanished behind them. (1)

  • Sentence paraphrase: It was a grey, cold day in the spring. As the bus left New York City, these young people were thinking about what they were going to enjoy in Florida—the beaches and the sea.

  • Dream of/about: to imagine and think about sth. that you would like to happen, e.g.

The girl dreamed of becoming a movie star.

Some thought it was the breakthrough scientists had dreamed of.

He's got the sort of money that you and I can only dream about.


Vanish v to disappear suddenly esp in a way that cannot easily be explained

vanish v. to disappear suddenly, esp. in a way that cannot easily be explained

  • I turned around again, the boy had vanished.

  • It is a bad idea to let Tom Cruise vanish for

    almost an hour in the middle of his picture.

  • Many species in South America have

    vanished completely.

Cf:

varnish

tarnish

furnish

vanish from sight

vanish into the void

vanish into thin air

vanish without

trace/vanish off the

face of the earth

  • 消失不见

  • 化为乌有

  • 从人间蒸发掉

  • 消失得无影无踪


Lesson two

varnish: to cover with 给······涂清漆

  • He varnished the wooden table.

  • After he fixed the shelf, he varnished the whole to a high shine.

    tarnish: (esp. of metal surfaces) to lose; cause the loss of brightness (尤指金属表面)使失去光泽

  • The damp atmosphere has tarnished the gilt.

  • His reputation is tarnished.

    furnish: to supply or provide; put furniture in

  • The records furnished the information required.

  • The president’s office is tastefully furnished with modern

    furniture.


Question what can we learn from the opening paragraph

Question: What can we learn from the opening paragraph?

Fictional

elements

  • The opening paragraph serves to

  • introduce the characters of the story

  • (protagonist: Vingo, minor characters: three boys and three girls);

  • indicate the overall setting of the story

  • (time: spring; place: a bus from New York to Florida);

  • tell the event of the story

  • (Vingo was on the bus going somewhere);

  • set the tone of narration

  • (narrative of third person omniscient).


As the bus passed through 2

As the bus passed through…(2)

  • pass through: to go through a town, etc., perhaps stopping there for a short time, but not staying

  • Examples:

  • As they passed through the flooded areas, they felt bad.

  • We passed through the gates into a courtyard behind.

  • We were just passing through (= travelling through a place) and thought we'd drop in to see you.

  • pass (a place):to go past a place without entering

  • Examples:

  • On her way to work she passed a supermarket.

  • We passed a group of students outside the theatre.

  • I pass the sports centre on the way to work.


Lesson two

He sat in front of the young people, his dusty face masking his age, dressed in a plain brown suit that did not fit him. (2)

  • Sentence paraphrase: He sat in front of the young people. You could hardly tell how old he was because his complexion had a greyish color.

  • Dressed in a …this past participle phrase is used to tell the reader more about the subject of the sentence “he”.

  • To fit (sb.): to be the right size or shape for sb., e.g.

  • Cinderella’s sisters tried on the shoes, but they didn’t fit.

  • his dusty face masking his age: absolute construction, acting as an adverbial of accompanying circumstances


Lesson two

His fingers were stained from cigarettes… (2)sentence paraphrase: his fingers were yellow because he smoked a lot.

  • … and he chewed the inside of his lip a lot. (2)

  • Sentence paraphrase: … he repeatedly bit the inside of his lower lip, which showed his nervousness.

  • He sat in complete silence and seemed completely unaware of the existence of the others. (Para. 2)

    Sentence paraphrase: He sat without saying anything as if he did not know there were other people around.

    unaware of : not knowing or realizing that sth. is happening or that sth. exists

  • eg: He worked at his computer for hours, unaware of the noises outside.


Lesson two

Stain:v. a. to accidentally make a mark on sth. esp. one that cannot be removedb. to change the color of sth., especially sth. made of wood, by using a special liquid (Syn. dye)

  • Examples:

  • This tablecloth stains very easily.

  • Her fingers were stained yellow from years of smoking.

  • Stain the table before you varnish it.

  • stain sb.’s name/reputation/honor

  • stain with

  • leave a stain

  • blood/ink/wine stain

  • a stain on sb.’s character/reputation

  • remove/get rid of a stain

  • stubborn stains

Collocations


Lesson two

Deep into the night, the bus pulled into a Howard Johnson’s …(3)Sentence paraphrase: Late at night the bus stopped at one of the Howard Johnson fast food chain restaurants. Every passenger on the bus got off to eat but Vingo didin’t.

  • Pull into: (of a vehicle) to arrive at (a station); move in towards

  • Examples:

  • They will pull into the station at 7 sharp.

  • The train pulled into the station on the stroke of 12.

  • Let’s pull into the parking lot and have a rest.

  • pull out

  • if a train pulls out, it leaves a station

  • Examples:

  • The three-thirty is pulling out of platform four.

  • We got there just as the train was pulling out.


Lesson two

  • The young people began to wonder about…(3)

  • wonder about/at: to feel curious about; be doubtful about

  • Examples:

  • John says he didn’t do it, but I am still wondering about that.

  • Sometimes I wonder about his behaviour.

  • He wondered at her ability never to reveal the slightest disquiet in front of her husband.


Lesson two

  • …one of the girls became so curious that she decided to engage him in a conversation. (3)

  • Paraphrase: …one of the girls became very interested in Vingo, and she decided to get him to talk.

  • engage sb. In: to make sb. take part in sth.

  • Examples:

  • She tried to engage her roommate in a philosophical discussion.

  • They spoke little about life outside the organization despite my efforts to engage them in conversation about it.

  • They engaged him in a new project.

  • To engage sb. In conversation: to start talking to sb. And involve him in a conversation


Lesson two

  • Engagement

  • I called my wife to cancel our lunch ~.

  • Their relationship came to an end all of a sudden during the ~.

  • engaged: adj.

  • 1) having agreed to marry (to)

  • 2) busy, spending sometime on doing sth. (in/on)

  • 3) (of a telephone line) in use

  • Sorry! The line is engaged. (BrE)

  • engaging: charming


You going that far para 4 want some wine para 4 elliptical sentences common in conversation

You going that far? (Para. 4) Want some wine? (Para. 4):elliptical sentences, common in conversation

  • Paraphrase: Are you going as far as Florida?

  • Do you want some wine?/Would you like to have some wine?

  • He smiled and took a swig from the bottle. (4)

  • Paraphrase: he smiled and drank a large mouthful of wine from the bottle.

  • He thanked her and retreated again into his silence. (4)

  • After thanking her for the wine, he again became silent.


Retreat into to to yield move back to syn retire antonym advance

retreat into/to: toyield; move back toSyn: retire, Antonym: advance

  • Examples:

  • The soldiers were ordered to retreat to safer positions.

  • At last we forced the enemy to retreat into the mountains from the town.

  • More and more she retreated into books.

  • retreat into oneself

  • retreat into one’s shell

  • retreat into fantasy

不与人交往 ,离群索居

变得缄默,不愿与人接 触

退避到梦幻世界


As vingo nodded in sleep 4 as vingo fell asleep

…as Vingo nodded in sleep. (4)…as Vingo fell asleep.

  • The preposition “in” is often used to show a state or condition. More examples:

  • He sat in complete silence. (2)

  • Then suddenly all of the young people were up out of their seats…shaking clenched fists in triumph and exaltation. (11)

  • Good God, I was in a daze.

  • Compare: “Into” is used to show a change in state. E.g.

  • He thanked her and retreated into his silence.(4)

  • Vingo stopped looking, tightening his face into the ex-con’s mask. (10)


Lesson two

  • The girl insisted that he join them. (Para. 5)

  • Insist: 1) declare firmly; place great importance on

  • e.g. He insisted on the accuracy of his account.

  • Our teacher insists on discipline in the classroom.

  • The suspect insisted that he was innocent.

  • 2) order or demand (sth./ sth. must happen or be done)

  • e.g. Our boss insists on punctuality.

  • He insists on driving her home.

  • Congress has insisted that the constitution (should) be amended.

  • He insists that she not accompany him.


Lesson two

  • insisted that he join them

More examples

subjunctivemood, "should" is dropped out

After the verbs expressing a command, decision, suggestion, such asdecide, decree, demand, insist, move, order, prefer, propose, recommend, request, require, suggest, vote, advise, determine, desire, resolve, urge, etc, in that-clause we usu. use subjunctive mood “(should) do sth.”.


Lesson two

  • 1.It was recommended that passengers ____ smoke during the flight.

  • a. not b. need not

  • c. could not d. would not (TEM-4, 1994)

  • 2. Mike's uncle insists ____ in this hotel.

  • a. staying not

  • b. that he would not stay

  • c. not to stay

  • d. that he not stay (CET-4, 2001, 1)

keys

a, d


Lesson two

  • I understand if you can’t stay married to me. (7)

  • Paraphrase: if you want to divorce me, I ‘ll understand—you have every reason to do so.

  • Vingo used a euphemism—an indirect phrase “can’t stay married to me” to refer to the more embarrassing and unpleasant term “divorce me”.


Lesson two

  • Get a new guy—she’s a wonderful woman, really something—and forget about me. (7)

Parenthesis

For Vingo to give his opinion of his wife.

Really something: (she is ) really a special woman.


Forget about

forget about

  • a.to lose remembrance of; fail to keep in memory; fail to recall

  • b.to stop thinking or worrying about someone or something

  • c.not to care about or give attention to someone or something any longer

  • Examples:

  • She forgot all about their anniversary.

  • Once they have money, some people forget about all their old friends.

  • I'd completely forgotten about our bet until Bill reminded me.


Lesson two

  • I told her she didn’t have to write to me or anything, and she didn’t. Not in three-and-a-half years. (7)

  • Paraphrase: I told her didn’t have to write to me or keep in touch with me in any other way. And she didn’t. I didn’t hear from her or about her for three and a half years when I was I jail.

  • or anything: (spoken)or anything of as similar type.


When i was sure the parole was coming through i wrote her again 9

When I was sure the parole was coming through I wrote her again. (9)

  • Paraphrase: when I knew for sure that I would be released on parole I again wrote her a letter.

  • Parole: permission for early release that is given to a prisoner before the end of his sentence on condition that he behaves well.

  • come through: to arrive as expected

  • Examples:

  • Has the train come through?

  • We're still waiting for our exam results to come through.

  • There is news just coming through of an explosion in a chemical factory.

“come” phrases


Lesson two

  • Cf.

  • come about

  • come across

  • come down with

  • come off

  • come out

  • come through

  • come up with

  • come up to

  • Cf.

  • 发生,产生

  • 偶然遇见,碰上

  • 得,染上(病)

  • 发生,举行;结果;成功

  • (书等)出版,发行

  • 胜利,成功;经历······仍活着

  • 提出,想出

  • 等于,比得上,达到(标准等)


Lesson two

  • If she didn’t want me, forget it, no ribbon and I’d understand and keep going on through. (9)

  • Paraphrase: If she couldn’t forgive me, she shouldn’t bother about the ribbon and I would understand her feelings and wouldn’t get off the bus when it reached the town.

  • forget it: (spoken) used to tell sb. that sth. Is not important and that he/she shouldn’t worry about it. e.g.

  • --I still owe you 70 cents.

  • --Forget it.

  • no ribbon: there would be no ribbon.


Lesson two

  • ... Soon all of them were caught up in the approach of Brunswick, looking at the pictures Vingo showed them of his wife and three children. (Para. 7)

    Paraphrase:… all the young people became excited and deeply interested in Vingo's story and in what was going to happen at Brunswick as they were looking at the pictures…

restrictive clause modifying "pictures"


Lesson two

  • be/get caught up in: tobe completely absorbed in or get involved in

  • Examples:

  • I was caught up in conversation with a friend when someone knocked at the door.

  • I am painfully aware of how we get caught up in our times and become contaminated by our own hypocrisy.

  • I didn't want to get caught up in endless petty arguments.

  • Cf.

  • 拼命抓住

  • 懂得,理解;流行起来

  • 把······缠住,把······卷入

  • 发觉(某人)有错误(或做坏事)

  • 赶上,追上

  • 赶完,弥补(耽误的工作等);

  • (事后)得到关于······的消息

  • Cf.

  • catch at

  • catch on

  • catch up

  • catch out

  • catch up with

  • catch up on


Lesson two

  • Approach: v. to move towards or nearer to someone

  • or something

  • Examples:

  • I heard footsteps approaching.

  • Everyone prepared celebrations as the year

  • 2000 approached.

  • As I approached the forest, a hare ran out of

  • the trees.

Word formations

approachable (a.)

approachless

approachability (n.)


Lesson two

Translation

  • He is hard to approach.

  • His best approach to the great man lay through a mutual friend.

  • Researchers are looking for new ways to approach the problem.

他很难接近。

对他说来,要接近那位伟人,最好的办法是通过一个双方都认识的朋友。

研究人员正在寻找新的处理这个问题的方法。


Lesson two

Vingo stopped looking, tightening his face into the ex-con's mask, as if fortifying himself against still another disappointment. (Para. 10)

to show a change in state

gerund as object

Paraphrase: Vingo moved his eyes away from the window, and his face again became expressionless as if he was trying to find the courage to face another possible blow, another disappointment in his life.

More examples

present participle phrase. Here "he was/were" is omitted after "as if".


Lesson two

  • He gave out a terrible cry, as if seeing a ghost.

  • Tim spoke very slowly, as if fearing to be heard.

  • "It is," he said quietly, as if remembering something he had tried to forget. (Para. 4)


Lesson two

  • fortify oneself against

    to strengthen (sth. or oneself) so as to be able to deal with (i.e. an attack)

    Examples:

  • Have some hot ginger soup to fortify yourself against cold.

  • He fortified himself against the cold with a heavy coat.


Lesson two

Then suddenly all of the young people were up out of their seats, screaming and shouting and crying, doing small dances, shaking clenched fists in triumph and exaltation. All except Vingo. (Para. 11)

  • great happiness

present participles functioning as accompanying circumstances

Paraphrase: Then all of a sudden, all the young people left their seats and began doing all sorts of things they could think of to express their happiness and excitement. Vingo alone remained still.


Lesson two

  • He ran up to her, breathing heavily.

  • The old man was fast asleep, holding a book in his hand.

  • Vingo sat there,looking at the oak tree through his misty eyes. (Para. 12)


Lesson two

Collocations

let out a scream

a scream of laughter/terror

Synonyms

shriek

yell

  • Scream:v. a. to give a loud, sharp cry or cries as of fear or pain

  • b. to cry sth. in a loud shrill voice Examples:

  • As a child, I used to wake up screaming with terror in the middle of the night.

  • Adam screamed, loud and violent, in his attempt to absorb the pain.

  • She screamed out that there was a burglar under the bed.


Lesson two

Word formations

exalt (v.)

exalted (a.)

  • Exaltation: n. a very strong feeling of happiness

  • Examples:

  • My depression had lifted and my mood had changed to exaltation.

  • Teammates who were strangers before the party are instantly bonded, and victory is celebrated with fists-in-the-air exaltation.


Lesson two

  • Vingo sat there stunned, looking at the oak tree through his misty eyes. (Para. 12)

More examples

past participle functioning as accompanying circumstances

present participle functioning as accompanying circumstances

Paraphrase:Vingo sat still; he was utterly surprised, looking at the oak tree through tearful eyes.


Lesson two

  • I made a leisurely round of the town, fascinated by the construction going on everywhere.

  • He went to Beijing in that winter, disguised as a merchant.

  • 3.United as one,they are training hard for next year's world championship.


Lesson two

  • … a tree that stood like a banner of welcome, blowing and billowing in the wind. (Para. 12)

  • alliteration: rising and rolling in waves

restrictive clause modifying "tree"

simile

Paraphrase:… a tree that looked like a banner of welcome, rising and rolling in waves in the wind.


Misty

Synonyms

foggy

hazy

Misty:

  • .a.(eyes) full of tears, esp. because you are remembering a time in the past

  • b.not clear or bright

  • c.(weather) with a lot of mist

  • Examples:

  • Toward evening, the weather turned and, as they approached the dock, the sky was gray and misty.

  • He paused, his eyes growing misty.

  • Without my glasses everything is just a misty blur.


Lesson two

  • make one’s way to:to go forward with difficulty

  • Examples:

  • They made their way through the crowd.

  • I made my way to the center of the town.

  • The two women made their way into the woods.

“way” phrases


Lesson two

Translation

1)让路,让位,让步

2)特地,不怕麻烦地

3) 善于处理,有能力对付

4)经过艰难困苦后学会······

5) 相反地,倒过来

6) 经由,取道

  • 1) give way

  • 2) go out of one’s way

  • 3) have a way with

  • 4) learn sth. the hard way

  • 5) the other way about/round

  • 6) by way of

Thinking ….


Writing devices

Syntactic Devices

To indicate the liveliness and hilarity of the young people.

Writing Devices

  • 1. They were dreaming of golden beaches and sea tides…

  • 2. … the young people… waiting for the approach of the great oak tree…

  • 3. … all of the young people… screaming and shouting and crying, doing small dances, shaking clenched fists...

Question: When it comes to young people, the author tends to use a lot of present participles. What is the intended effect?


Lesson two

  • 4. He sat in front of the young people, … dressed in a plain brown suit…

  • 5. His finger were stained from cigarettes…

  • 6. Vingo sat there stunned.

To indicate his sadness, his nervousness and control of feelings.

Question: When it comes to Vingo, the author tends to use past participles. What is the intended effect?


Lesson two

Simile

More examples

…a tree that stood like a banner of welcome… (Para. 12)

simile

Simile: an explicit comparison between two things of different kind or quality, usually introduced by like or as, or other simile markers like "as if, as though, as… as, (just) as… so, similar to, bear a resemblance to", etc.


Lesson two

  • Like March, having come in like a lion, he purposed to go out like a lamb. (C. Bronte, Shirley)

  • Life is poetically compared to the morning dew.

  • Just as fire tests gold, so does adversity test courage.

  • Many retirees are couch potatoes who like popping cold beers and relaxing in front of their $2,500 wide-screen, high definition television set. Its big picture will be as rich and detailed as a 35-millimeter photograph.


Lesson two

Alliteration

…a tree that stood like a banner of welcome, blowing and billowing in the wind. (Para. 12)

More examples

alliteration

Alliteration: the use of words that begin with the same sound in order to make a special effect


Lesson two

Translation

  • Predictably the winter will be snowy, sleety and slushy.

  • Wild Mushrooms: Mysterious-Menacing-Magnificent.

  • Whereat with blade, with bloody, blameful blade, he bravely broach’d his boiling bloody breast. (A Midsummer’s Night’s Dream)

估计今年冬天将雨雪纷飞、泥泞不堪。

野蘑菇: 神秘莫测-隐有危险-上等佳品。

他抽出一把血淋淋的该死的剑来,豁拉拉刺进他热辣辣的胸脯。


Lesson two

Symbolism

I told her if she would take me back, she would tie a yellow ribbon to the tree, and I would get off and come home.

symbol

More examples

Yellow ribbon symbolizes forgiveness and welcome to someone long lost.


Lesson two

Pay attention to the cultural differences.

Do you know what they symbolize?

red rose

balance (scale)

bat

owl

pine tree/crane

crucifix

true love

justice

vampire (Western), luck (Chinese)

wisdom/education (Western)

longevity (Chinese)

Christianity


Thank you

Thank you!


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