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What a men's upper abdominal and pelvic scan can tell you PowerPoint PPT Presentation


If you've been suffering from upper abdominal or pelvic symptoms - pain, swelling, or any other types of discomfort, your doctor may recommend an ultrasound examination. http://www.ultrasound-direct.com/

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What a men's upper abdominal and pelvic scan can tell you

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What a men s upper abdominal and pelvic scan can tell you

Whatamen'supperabdominaland

pelvicscancantellyou

Ifyou'vebeensufferingfromupperabdominalorpelvicsymptoms-pain,swelling,oranyother

typesofdiscomfort,yourdoctormayrecommendanultrasoundexamination.

Ultrasounduseshighfrequencysoundwavestocaptureliveimagesoftheorgansinsideyour

bodytocheckforanystructuralabnormalitiesorotherproblems.It'spainlessandnoninvasive

andgivessonographersawindowintowhatishappeningtoyourmajororgans,includingthe

gallbladder,bileducts,pancreas,liver,kidneys,bladderandprostategland.

Amen'supperabdominalandpelvicscanisavailableprivatelyfromUltrasoundDirectandmay

helpyougetadiagnosisforsymptomsthathavebeentroublingyou.Itinvolvesfastingforeight

hoursbeforehandanddrinking0.5litres(Ipint)ofclearfluidonehourbeforethetest.

Gallbladderproblems

Gallbladderissuesarejustoneofthemedicalconditionsthatcanbediagnosedviaupper

abdominalultrasound.

Gallstonesaresolidlumpsthatformfrombile,whichismadeinthelivertodigestfat

andstoredinthegallbladder.Gallstonesarenowestimatedtoaffect10to15percentof

thepopulation.iGallstonesonlycauseproblemsiftheymovefromthegallbladderinto

thebileducts(tubesthatleadfromthegallbladderandtheintestine).Iftheybecome

lodgedintheductthiscancauseinflammation(knownascholecystitis)andpaincalled

biliarycolic-whichcanbeexcruciating.

Gallbladderpolyps:Thesecancausesimilarsymptomstogallstones,buttheworryis

thattheycouldlaterturnintogallbladdercancer.

Gallbladdercancer:Cancerofthegallbladderisrarebutmorecommoninpeoplewho

havegallstonesorgallbladderpolyps.Symptomsinclude:feelingsick,painintheupper

rightabdominalareaandyellowskinandwhitesoftheeyes.

Problemswiththekidneys

Yourkidneysareimportantorgansastheyremovewastefromthebloodstream,aswellas

excesswaterandtheyalsohelptoregulatebloodpressure.Ultrasoundcanhelpidentifyvarious

kidneyproblemsincluding:

Kidneystones:Thesearecrystalsthatforminthekidneys,mostarepassedoutinurine,

butlargerkidneystonescangetstuckinthekidneysorblockthetubesrunningfromthe

kidneystothebladder.Thiscancauseintensepainintheback,side,orgroin(knownas

renalcolic).Threein20menand2in20womenwilldevelopthematsomepoint.ii


What a men s upper abdominal and pelvic scan can tell you

Kidneycancer:Thisisnowtheeighthmostcommoncancerinadults.Symptomsmay

includealumporswellinginthekidneyarea,constantpainbelowtheribsandbloodin

theurine.However50percentofcaseshavenosymptoms.

Pancreaticproblems

Thepancreascontrolsimportantenzymesandhormonesneededfordigestion,includinginsulin

toregulatebloodsugar.Anultrasoundscancanrevealvariousproblemswiththepancreas

including:

Acutepancreatitis:Thisisashorttermbutseriousinflammationofthepancreas.

Thesymptomsincludesevere,suddenpaininthemiddleoftheabdomen,

nauseaandvomitinganddiarrhoea.It'softenlinkedtogallstonesanddrinking

alcohol.

Chronicpancreatitis:Thepancreasbecomespermanentlyinflamedandcauses

repeatedattacksofstomachpains.It'smostcommoninmiddle-agedmenaged

45to54.iiiExcessivealcoholintakeisthecausein70percentofcases.

Pancreaticcancer:Ultrasoundisoneofmanyteststhatareusedtodiagnose

pancreaticcancer.OthersincludebloodtestsandCTscans.Symptomsare

typicallyvagueandincludeunexplainedweightloss,tummypainandlossof

appetite,jaundice,nauseaandrecentlydiagnoseddiabetes.

Liverdisease

Yourliveristhebiggestsolidorganinthebodyandhasmanyimportantfunctionsincluding

convertingfoodtoenergy,storingironandmobilisingmacrophagecells(largewhiteblood

cellswhichingestforeignbodiesandfightoffinfections).

Anultrasoundscancandetectscarringandotherabnormalitiesoftheliverincluding:

Cirrhosis:Long-termdamagetotheliverresultsinscarringandfibrosis.Thereare

manycausesincludingalcoholabuseandhepatitis(inflammationoftheliver).Early

symptomsincludeweightloss,feelingsickandtenderness/painintheliverarea.Later

symptomsincludeintenseitchingoftheskin,swellingoftheabdomenanddarkurine.

Around4,000peopleayeardieofcirrhosisintheUK.ivUltrasoundisoneoftheteststhat

canhelpdiagnosecirrhosis,othersincludeCTscansandMRIscans.

Prostatedisorders

Yourprostateglandisasmallwalnut-shapedgland,whichsurroundstheurethra(thetubethat

carriesurineoutofthebody).Ultrasoundisoneofthetestsusedtoassessthehealthofyour

prostate.Problems,whichaffecttheprostate,include:


What a men s upper abdominal and pelvic scan can tell you

Enlargementoftheprostate:Athirdofmenover50haveanenlargedprostategland;

symptomsincludeurinaryfrequency,needingtopassurineatnightanddifficulties

stoppingandstartingurinating.

Prostatitis:Thisiswheretheprostatebecomesswollenandinflamedandissometimes

causedbyabacterialinfection.

Prostatecancer:Thisisthemostcommontypeofcancerinmenand40,000newcases

arediagnosedeveryyear.vSymptomsaresimilartobenignprostateenlargement.

Formoreinformationonmen'supperandabdominalandpelvicscanscontactUltrasound

Direct.

iShafferEA.Epidemiologyandriskfactorsforgallstonedisease:hastheparadigmchangedinthe21st

century?CurrGastroenterolRep2005;7(2):132-140https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15802102

iihttp://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Kidney-stones/Pages/Introduction.aspx

iiihttp://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Pancreatitis-chronic/Pages/Introduction.aspx

ivhttps://www.britishlivertrust.org.uk/liver-information/liver-conditions/cirrhosis/

vwww.nhs.uk/Conditions/Prostate-disease/Pages/Introduction.aspx


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