Learning objects for web based and web enhanced instruction
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Learning Objects for Web-Based and Web-Enhanced Instruction. Mike Cipriani. First, Some Background…. What’s the difference between web-based and web-enhanced instruction?.

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Learning objects for web based and web enhanced instruction

Learning Objects for Web-Based and Web-Enhanced Instruction

Mike Cipriani


First some background

First, Some Background…

What’s the difference between web-based and web-enhanced instruction?

Web-based instruction involves educational activities that take place exclusively via computerized course delivery, generally through the internet.

Web-enhanced instruction is when classroom activities use computers, again generally the internet, to augment the learning process.


Three important definitions related to web based web enhanced instruction

Three Important Definitions related to Web-Based & Web-Enhanced Instruction

  • Information = material communicated through a flow of messages to a learner

  • Instruction = information that is deliberately sequenced to create a learning opportunity

  • Learning = the cognitive processing of information by the learner


Learning objects for web based and web enhanced instruction

Web sites use Information and Instruction to stimulate learning

Web sites deliver information, instruction and learning by using learning objects


What is a learning object

What is a Learning Object?

The Learning Technology Standards Committee says:

"[A]ny entity, digital or non-digital, that may be used for learning, education or training”

For our purposes, this definition is too…

B-R-O-A-D

We need something more specific….


For this context what is a learning object

For This Context, What is a Learning Object?

We will use Wiley’s definition:

“Any digital resource that can be reused to support learning”

Key Words in Wiley’s Definition:

Digital = available in electronic form; readable and manipulable by computer.

Reused = use again after processing

Thus, we are narrowing our working definition of Learning Objects to those used in web-based & web-enhanced instruction.


Five types of learning objects

Five Types of Learning Objects

  • Fundamental

  • Combined-Closed

  • Combined-Open

  • Generative-Presentation

  • Generative-Instructional


Fundamental

Fundamental

  • An individual digital resource, usually a visual aid that conveys information

  • Example: A diagram of the internal parts of a computer

http://www.discount-computers-now.com/images/build-your-own-computer-pic.jpg


Combined closed

Combined-Closed

  • A small number of digital resources combined with a single purpose and whose individual elements are not reusable from the object itself

  • Example: A video explaining how to install an IDE internal hard drive

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bt7ve7IeAGE


Combined open

Combined-Open

  • A large number of digital resources combined for a purpose whose elements are reusable as separate learning objects

  • Example: An informational web page

http://history.sandiego.edu/GEN/recording/computer1.html


Generative presentation

Generative-Presentation

  • A combination of learning objects in a specific structure that generates a presentation for instruction or reference

  • Example: A page of links to tutorials that together teach the Java programming language

http://java.sun.com/docs/books/tutorial/


Generative instructional

Generative-Instructional

  • A combination of learning objects in a specific structure that generates an abstract instructional strategy and means to assess it

  • Example: A tutorial with interactive practice and quizzes for learning HTML

http://www.w3schools.com/html/


References additional info

References & Additional Info.

  • http://opencontent.org/wiki/index.php?title=Learning_Object_Metaphors

  • http://www.eurodl.org/materials/contrib/2005/Santally.htm

  • http://www.minddrops.com/Talks/innovations2002boston.htm

  • http://opencontent.org/docs/lo_do.pdf

  • http://www.reusability.org/read/#1

  • http://technologysource.org/article/preparing_teachers_to_use_learning_objects/

  • http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/CIE/AOP/LO_what.html

  • Grabowski, B. and Small, R. (1997). "Information, Instruction and Learning: A Hypermedia Perspective". Performance Improvement Quarterly, 10(1), pp.156-166


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