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~) p&Ni (vBig k[LvN) m>DL s>ci(lt. S]x(Nk s>k&l. p\yi[jk:-. (vjy pT[l. mig<dS<k:-. ~) hr[SBie B)>gri(Dyi. Fi[rN-10. (vOiy- g&jrit). (vOiyi>g:-t)Yi[<_im. k(v:- bilm&k&>d dv[. si[n[T{p(rk\mi}. “uski[ n(h d[Ki hmn[ kB) usk) j$rt kyi hi[g) ?

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slide2

p\yi[jk:-

(vjy pT[l.

mig<dS<k:-

~) hr[SBie B)>gri(Dyi

slide3

Fi[rN-10

(vOiy- g&jrit)

(vOiyi>g:-t)Yi[<_im

k(v:- bilm&k&>d dv[.

si[n[T{p(rk\mi}

slide4

“uski[ n(h d[Ki hmn[ kB) usk) j$rt kyi hi[g) ?

ay mi ...t[r) s*rt s[ alg Bgvin k) s*rt kyi hi[g).....”

slide5

an[ a[vi zizi (dn vh) gyi> Si[Fn mh)>>vHi> a[Y) zizi stt GTmiL[ Jvnn) ?am[ b[ si>j&ki> shj mQ) ai[T[ (nt p[q[vÇyi>"ti viti[a[, nyn nmNi> n[ sK)tNi>

z*k),Qi>k) j[n[ arFprFi pilv Yk)uC>g[ (pviD) angL rh) amZtzri !mn[ a[ cx&mi> p\B& ! jgtt)Yi<[_im mÇy&>

slide6

jgtn&> ~[Oq t)Y< hi[y ti[ t[ mij C[. Eár bF[ phi[>c) n Sk[ a[Tl[ mitin&> sj<n ky<&. k(v bilm&k&>d dv[ Eárn[ p\i¼t krvin) EµCiY) an[k t)Y< AYini[mi> fr[ C[. aDsq jl[ Anin kr[ C[. Eárn[ p\i¼t krvin) z>Knimi> (j>dg)ni GNi (dvsi[ vh) jiy C[, Cti> Eárn[ p\i¼t kr) Skti nY).

slide7

a[k (dvs k(v pi[tin) (p\ytmi siY[ drri[jni (nRy k\m p\miN[ ai[Tli upr b[s) vit[i krti hti Ryir[ pi[tin) (p\ytmini viRsÃyY) Br[li nmNi> nyni[ ki[mL nvjit (SS& pr pD[ C[.ni(yki pi[tini nvjit (SS&n[ Ki[Limi> b[siD), aDQi pilvY) Qi>k), um>gY) amZtn) zrin&> pypin kriv) rh) C[ .mitin) ai>Ki[ mi> p&#i p\Ry[ rh[l&> viRsÃy a[ j jgtn&> sv< ~[Oq t)Y< C[.a>t[ k(v kh[ C[ -mn[ a[ cx&mi> p\B& jgt t)Yi[<_im mÇy<>&. a[mi> k(vn[ p\B&ni dS<n Yiy C[.a[Tl[ ti[ k(vbi[Tidkr kh[ C[ ‘-jnn) n) ji[D sK) n(h jD[ r[ li[l.

slide8

k(v ~)- bilm&k&>d m(NS>kr dv[

jºm. ti.- 07-mic<-1916.

vtn- vDi[dri (jÃlin&> mAtp&ri gim.

kiÄys>g\h- “p(rk\mi”, “k&>tl”

biLg)ti[- “aÃlkdÃlk”, “zrm(ryi”

c>Ùki[ - k&mirc>Ùk, mhirià srkir n&> pi(rti[(Pk.

slide9
ai jgtmi> U_im t)Y< ky&> ? a[n) vit ai si[n[Tmi> krvimi> aiv) C[ .p\B& dS<nn) z>Kni riKti k(v GNi t)Yi<[Fimi[mi> Bm[ C[>pN a[Y) a[mn[ s>ti[P mLti[ nY) p&#in[ amZtpin krivt) vKt[ mitin) ai>Ki[mi> j[ vitsÃyBivn&> k(vdS<n kr[ C[. a[ j sic&> t)Y hi[vin&> min[ C[. ai kiÄymi> mitini biLk p\_y[ni (n;AvY<,at*T, aji[D p[\mn[ k(va[ ai kiÄymi> Äykt kyi[< C[.” jgtn&> svi[<_im t)Y< mitini vi_sÃymi> C[.”
slide11

k(vn) p\bL EµCi Bgvinni dS<n krvin) ht)miT[ k(v jgºniY, kiS), ki>c), avF, mY&ri vg[r[ j[vi> j&di>j&di> t)Y<AYini[mi> fr[ C[.Cti> pN k(vn) EµCi p&r) Yt) nY).“Grn) min[ rDiv[ n[ m>(drn) min[ c*>dD) ai[QiD[ yid riKj[m>(drn) mi p\sºn ti[ n YS[ , YS[ ti[ Kfi [email protected] YS[.”

b yi yi iifimi adsq jl anin k ryi vl siy li yi vml g gi dk br
BÀyi[ yi#iiFimi[, aDsq jl[ Anin k(ryi>;vL) siY[ liÄyi[ (vml g>gi[dk Br).

k(v pi[tin) p\B& dS>nn) EµCi p*N< krvi miT[ an[k yi#iiFimi[mi> fr[ C[, aDsq jLmi> Anin kr[ C[,

g>gimi> Anin kr) p(v#i g>gi jL siY[ lE aiv[ C[.

cti r ni li y p b p nt a t ry jyi sk mir c p crm mn oii t drsn
Cti> r[ ni li¹y&> p\B& ! p&(nt a[Ê[ t)rY jyi>Sk[ mir) C)p) crm mn)Oii t&&> drSn) ?
  • k(v pi[tin) p\B& drSnn) EµCi p*N< krvi miT[ an[k yi#iiai[ kr[ C[, aDsQ jL[ Anin kr[ C[, p(v#i g>gi jl pi[tin) siY[ liv[ C[.
  • Cti> pN k(vn[ p\B&ni drSn Yti> nY) k(vn) crm EµCi p*N< Yt) nY).

s>t a[kniY an[k Bkti[ siY[ yi#ii kr) rHi hti,rAtimi t[mN[ a[k gF[Din[. uniLin) sKt grm)Y) aik&L Äyik&L bn) piN) (vni trfDti[ ji[E t[mn&> Hy dyiY) Ùv) gy&. t[mN[ S>kr Bgvinni a(BP[k miT[n&> g>gijL gF[Din[ piE d)F&.. siY[ni (m#ii[a[ kH>:- hv[ S[ni[ a(BP[k krSi[ m*K< !< . a[kniY[ kH; h&> miri a~ZY) S>krn[ a(BP[k kr)S. gF[Dimi nvi[ p\iN. aiÄyi[ t[ aiBir minti[hi[y t[m hi[>c) ....hi[>c).... krti[ cilvi mi>Dyi[, ai sic) yi#ii..

an a vi zizi dn vh gyi s ifn mh vhi a y zizi stt gtmil jvnn
an[ a[vi zizi (dn vh) gyi S[iFn mh)>>,vHi a[Y) zizi stt GTmiL[ Jvnn)!

k(v p\B& drSnn) eµCi p*N< krvi miT[ an[k p\yRni[ kyi<, Cti> k(vn)

eµCi aF*r) rh) ge an[ p[itini Jvnni an[k vOii[< nkimi vh)

gyi. j[Y) k(vn) p\B& dS<nn) eµCi p&r) n Yti k(v K*b (nriSi an&Bv[ C[.

slide15

am[ b[ si>j&ki> shj mQ)a[iT[ (nt p[q[vÇyi ti> viti[a[ ,nyn nmNi> n[ sK)tNi>QÇyi ti viRsÃy[ , mZd&l nvjiti kl) pr[ -z*k) Qi>k) j[n[ arFprFi pilv Yk) uC>g[ (pviD) angL rh) amZtzri !mn[ a[ cx&mi> p\B& jgt t)Yi[<_im mÇy&>.“jgtn&> sic&. Avg< mitini crNi[mi> C[.”

slide16

k(v pi[tin) (p\ytmi siY[ (n_yk\m m&jb Grni ai[Tli upr b[s)n[ viti[ krti hti>.ni(yki pi[tini kL) smin nvjit (SS&n[ vi_sÃy Br[l) ai>Ki[ vD[ ji[E rHi C[,mitia[ Ki[Limi> s*t[li biLkn[ aDFi pilvY) Fik)n[ Biv(vBi[r bn) u_sihY) [email protected]) zrNi>n&> pypin kriv) rh) C[. k(vn&> h]y&> ai p\[mmy) ØÆyji[En[ pi[kir) Uq[ C[ - “mn[ a[ cx&mi p\B& !> jgt t)Yi[<_im mÇy&>.”

“mitin) p*ji krSi[ ti[ p\B& p\i¼t YS[, p\B&n) p*ji krSi[ ti[ mi p\i¼t n(h Yiy.”

slide17

““Bgvin bF[ phi[>c) ni Sk[ a[Tl[ mitin&> sj<n ky<&.”

“minv Jvnn) b[ k$Nti 1,mi (vnin& Gr , 2,Gr (vnin) mi

“jnn) jºm B*(má AÄigi<d(p g(rys)”

“jnn)n) ji[D sK) n(h jD[ r[ li[l”

ami aibir c a

ami[ aiBir) C)a[.....

miATr T^[nr~) ::

hr[SBie B)>griD)yi

slide21

Avg< b)j[ kyi>y nY).....

1} si>jni smy[ d>pt) S&> krti> hti?

= si>jni smy[ d>pt) ai[Tli pr b[s)n[ viti[ krti hti.

2} Ki[Limi> s&viD[l) biLk)n[ miti S&> kr) rh) ht)?

= Ki[Limi> s&viD[l) biLk)n[ miti, aDFi[ pilv ni>K)n[

Atnpin kriv) rh) ht).

3}Atnpin krivt) mitin) ai>Ki[mi> S[n) Firi vh[t) ht) ?

= Atnpin krivt) min) ai>Ki[mi>Y) vi_sÃyn) amZtFiri vh[t) ht).

mitij ps px
mitiJ pS&- px)

3}mitin) ai>Ki[ ki[ni pr (AYr YE ?

= mitin) ai>Ki[ pi[tini p&Op smin ki[mL nvjit (SS& pr (AYr YE.

4} k(vn[ sic&> t)Y< ky&> lig[ C[ ?

mitin) vi_sÃy Br) ai>Ki[ a[ j k(vn[ sic&> t)Y< lig[ C[.

“jnn)n) ji[D sK) n(h jD[ r[ li[l”

slide23

1. k(v k[Tli jL[imi> Anin kr[ C[ ?

= k(v aDsq jLi[mi> Anin kr[ C[.

2. k(v pi[tin) siY[ S&> lE aiÄyi ?

= k(v pi[tin) AiiY[ g>gind)n&> p(v#i jL lE aiv[ C[.

3. si>jni smy[ mQ) ai[T[ ki[N b[q&> ht&>?

= si>jni smy[ mQ) ai[T[ k(v an[ t[mni pRn) b[qi hti>.

4. pRn)n) ai>Ki[ k[v) ht)?

= pRn)n) ai>Ki[ nmN) an[ viRsÃyY) z*>k[l) ht).

slide24
t)Yi[<_im kiÄyni k(vn& nim S& C[?- bilm&k&>d dv[ C[.
  • t)Yi[<_im kiÄyni[ si(hRy p\kir kyi[ C[ ?-si[n[T C[.
  • kiÄy p>(kt vi>c) smj) p*C[li p\Æni[ni jvib aipi[.
  • 1. BÀyi[ t)Y[< t)Y[< ur m(nPi drSn)
  • p&r), kiS), ki>c) ,avF, mY&ri n[ avr si]
  • k(v kyi> kyi> fr[ C[.?
  • k(v t)Y< Fimi[n) yi#ii kr)n[ S&> krvi mi>g[ C[.
  • 2. uC>g[ (pviD) angL rh) amZtzri ‘
  • mn[ a[ cx&mi> p\B& jgt t(Yi[_im mÇy&>
  • 1 min) ai>Ki[mi>Y) S[n) Firi vh[ C[?
  • 2. k(vn[ jgtt)Yi[<_im S[mi> mL) jiy C[?
  • ¥S¾d sm*h miT[ a[k S¾d aipi[.
  • 1, biLki[ trfn&< vhil – vRsÃy
  • 2. u_ir p\d[Smi aiv[l) rimn) jºm B*(m-- avF
  • 3. ai[(rAsimi aiv[l&> t)Y< AYin-- jgºniY p&r)
  • 4. viRsÃyn) amZtzri- -amZtzri
  • 5. g>gi nd)n&> p(v#i jL– g>gi[dk
slide25

smis ai[LKivi[.

1. g>gi[dk = g>gin&> udk t_p&r&P smis

2. an<gL= nY) a<gl j[n[ t[ =bh&v\)(h smis

3. amZt zri= amZt j[vi[ zri[== km< Firy

slide26

sic) ji[DN) pr (klk kri[.(trY = t)rY=t)Y<t)Yi[<_im = t)Yi[_i<mpyiy<: =amZt = am), p&(nt = p(v#i,S&B, udk = piN), jL angL = apir,aQLk ,p&OkLuC>g[ = gi[dmi>, Ki[Limi>,cx& = ai>K, li[cn, nyn, n[#i,n[N d\g

slide27

C>d ai[LKivi[.1. aAiRyi[ mi>h[Y) p\B& prm sRy[ t&> lE ji. 2. vLiv) bi aiv) (nj skl s>tin k\mS:3. mn[ a[ cx&mi> p\B& ! jgtt)Yi[<_im mÇy&>BÀyi[ t)Y[< t)Y[< Fr) ur mn)Pi drSn)(SK(rN)axr= 17lG& axr= 09 g&r& axr=08 b>FirN= ymnsBlgi

min bji ti bgvin ml bgvinn bji ti mi ni ml a vn ji s
“min[ Bji[ ti[ Bgvin mL[ Bgvinn[ Bji[ ti[mi ni mL[.”-= a(Vn ji[S).

gN[Sj) an[ ki(t<k[y jgtn) ~[Oq yi#ii krvin) Srt kr[ C[ Ryir[ b&(¹FSiL) gN[Sj) pi[tini miti (ptin) p\[mBivY) p\d(xNi kr)n[kh[ C[ k[ mir) yi#ii p*N< YE.a[Tl[ j ti[ kh[viy C[ k[-” jgtn&> prm m>gl miti- (ptini crNi[mi> C[.”

s f ci di
s>(F Ci[Di[.
  • t)Yi[<_im= t)Y< +u_im.
  • g>gi[dk= g>gi+udk.
  • nyn= n[+an.
  • an<gL=an|+ ag<L.
avi yiy
-:Avi¹yiy:-
  • 1,- (nb>F lKi[
  • jnn)n) ji[ sK) n(h jD[ r[ li[l
  • 2, -s(vAtir jvib lKi[.
  • ‘”t)Yi[<_im”-S)P<kn) yYiY<ti cci[<
  • 3,-mitZp\[mn[ lgt) viti< lKi[.