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What is Known Ice?. FAASTeam NORTH DAKOTA. What is Known Ice?_____________. Concept vs. Regulatory Regulation Preflight Briefing Weather Forecasts Airman Responsibilities and Considerations. Known Ice….

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what is known ice1
What is Known Ice?_____________
  • Concept vs. Regulatory
  • Regulation
  • Preflight Briefing
  • Weather Forecasts
  • Airman Responsibilities

and Considerations

known ice
Known Ice…

“Known Ice”, involves the situation where ice formation is actually detected or observed.

known icing conditions
Known Icing Conditions…

…Involve instead circumstances where a reasonable pilot would expect a substantial likelihood of ice formation on the aircraft BASED UPONALLINFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE PILOT.

regulations involved
Regulations Involved…

14 CFR Part 91

91.9 - Aircraft Limitations

91.13 – Careless or

Reckless

91.103 – Familiarization

with, weather and

flight planning data…

91.527 – Operating in Icing

Conditions

Part 91

Part 61

44709

thoughts
Thoughts?!
  • Documentation:
    • TCDS
    • POH/AFM
    • STC
thoughts1
Thoughts?!

Physical Inspection and Condition:

  • De-Ice/Anti-Ice Equipment Operational
  • Conditional
    • OAT
    • Historical review of Maintenance
    • Duration (time in clouds)
    • Alternates and Options
91 13 careless or reckless
91.13 / Careless or Reckless?_______
  • Careless - Not giving sufficient attention or thought to avoiding harm or errors.
  • Reckless - Without thinking or caring about the consequences of an action: "reckless flying".
with all available information
…with all available information…

QICP

AFSS

ATC

NWS

“Pilots own Observations”

fltplan s qicp states that weather will meet these standards
FltPlan\'s QICP states that weather will meet these standards:

Reliability

Accessibility

Security

Retrievable Archive

faa disclaimer includes
FAA Disclaimer Includes:

This QICP approval does not ensure the quality and currency of the information transmitted to you. The user assumes the entire risk related to the information and its use.

weather data sources
Weather data sources:_____________
  • Airmets
  • Winds Aloft Reports and Forecast
  • Radar Summary Charts
  • Pilot Reports (PIREPs)
  • ATIS (Local only reports)
  • ATC – ask!!! “Hey Center, do you have any reports of icing along my route to…”?
  • Listen to the radio. (122.0)
airmets
Airmets:________________________

WAUS43 KKCI 221445

CHIZ WA 221445 AIRMET ZULU UPDT 2 FOR ICE AND FRZLVL VALID UNTIL 222100 AIRMET ICE...MO IL IN KY OK TX AR TN LA MS AL AND CSTL WTRS FROM 50WSW ROD TO CVG TO HNN TO HMV TO GQO TO 40ENE MSL TO SJI TO 100WSW LEV TO 120ESE PSX TO 30S PSX TO 30WNW IAH TO 20SSE TUL TO 50WSW ROD MOD ICE BTN FRZLVL AND FL240. FRZLVL 060-120. CONDS CONTG BYD 21Z THRU 03Z.

remember
Remember:______________________

AIRMETS use VORs for points of measure.

remember1
Remember…_____________________
  • Ice usually forms when visible moisture is at temperatures between +5°C and -20°C contact the aircraft
  • More typically…Ice forms at temps

between +2°C and -10°C

  • There is generally more ice in the top 1/3 of the cloud deck than the reminder of the cloud.
question 22
Question?____________________(22)

What is the lowest ambient temperature at which a super-cooled water droplet can remain in liquid state?

A) +20 F

B) +10 F

C) 0 F

D) -40

AC00-6A pp41

question 23
Question?___________________(23)

If your aircraft is approved for “known icing” conditions, what are its limitations?

A) Moderate icing, takeoff, cruise, and landing.

B) Moderate icing, climb, cruise, and landing.

C) Light icing for takeoff, Moderate icing for

climb, cruise, and landing.

D) Moderate icing, takeoff, climb, cruise, and

landing.

135.227(b)(1), (c)(1) / 91.527

question 26
Question?____________________(26)

Your clearance is, “CLEARED AS FILED, MAINTAIN 12,000”. You encounter ice pellets from takeoff to 11,500 feet, at which point you fly into freezing rain. What clearance amendment should you request?

A) An increase in airspeed.

B) A lower altitude.

C) Both an increase in airspeed and a higher altitude.

D) A higher altitude.

question 28
Question?____________________(28)

In which meteorological environment is aircraft structural icing most likely to have the highest rate of accumulation?

A) Cumulonimbus clouds.

B) High humidity and freezing

temperatures.

C) Heavy wet snow.

D) Freezing rain.

question 30
Question?____________________(30)

The body of a TAF covers a geographical area within…

A) 5 statute mile radius of the center of a runway complex.

B) 25 statute miles from the center of an airport.

C) 10 statute miles of the station

originating the TAF.

D) 10 statute mile radius of the center of the airport.

AC-60 4.47

finally
Finally________:
  • Never
  • Ever
  • Let ATC be the PIC of YOUR Airplane!!
when dealing with atc
When dealing with ATC____________
  • Tell them what you need
  • Tell them you are picking up ice, the severity, and what it is you want to do.
  • Tell them that you need “PRIORITY” handling

If icing severity or your not comfortable:

  • DO NOT HESITATE TO DECLARE AN EMERGENCY!!

7700

get it back on the ground
Get it back on the Ground__________
  • Considerations:
    • Make gentle wide turns
    • Utilize ATC for Vectors to final
    • Use an ILS approach if available
    • Longest runway
    • Keep your speed up
    • Leave the flaps where they are,

YOU DO NOT NEED THEM!

slide38
Than crashing short of the runway!
  • Date: 31 October 1994
  • Airline: American Eagle, Flight No.: 4184
  • Aircraft: ATR-72
  • Location: Roselawn, IN
  • Souls on Board: 68
  • Fatalities: 68
  • The aircraft crashed while in a holding pattern to land at Chicago\'s O\'Hare Airport. Ice buildup accumulated on the wings faster than the de-icing boots could remove it, and the aircraft entered a spin from which the crew was unable to recover.
now we know
Now we know____________________
  • Concept vs. Regulatory
  • Regulation
  • Preflight Briefing
  • Weather Forecasts
  • Airman Responsibilities

and Considerations

slide40

Contact Us:

FLIGHT STANDARDS DISTRICT OFFICE

Fargo, North Dakota

4620 Amber Valley Parkway

Fargo, ND 581041

701-492-5800

program managers for north dakota
Program Managers for North Dakota:

Jay M Flowers

FAASTeam Program Manager

Operations, North Dakota

[email protected]

Fargo FSDO

(701) 492-5809

Jeffry Boe

FAASTeam Program Manager

Airworthiness, North Dakota and South Dakota

[email protected]

Fargo FSDO

(701) 492-5817

slide42
The Great Lakes Region FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) values your input.

We would appreciate your feedback using the following link:

http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/stakeholder_feedback/afs/field/

slide44

Industry

Recognizes outstanding individuals in their field roles of promoting aviation safety, education and professionalism

+

slide45
Winners will be recognized:

Locally

Regionally

Nationally.

National winners will be recognized during:

EAA AirVenture in Oshkosh

Winners will receive gifts and merchandise provided by sponsors and contributors.

slide46
Contact your local FAASTeam Program Manager

or Flight Standards District Office

for further information.

Jay M. Flower FAASTeam, OPS

701-492-5809

Or

Jeffry R. Boe FAASTeam, AWS

701-492-5817

Or

FLIGHT STANDARDS DISTRICT OFFICE

Fargo, North Dakota / 4620 Amber Valley Parkway

Fargo, ND 581041

701-492-5800

this years sponsors
This Years Sponsors:______________
  • Aircraft Electronics Association
  • Aviation Maintenance Technician Society
  • Aircraft Owners and Pilot’s Association
  • Aeronautical Repair Station Association
  • Experimental Aircraft Association
  • Federal Aviation Administration
  • General Aviation Manufacturers Association
  • National Business Aviation Association
  • National Association of State Aviation Officials
  • Society of Aviation & Flight Educators
  • Professional Aviation Maintenance Association
  • Women in Aviation International
applications are available at
Applications are available at:_______

www.generalaviationawards.org

- and -

www.faasafety.go

use discretion when calling these numbers
Use discretion when calling these numbers:

Lockheed Martin Flight Services

1-800-992-7433

BIS ATCT………......701-223-8790

MOT (FCT)…….…...701-852-2346

MOT APP (RAP)..…605-385-6198

GFK ATCT………….701-792-4280

FAR ATCT……….....701-235-8894

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