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CHAPTER. The United States in World War II. 25. Overview. Time Lines. 1. Mobilization on the Home Front. SECTION. 2. The War for Europe and North Africa. SECTION. 3. The War in the Pacific. SECTION. 4. The Impact of the War. SECTION. Chapter Assessment. Transparencies.

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The United States in World War II

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The united states in world war ii

CHAPTER

The United States in World War II

25

Overview

Time Lines

1

Mobilization on the Home Front

SECTION

2

The War for Europe and North Africa

SECTION

3

The War in the Pacific

SECTION

4

The Impact of the War

SECTION

Chapter Assessment

Transparencies


The united states in world war ii

THEMES IN CHAPTER 25

Women in America

Civil Rights

Immigration and Migration

The American Dream

CHAPTER

The United States in World War II

25

HOME

“We are now in this war. We are all in it—all the way.”

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt


The united states in world war ii

What do you know?

  • Read the quote and answer the following:

  • What event prompted President Roosevelt to decide, “We are now in this war”?

  • What do you think being in the war “all the way” meant for Americans?

  • Do you think most Americans agreed with the president at this point? Why or why not?

CHAPTER

The United States in World War II

25

HOME

“We are now in this war. We are all in it—all the way.”

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt


The united states in world war ii

1941The Manhattan Project is established to develop an atomic bomb. Japan bombs Pearl Harbor, and the United States declares war on Japan.

1942President Roosevelt signs an order forcing Japanese Americans into internment camps.

1943The Allies force Italy to surrender.

1944U.S. Marines take Iwo Jima.

1945V-E Day ends the war in Europe. United States bombs Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

CHAPTER

Time Line

25

HOME

The United States


The united states in world war ii

1941Germany invades Greece and Yugoslavia. Germany invades the Soviet Union.

1942The Nazis develop the “final solution” for exterminating Jews. Hitler orders attack on Stalingrad. Allies invade North Africa.

1944Allies invade occupied Europe on June 6, D-Day. Allied soldiers begin liberating survivors of Hitler’s death camps. Nazi retreat begins after Battle of the Bulge.

1943German soldiers surrender to Soviets at Stalingrad.

1945Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin meet at Yalta.

CHAPTER

Time Line

25

HOME

The World


The united states in world war ii

Learn About

Americans’ responses to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

To Understand

how the United States mobilizes its human and industrial resources to fight on two fronts.

SECTION

1

Mobilization on the Home Front

HOME


The united states in world war ii

SECTION

1

Mobilization on the Home Front

HOME

Key Idea

The United States enters the war and mobilizes its citizens and resources to give its allies unprecedented military and industrial support.


The united states in world war ii

establishment of OPA

Selective Service draft

conversion of industries to wartime production

creation of OSRD

employment of women in war industry

SECTION

1

Mobilization on the Home Front

HOME

1

Section

Assessment

SUMMARIZING

In what ways did the United States prepare for war?

Preparation for War1940–1941


The united states in world war ii

INTERPRETING

Why do you think President Roosevelt gave in to A. Philip Randolph’s demands for equal African-American participation in the war effort?

THINK ABOUT

  • the impact of a large demonstration in Washington on Roosevelt’s popularity

  • the relationship between blacks and whites in 1941

SECTION

1

Mobilization on the Home Front

HOME

1

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

FORMING OPINIONS

Do you think that President Roosevelt should have ordered the internment of Japanese Americans living on the West Coast?

THINK ABOUT

  • the founding principles of the United States

  • the human costs of internment

  • the behavior of Japanese Americans

  • the risks Japanese Americans posed to U.S. security

SECTION

1

Mobilization on the Home Front

HOME

1

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

Learn About

how the Allies coordinated the war effort.

To Understand

how they defeated Germany and Italy.

SECTION

2

The War for Europe and North Africa

HOME


The united states in world war ii

SECTION

2

The War for Europe and North Africa

HOME

Key Idea

The United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union cooperate in the fight to defeat Germany and its allies.


The united states in world war ii

July 1944Russians liberate first death camp.

April 1945Hitler commits suicide.

February 2, 1943Germans surrender at Stalingrad.

May 1944Battle of Anzio ends.

May 1943Last of Afrika Korps surrenders.

January 1945Germany loses Battle of the Bulge.

December 22, 1941Churchill and Roosevelt meet.

June 6, 1944Allies invade Normandy.

May 8, 1945Germany surrenders.

SECTION

2

The War for Europe and North Africa

HOME

2

Section

Assessment

FOLLOWING CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

What were the major events influencing the fighting in Europe and Africa?


The united states in world war ii

HYPOTHESIZING

What do you think might have happened if the Nazis had defeated the Soviets at Stalingrad?

THINK ABOUT

  • the military significance of a German victory

  • the psychological impact of a German loss

SECTION

2

The War for Europe and North Africa

HOME

2

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

FORMING OPINIONS

Do you agree with the decision by Roosevelt and Churchill to require unconditional surrender by the Axis Powers? Why or why not?

THINK ABOUT

  • the advantages of defeating a foe decisively

  • the advantages of ending a war quickly

  • how other conflicts, such as the Civil War and World War I, ended

SECTION

2

The War for Europe and North Africa

HOME

2

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

Learn About

U.S. strategy in the Pacific.

To Understand

how the Allies defeated Japan and ended World War II.

SECTION

3

The War in the Pacific

HOME


The united states in world war ii

SECTION

3

The War in the Pacific

HOME

Key Idea

America wages an aggressive military campaign against Japan in the Pacific islands and finally ends the war.


The united states in world war ii

SUMMARIZING

What was the significance of some key military actions in the Pacific during World War II?

MILITARY ACTION

SIGNIFICANCE

Philippines

Tokyo

Midway

Leyte Gulf

Okinawa

Hiroshima

Nagasaki

SECTION

3

The War in the Pacific

HOME

33

Section

Assessment

Japanese victory destroyed myth of white supremacy in Asia.

American bombing lifted American spirits.

Americans damaged Japanese air power by destroying aircraft carriers.

Reduced Japanese navy to minor role.

American victory allowed attack on Japan.

America became first country to use atomic bomb.

Caused Japan to surrender.


The united states in world war ii

DRAWING CONCLUSIONS

How was the United States able to defeat the Japanese in the Pacific theater?

THINK ABOUT

  • the geography of the region

  • the role of technology in the battles

  • the strategies used by each side

SECTION

3

The War in the Pacific

HOME

33

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

EVALUATING

Do you think that it is legitimate to hold people accountable for crimes committed during wartime? Why or why not?

THINK ABOUT

  • the laws that govern human behavior

  • the likelihood of conducting a fair trial

  • the behavior of soldiers, politicians, and civilians during war

SECTION

3

The War in the Pacific

HOME

3

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

Learn About

the impact of the war on life at home.

To Understand

the social and economic changes that helped reshape postwar America.

SECTION

4

The Impact of the War

HOME


The united states in world war ii

SECTION

4

The Impact of the War

HOME

Key Idea

Americans begin to adjust to new economic opportunities and continuing social problems after World War II.


The united states in world war ii

SUMMARIZING

What were some advances and problems in the economy and civil rights during World War II?

ADVANCES

PROBLEMS

ECONOMY

CIVIL RIGHTS

SECTION

4

The Impact of the War

HOME

4

Section

Assessment

low unemployment;rising crop prices;opportunity for women

shortages of housing and food

segregation;discrimination;race riots in Detroit and Los Angeles;internment of Japanese Americans

more equality in the military;founding of CORE


The united states in world war ii

DRAWING CONCLUSIONS

What effect do you think World War II had on traditional attitudes and beliefs held by Americans?

THINK ABOUT

  • the role of women in families and the economy

  • the relationship between the races

  • the impact of the federal government on society

SECTION

4

The Impact of the War

HOME

4

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

COMPARING

How were experiences of African Americans, Mexican Americans, and Japanese Americans similar during World War II?

THINK ABOUT

  • the role of each group in the military

  • governmental actions toward each group

  • wartime changes that affected minority groups

SECTION

4

The Impact of the War

HOME

4

Section

Assessment


The united states in world war ii

25

Chapter

Assessment

HOME

1. How did the U.S. military reflect the diversity of American society during World War II?

2. How did World War II affect life on the home front?

3. How did federal government actions influence civilian life during World War II?

4. How did the Allies win control of the Atlantic Ocean between 1941 and 1943?

5. What was the significance of the Battle of Stalingrad?


The united states in world war ii

25

Chapter

Assessment

HOME

6. How did the Battle of the Bulge signal the beginning of the end of World War II in Europe?

7. What strategy did the United States use in fighting the Japanese in the Pacific?

8. Why did President Truman decide to use atomic weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki?

9. How did the U.S. economy change during World War II?

10. What events show the persistence of racial tension during World War II?


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