Early civilizations
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Early Civilizations. Humans. What did we as a society need to survive? Air Water Food Shelter Clothing Love. Nomads. A member of a people who have no permanent abode and travel from place to place Earliest known humans were nomads Why travel?. Nomads. In groups discuss…

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Humans
Humans

  • What did we as a society need to survive?

    • Air

    • Water

    • Food

    • Shelter

    • Clothing

    • Love


Nomads
Nomads

  • A member of a people who have no permanent abode and travel from place to place

  • Earliest known humans were nomads

  • Why travel?


Nomads1
Nomads

  • In groups discuss…

    • Why would people travel so much?

    • What type of life would this be? Describe…

    • Be ready to discuss in whole group.


Nomads2
Nomads

  • Traveled to follow the hunt, when food was gone you traveled on.

  • Lived in make shift houses, tents.

  • Kept to families or small communities.

  • What would cause these type of people to finally find a permanent settlement?


Nomads3
Nomads

  • People learned to grow crops.

  • Where would you settle down?

    • Close to a water source.


5 earliest known settlements
5 earliest known settlements.

  • Tigris-Euphrates River, Iran (Garden of Eden)

  • Nile River, Egypt

  • Ganges River, India

  • Yellow River, China

  • Amazon River, South America


Your turn
Your Turn

  • In your groups, pretend that you were one of the early nomads that discovered how to grow crops and have settled in one of these five locations. Now what do you do? Now what happens for civilization?

  • As a group develop your own civilization. Name it, design it, etc.

  • Be prepared to share with class.


Civilization begins
Civilization begins…

  • Steps to Civilization:

  • 1. Irrigation Agriculture

  • 2. City States

  • 3. Temples, Priests, Organized Religion

  • 4. Development of Writing Systems

  • 5. Citadel, Royal Palaces, Kings & Bureaucracies

  • 6. Organized Warfare, creation of Empires

  • 7. Social stratification, classes

  • 8. Increase in trade, commerce, artisans

  • 9. Monumental architecture


  • City State: astateconsisting of a sovereign city and its dependencies. Among the mostfamousarethe great independent cities of the ancient world, Athens and Sparta

  • Families become communities, which become cities


Temples religion
Temples/Religion

Family beliefs become more practiced and shared

Answers questions to life and why things are the way they are

Gives hope?


Temples
Temples

  • Ancient Mesopotamia (Sumerians)

  • Fertile Crescent

    • Each city state built a temple to their special god.

    • The temple was built on a pyramid-shaped tower called a ziggurat.

    • From the wrapping terraces around the ziggurat people could watch ceremonies for their god.


Writing system
Writing System

Have to be able to communicate.

Makes things easier in life.

With communication comes the development of a writing system.

Oral stories now written. Religious texts now created.


Government
Government

-Creation of Government over the growing populations. People looking for leadership.

-Kings and Queens

-Theocracy: a government by divine authority

-Some cases religion is tied into kingdom leaders.


Organized warfare
Organized Warfare

Expansion of city states.

War/Battles over enemies to expand land.

Add slaves and add people to your way of life.


Classes
Classes

  • Caste System: India

    • People are born into, marry

      and die in caste

      Accept caste so that

      society will not go into

      chaos


Classes1
Classes

  • Class system: Egypt


Classes2
Classes

  • Ancient Mesopotamia Class system

  • King/Priest

  • Upper Class: property owners

  • Middle Class: Skilled workers, merchants, farmers

  • Slaves


Trade
Trade

  • Over the river….more like down/up the river

  • Societies started trading up/down rivers

    • Shared goods and beliefs

    • The Mediterranean Sea became a huge trading route for ancient Greece.


Monumental architecture
Monumental architecture

Abu Simbel

City of Petra


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