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Psychrometrics – Lecture 1. Reading: Chapter 9 in Henderson/Perry Handouts. Dr. C. L. Jones Biosystems and Ag. Engineering. Psychrometry. Study of physical and thermal properties of air and water vapor mixtures. Simply put: the science of drying. Dr. C. L. Jones

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Psychrometrics – Lecture 1

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Psychrometrics lecture 1

Psychrometrics – Lecture 1

  • Reading:

    • Chapter 9 in Henderson/Perry

    • Handouts

Dr. C. L. Jones

Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


Psychrometry

Psychrometry

  • Study of physical and thermal properties of air and water vapor mixtures.

  • Simply put: the science of drying

Dr. C. L. Jones

Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


Psychrometrics ideal gas law

Psychrometrics – Ideal Gas Law

  • Where:

    • p = absolute pressure

    • V = volume

    • N = number of kg-moles

    • R = universal gas constant

    • T = absolute temperature (K)

Dr. C. L. Jones

Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


Psychrometrics ideal gas law1

Psychrometrics – Ideal Gas Law

  • For a fixed number of moles of an ideal gas:

    • p1V1/T1=p2V2/T2

  • For Mixtures…Dalton’s Law pg. 238

  • Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometrics definition of terms

    Psychrometrics – Definition of Terms

    • Atmospheric air is always a mixture of dry air and water vapor. Physical and thermal quantities describe the state of the mixture…

      • Dry-bulb temperature: true temp. of the mixture

      • Saturation pressure: pressure where liquid and vapor forms of water are in equilibrium… evaporation rate = condensation rate

        • Use standard steam table or calculate (9.18)

          ln psat = 31.9602 – 6270.3605/T – 0.46057lnT (for 255.38 to 273.16 K)

          ln(psat/R’) = (A + BT + CT2 + DT3 + ET4)/(FT – GT2) (for 273.16 to 2533.16 K)

          K = C + 274.15

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometrics more terms

    Psychrometrics – more terms

    • Humidity ratio: mass of water vapor per unit mass of dry air

    • Relative humidity: measure of amount of water air can hold at a certain temperature

    • Specific Volume: vol. per unit mass of dry air at the state of the mixture…iow…space occupied by air…greater volume at warmer temperatures

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometrics yet more terms

    Psychrometrics – yet more terms

    • Dew-Point Temperature: temperature at which water will begin to condense out of moist air. (constant humidity ratio and pressure)

    • Wet-bulb Temperature: determined when air is circulated past a wet sensor tip. Temp. at which water evaporates and brings the air to saturation. (constant enthalpy) (adiabatic process)

    • Enthalpy: heat energy content of moist air

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometrics

    Psychrometrics

    • Mollier vs. Traditional charts

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometrics1

    Psychrometrics

    • Mollier vs. Traditional charts pg 252-253

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometrics state points

    Psychrometrics – State Points

    • Find a point using two properties…

    • Can find all of the other 5 properties

    • This point is called the “state point”

    • Example: 25°C dry bulb and 18° C wet bulb

      • Find enthalpy, sp. vol., humidity ratio, rh, dewpoint

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometrics2

    Psychrometrics

    • Mollier vs. Traditional charts

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometric processes application condensation

    Psychrometric Processes Application: condensation

    A carton of eggs was removed from the refrigerator and left on the kitchen counter. The refrigerator was set at a temperature of 5oC and the kitchen at 24oC, 30% relative humidity.

    Will condensation occur (i.e., "sweat" appear on eggs)?

    (def. of dew point: temperature at which water will begin to condense out of moist air)

    SOLUTION

    The corresponding dew-point temperature at 24oC and 30% relative humidity is 4.5oC. Since 4.5oC < 5oC, condensation will not occur.

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometric processes application power requirement for heaters

    Psychrometric Processes Application: power requirement for heaters

    • Example 9.10 pg. 258

      • Mass flow rate m = Q/v,

        • Q=vol. flow rate,

        • v=spec. vol. of air

          q = m(Δh) where q = rate of heat transfer

          So: q = (Q/v) Δh

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


    Psychrometric processes

    Psychrometric Processes

    • Application example: power requirement for heaters

    • Example 9.10 pg. 258

      • v = 0.8724 m^3/kg,

      • h1 = 55.8 kJ/kg,

      • h2 = 76.3 kJ/kg

    Dr. C. L. Jones

    Biosystems and Ag. Engineering


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