Using MLA Style (Modern Language Association) for Paper Formatting and Citations . Current MLA Handbook . MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers . 7th ed. New York : Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print . (use only the 7 th edition!). General MLA Guidelines:.
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.
(use only the 7th edition!)
Font: Times New Roman
Font size: 12 pt.
1’’ inch margins on all sides
your last name & page #
title of paper, centered
indent each paragraph
An in-text citation provides information about a source in the body of your paper.
Books (print or electronic)
Cover a variety of topics.
Newspaper Articles (print or electronic)
Include the latest events and trends.
Journal Articles (print or electronic)
Where to find the most up-to-date information and research in industry, business, and academia.
Government Reports and Legal Documents (print or electronic)
The government releases information intended for its own use or for public use.
Media sources such as radio and television broadcasts, interactive talks, and public meetings.
Where you reproduce part or all of someone else’s idea in your own words(paraphrasing).
Where you use or summarize someone else’s research.
Whenever you use a source, provide
The author’s last name and the page number
Example: (Jones 15)
Examples with One Author
Author’s last name and page # must be stated in an in-text citation
No comma between name and page unless with multiple authors
Examples with Two or Three Authors
If a source has two or three authors, place all of the authors' last names in the text.
Examples with Four or More Authors
You can name all the authors in the order that they appear in the source or list the first author with et al.
(Et al. is Latin for “and others”)
Example with an Unknown Author
Example with a Corporate or Government Agency as Author
(The abbreviation can also be used)
A works cited page is a list of all of the sources you have cited in your paper.
It contains citations which gives your readers the information necessary to find the source again, including:
Schlosser, Eric. Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All-
American Meal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001. Print.
“ Works Cited” must be centered
create hanging indent
your last name with page # of your paper
all works cited in alphabetical order by author’s last name
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle. Place of Publication (City): Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.
Example of book with one author:
Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin, 1987. Print.
Example of book with two authors:
Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon
Guide to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000. Print.
Example of book with three authors:
Gaston, John, Tom Jackson, and Sam S. Cates.
My Hero. 2nd ed. New York: Penguin, 2003. Print.
Book with four or more authors
Bassis, Michael S., et al. Sociology: An Introduction. 4th ed. New York: McGraw, 1991. Print.
Book with an editor (no author)
Vecchione, Patrice, ed. Faith and Doubt: An Anthology of Poems. New York: Holt, 2007. Print.
(magazines, journals, and newspapers)
Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical Day Month Year: Pages. Medium of Publication.
Example of Article in a Magazine:
Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time 20 Nov. 2000: 70-71. Print.
Article in a newspaper
Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's
Uninsured Patients." Washington Post 24 May
2007: 26-32. Print.
Anonymous article (no author)
"Business: Global Warming's Boom Town; Tourism in
Greenland." The Economist 26 May 2007: 82.
Articles from Databases
Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal. Volume Number . Issue number (Year): Pages. Name of Database.Medium. Date of Access
Scholarly journal from database:
Massaro, John. “Press Box Propaganda? The Cold War and Sports Illustrated 1956.” Journal of America. 2.3. (1999): 1-10. ProQuest.Web. 3 May 2012.
Newspaper article from database
Lieber, Ron. “In China, G.M. Stands as a Powerful Player.” New York Times 22 Apr. 2009, Late ed. 26. ProQuest Newspapers. Web. 3 May 2012.
Electronic book (eBook)
Sweet, William. Kicking the Carbon Habit: Global Warming and the Case for Renewable and Nuclear Energy. New York: Columbia UP, 2006. NetLibrary. Web. 14 Sept. 2007.
Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Web Site. Editor. Site Publisher or n.p., Day Month Year or n.d.Web. Day Month Year of Access.
Jones, Kenny. "Computers and Technology." Technology Today . Tech Savvy Publishing, 24 April 2011. Web. 10 Feb 2012.
Website with an author but no publication date:
Mazer, Cary M. Bernard Shaw: A Brief Biography. U of Pennsylvania, n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2007.
Website with a title but no author:
"Black Jazz Music." Jazz Today. Jazzy Medals Inc., 24 April 2011. Web. 10 Feb 2012.
Persson, Katherine. Personal interview. 11 Aug. 2009.
Film or video recording:
(Note: Start with the information you want to emphasize - title, performer, director or author)
Patton. Dir. Franklin J. Schaffner. Perf. George C. Scott. 1970. 20th Century Fox, 2006. DVD.
Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL):
Capital Community College: http://www.ccc.commnet.edu/mla/format.shtml
Son of Citation Machine: www.citationmachine.net
Easy Bib: www.easybib.com