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Luke’s Gospel (1). Grant Kunkel*, Sam Evans, Drawde Roxas , Mitch Hopkins, Matt Ortenzio , and Marcus Bell. Getting Started. Biographical Information of the Writer.

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Luke’s Gospel (1)

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Luke’s Gospel (1)

Grant Kunkel*, Sam Evans,

DrawdeRoxas, Mitch Hopkins,

Matt Ortenzio, and Marcus Bell

Getting Started


Biographical Information of the Writer

  • Tradition identifies Luke as a Gentile Christian as the author of the 3rd Gospel.

  • A strong proof that Luke authored the Gospel of Luke and the Acts o f the Apostles is that both are addressed to the same person, Theophilus.

  • Paul was a companion on Luke’s journey and it was most likely that Luke used a travel diary to help construct some of the history of the Acts.

  • Luke was from Antioch in Syria and died in Greece.

Biographical Information of the Writer (cont.)

  • Proof that Luke wrote to gentiles is his elimination of passages that might confuse a non-Jewish audience.

  • The author of Luke used 3 main sources:

    • Mark’s Gospel (60% of Mark’s appears in Luke’s)

    • Q (common source used by both Luke and Matthew)

    • L (sources unique to Luke)

  • The creation of the Gospel was 75 – 90 C.E.

  • Luke dedicates his gospel to a certain Theophilus (“lover of God”).

  • Three periods of Salvation History:

    • Relationship between Jesus and the history of Israel.

    • Jesus’ life, Death, and Resurrection.

    • The rapid spread of the apostolic church through the Gentile World.

  • Where was the Gospel Written?

    • Major cities of Christian communities such as Antioch and Rome, are strong theories of where Luke may have written his Gospel

    • But others claim that he never wrote his gospel in these large cities

    • They believe that Luke may have been in a secluded town close to Rome but far enough to focus on writing

    To whom was it written?Why?

    • Luke’s audience consisted of gentiles like the Greeks, as well as the poor and less fortunate

    • He did this because Luke wanted to spread their faith and he did so to the gentiles and the poor

    What is the Image of Jesus in the Gospel?

    • Luke presents Jesus as a compassionate Savior driven by the Holy Spirit. Jesus has come to save us, His children, so that we can have everlasting life with God our Father

    • Luke also portrays Jesus as the Messiah who brings His father’s message of forgiveness, love, and humanity through Jesus’ actions

      • Healing the sick

      • Touching and hanging out with the lepers who were often sent away

      • Treating women with respect and as equals

      • Associating with the hated Samaritans and other outcasts (criminals, poor, and those who possessed by demons)

    What is the Image of Jesus in the Gospel? (cont.)

    • As the center of history, Jesus, is guided and directed by the Holy Spirit to proclaim His message of salvation

    • Jesus is the Friend to the Friendless. It is Jesus who associates himself with the poor, lowly, and other outcasts. A humble Jesus teaches us that our actions and love should be displayed by our actions and not our words

    • Jesus is a Friend of Sinners. Just like Jesus’ love, God’s love is endless and everlasting no matter how often we mess up

    • Luke shows us a Jesus who is a “faithful witness” and describes Him as an excellent model for all Christians who believe in God and want to share His message to all

    The Symbolic Image in Luke’s Gospel

    • Luke is symbolized by a winged ox or bull – a figure of sacrifice, service, and strength

    • Luke’s account begins with the duties of Zacharias in the Temple

    • It represents Jesus’ sacrifice in His Passion and Crucifixion, as well as Christ being High Priest

    • The ox signifies that Christians should be prepared to sacrifice themselves in following Christ

    Why is Luke’s Gospel Unique?

    • Jesus is portrayed as a prophet.

    • The Church continues Jesus’ prophetic ministry.

    • The role of the Holy Spirit in Salvation History

      • 3 stages: Age of Promise, The time of Jesus, and The Age of the Church.

  • Prayer, Joy, Peace

  • The special role of Mary and women

  • Passages from Luke’s Gospel

    • Love For Enemies (Luke 10: 25-37)

      • The main parable is the Good Samaritan. Jesus breaks the barrier of love from just love in the community to love for everyone.

  • The Lord’s Witness (Luke 23-24)

    • Luke is the Lord’s (Kyriosfor Greek) witness. This is for the audience for his readers to give historical evidence of Jesus and to the true identity by a follower and disciple then just a person who met Jesus once or someone who had just heard of him.

  • Passages from Luke’s Gospel (cont.)

    • Compassionate to the Poor (Luke 16: 19-31)

      • Only gospel that records the story of Lazarus and the rich man. This also contributes to showing love for others less fortunate to us

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