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Unit14. Cultural information. Audiovisual supplement. Pre-reading Activities - Audiovisual supplement 1. Watch the video and answer the following questions. 1. Was the wedding in the video normal in the United States?

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Unit14

Unit14


Pre reading activities audiovisual supplement 1

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

Pre-reading Activities - Audiovisual supplement 1

Watch the video and answer the following questions.

1. Was the wedding in the video normal in the United States?

2. What do you know about wedding ceremony, both Chinese and American style?

No, it was not the ordinary wedding ceremony. It was held on the street and in a freezing winter night. And the priest was one of the friends of the bride, not the real priest.

Open.


Pre reading activities audiovisual supplement 2

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

Pre-reading Activities - Audiovisual supplement 2


Video script1

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

Joey: Phoebe:

Mike:

Okay ...

When I was growing up, I didn’t have a normal mom and dad, or a regular family like everybody else, and I always knew that something was missing. But now I’m standing here today, knowing that I have everything I’m ever gonna need ... You are my family.

Phoebe you’re so beautiful. You’re so kind, you’re so generous. You’re so wonderfully weird. Every day with you is an adventure, and I can’t believe how lucky I am, and I can’t wait to share my life with you forever.

Video Script1


Video script2

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

Phoebe:

Mike:

Ross:

Joey:

Ross:

Joey:

Phoebe:

Joey:

Mike:

Joey:

Oh wait, oh I forgot ... and uhm ... I love you ... and you have nice eyes.

I love you too.

Uh Joey ...

Yeah?

Chappy’s heart rate has slowed way down.

Oh, okay. Phoebe, do you take this man to be your husband?

I do.

Mike, do you take this woman to be your wife?

I do.

I now pronounce you ... husband and wife.

Video Script2


Video script3

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

Phoebe:

Oh, my God, I’m married!

Video Script3


Cultural information 1

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

1. Quote

Cultural information1

To make a lasting marriage we have to overcome self-centeredness.

— George Gordon Byron


Cultural information 2 1

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

2. Wedding Ceremony

Cultural information2.1

Chinese Wedding:

The three prayers of the traditional Chinese wedding ceremony contained elements of Taoism. The Chinese were mainly Taoists or ancestor worshipers before foreign religions such as Christianity, Muslim or Buddhism entered ancient China. Taoists believed in the power of heaven and earth to witness important events on earth. It was also believed that a parent or family elder must acknowledge a union for it to be official. An official at the wedding would direct the bride and groom to pray to heaven and earth first, then to the groom’s parents or family elders and lastly to


Cultural information 2 2

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

bow to each other. The official would then declare the ceremony completed successfully and asked the wedding guests to escort the couple into the bridal chamber, the equivalent of the bridal room, to consummate their marriage.

Cultural information2.2


Cultural information 2 3

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

3. U. S. Wedding:

In the United States the traditional western wedding custom of the bride wearing a white dress was, during the Victorian era, intended to symbolize purity, although despite popular misconception not necessarily to indicate virginity. A white face veil is worn with the dress to symbolize virginity. Following strict “White Wedding” tradition, a white dress and veil are not worn for the second or third wedding after becoming a widow or a divorcee.

Another popular custom during a traditional ceremony is “Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue”. According to this long-standing custom, it

Cultural information2.3


Cultural information 2 4

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

is considered good luck for the bride to carry something of each category during the ceremony. Often a bride will try to carry one item that meets all these definitions if possible.

The wedding ceremony is usually followed by a wedding reception where a meal and wedding cake are served. At the reception the guests will toast the newlyweds before the meal and after the meal the bride and groom will cut the wedding cake and serve it to the guests. Another enjoyable tradition during the reception is for guests to randomly clink their silverware on their glass which obliges the newlyweds each time to kiss. After the meal and cake there is dancing, with the newlyweds usually having the first dance.

Cultural information2.4


Cultural information 2 5

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

At some point during the reception gifts and cards are given to the newlyweds. A favorite custom during the reception is for the bride to turn her back and throw her bouquet backwards to a group of unmarried women at the wedding, the woman who catches it will be supposedly the next one to marry! A modern twist has the groom throwing the bride’s garter to a group of the unmarried men with the man catching it being the next male to marry.

Music is an important part of the wedding ceremony and the reception. The most common song used during the wedding procession is the “Bridal Chorus”, also known as “Here Comes the Bride” by Richard Wagner. The “Wedding

Cultural information2.5


Cultural information 2 6

Cultural information

Audiovisual supplement

March” by Felix Mendelssohn and Johann Pachelbel’s “Canon in D” are also often used as a processional march. At the reception a variety of music will be played, usually by a live band. The 1950’s Swiss Oom-pah song “Der Ententanz”, commonly known in America as “The Chicken Dance”, has become a popular song to be played at some point during the reception.

Cultural information2.6


Global reading main idea1

__________

__________________________________

Main idea

Structural analysis

At the beginning of this one-act play, the storyteller intends to tell a , wedding story for children at , so he / she tells a fairy tale in which everything is , but far from life. In the process he / she is interrupted, or “corrected” by

from time to time. Such corrections gradually unfold before us the real picture of their

. At the couple’s persistent request, the storyteller then gives a second version of their wedding story, which is true to life, but very . The absurdity emerges when the storyteller gives his / her wish “

.” A conventional and well-

Global Reading - Main idea1

pleasant

rosy

_________

____

bedtime

_________

perfect and idealized

real

_______________________

____

the bride and groom

______________________

relationship

_____________

pathetic

_________

I bid you

a good night and sweet dreams


Global reading main idea2

Main idea

Structural analysis

intentioned fairy tale is thus rejected by , and the

story for children turns out to be a picture of a wedding that is not worth aspiring to at all.

reality

_______

Global Reading - Main idea2

gruesome

bedtime

___________

_________


Structural analysis 1 2

Main idea

Structural analysis

1. How is the conflict of the play manifested?

Structural analysis 1-2

In this play, the conflict is manifested in the frequent interruptions made by the young couple when the storyteller tells his first version of the wedding story.

2. What caused the interruptions?

The interruptions are caused by two reasons. One is that his story is contrary to the couple’s real life experiences. The other has to do with the frequent bickering between the man and the woman.


Structural analysis 3 1

Main idea

Structural analysis

3. Divide the play into parts by completing the table.

Structural analysis 3.1

These directions for the staging of the play provide basic information on characters, scene and time, all of which have been colored rosy.

The storyteller has just finished a story (the end), but is requested to tell another one.

The storyteller introduces the other two characters, the bride and the groom, describes their appearances, and adds some details to their perfectness.


Structural analysis 3 2

Main idea

Structural analysis

Structural analysis 3.2

It tells the first clash between what the storyteller intends to say and what the young couple have actually experienced, and the reason why the story sounds

far-fetched.

The first bickering between the young man and the young woman concerns their romance in the past.

It tells both the clash (between the storyteller’s account and the young couple’s true experience) and the bickering (between the bride and the groom).


Structural analysis 3 3

Main idea

Structural analysis

Structural analysis 3.3

The storyteller insists that every detail should proceed in accordance with the typical fairy tale, while the couple again raises objection about their ages. Besides, it seems that the bride still suspects that the young man has concealed something from her.

It shows the incongruence between what the storyteller says and the couple’s own experience, and the clue of the couple’s lack of knowledge and understanding about each other.


Structural analysis 3 4

Main idea

Structural analysis

Structural analysis 3.4

The conflict reaches its climax in this part, and the conflicts (between the storyteller and the couple, and between the groom and the bride) are made explicit.

At the persistent request of the couple, the storyteller gives the second version of the wedding story which reflects the hard and pathetic reality.


Detailed reading1 5

Detailed reading

Detailed reading1-5

THE WEDDING STORY

Julianne Homokay

CHARACTERS

STORYTELLER, a storyteller. A soothing presence.

Male or female, doesn’t matter, as long as hugs are

inspired.

BRIDE, the “perfect” bride.

GROOM, the “perfect” groom.

1

5


Detailed reading6 11

Detailed reading

SCENE

A land where grass is always green, the sun is always shining, and fences are always white picket.

TIME

A sunny day in sunny June, the height of the perfect

wedding season. In Vermont.

(Lights up on the STORYTELLER reading from a

leather-bound volume with gilded pages.)

10

Detailed reading6-11


Detailed reading12 17

Detailed reading

15

STORYTELLER: (closing the volume) The End. Good night, sleep tight, don’t let the bedbugs bite. What? You want to hear another one? But it’s a school night. Okay, okay, just this once. I’m such

a pushover. What type of story shall we hear?

(ad-libif the audience yells out suggestions) How about a fairy tale for our times? A field of dreams fenced in by white picket, a story of the young man and woman we all hope to be someday? Too bad, that’s what you’re getting.

Detailed reading12-17


Detailed reading18 22

Detailed reading

Detailed reading18-22

20

(The STORYTELLER opens the volume back up. Lights up on BRIDE and GROOM in traditional garb standing on top of a wedding cake.)

Once upon a time there was a young woman, pretty

as a day in June.

(The BRIDE does the royal wave.)

A young man stood by her side, smart as a whip and

handsome as a polo horse.


Detailed reading23 27

Detailed reading

Detailed reading23-27

25

(The GROOM salutes.)

They met in high school and fell in love on a merry day in May.

(The BRIDE and GROOM whisper to each other.)

Before long, the young man dropped to his knee, pulled a diamond from his pocket, and

won the young woman’s hand in marriage.


Detailed reading28 33

Detailed reading

Detailed reading28-33

30

BRIDE: Uh, excuse us, Mr. Storyteller?

(The STORYTELLER looks back at them, confused.

The BRIDE and GROOM smile and wave. The STORYTELLER waves back.)

STORYTELLER: Moving right along. With the blessings of their compatible —

BRIDE: Mr. Storyteller!

STORYTELLER: Excuse me a moment. (to BRIDE) Yes, what is it?


Detailed reading34 40

Detailed reading

35

40

BRIDE: We didn’t exactly meet in high school.

STORYTELLER: Yes you did, it says so right here.

BRIDE: We met in a bar.

GROOM: And we dated on and off for five years while she experimented with foreigners.

STORYTELLER: How nice. Well, for our purposes, let’s say you met in high school, shall we? (back to the kids) So, with the blessings of their compatible families, the young man and woman were to be Bride and Groom.

Detailed reading34-40


Detailed reading41 48

Detailed reading

BRIDE: (to GROOM) Wait a minute. As I recall, you kept breaking it off.

GROOM: What?

BRIDE: Yeah. Then you’d want me back the minute I had a new boyfriend.

GROOM: You certainly didn’t waste any time running into the arms of the first guy who had an accent.

STORYTELLER: (to BRIDE and GROOM) Sssssh. Let’s

45

Detailed reading41-48

don’t argue in front of the impressionable youngsters. (to children) The bride soon set in on the wedding preparations.


Detailed reading49 55

Detailed reading

50

55

BRIDE: (to GROOM) I never realized you were a racist.

GROOM: I’m not, I was fine with the fact you’d slept with black men.

BRIDE: You’re assuming that “racism” automatically refers to African-Americans. Isn’t that a form of racism itself?

STORYTELLER: Excuse me, ma’am, sir, firmie those bouches so I can return to the story, thank you.

Detailed reading49-55

GROOM: By all means. Don’t let anything silly like our issues get in your way.


Detailed reading56 64

Detailed reading

STORYTELLER: Look, will you play along? The children will have ample opportunity to be disillusioned later, let’s just have a nice bedtime story, okay? Okay. (to the children) AS I WAS SAYING, the preparations. They were to be married in a beautiful church—

GROOM: (under his breath) Drive-thru chapel in Vegas.

STORYTELLER: — followed by an elegant reception at

an old inn in Vermont.

Detailed reading56-64

60

BRIDE: (under her breath) Back room at the Star Dust Lounge.


Detailed reading65 72

Detailed reading

STORYTELLER: The bride put Martha Stewart to

shame as she had the evening designed to the

last detail —

Detailed reading65-72

GROOM: (to BRIDE) Ha! That really sounds like you.

STORYTELLER: — from the linen napkins to the centerpieces of purple freesia and Italian Ruscus.

BRIDE: (to GROOM) I think he was invited to someone else’s wedding.

65

GROOM: And why is he assuming the bride always has the taste? Does it never occur to anyone that the


Detailed reading73 79

Detailed reading

groom might want to participate? I worked my

way through law school as a floral designer, that’s how I know freesia is all wrong for a centerpiece,

except maybe as an accent flower.

70

Detailed reading73-79

BRIDE: You were a floral designer?

GROOM: You need to base your arrangement on a more substantial bloom, like a lily or anorchid.

BRIDE: Brad, is there something you want to tell me?

75

STORYTELLER: Actually, there is something I want to tell these youngsters so they can get to bed at a decent hour. THE STORY.

BRIDE: Well huffy huff huff.


Detailed reading80 87

Detailed reading

80

85

STORYTELLER: So, they had their flawless reception for 300 guests at a turn-of-the-century inn in Vermont —

BRIDE: You know, we’re not from Vermont. We’ve never even been to Vermont.

STORYTELLER: — at which all had a delightful time.

GROOM: (to BRIDE) What do you mean is there something I want to tell you?

Detailed reading80-87

STORYTELLER: Immediately following the splendid reception —

BRIDE: I mean, is there something you haven’t been honest with me about? With yourself about?


Detailed reading88 95

Detailed reading

90

GROOM: Like what?

STORYTELLER: The bride, at the tender age of 24 —

(The GROOM laughs out loud.)

WHAT? WHAT’S SO FUNNY?

GROOM: She’s not even close to 24.

STORYTELLER: Now just wait a minute here, Buster Brown, whose story is this?

Detailed reading88-95

BRIDE/GROOM: Ours.

STORYTELLER: Wrong. This is a fairy tale, I’m going for prototypes.


Detailed reading96 104

Detailed reading

100

BRIDE: But I’m 35.

STORYTELLER: In this story, you’re 24. The average American woman gets married at 24.

BRIDE: How old does that make him?

STORYTELLER: 27. Why, how old is he really?

GROOM: I’m the one that’s 24.

STORYTELLER: Isn’t that a little young to be getting married?

BRIDE: How come 24’s okay for me but not for him?

Detailed reading96-104

STORYTELLER: You’re the woman. You’re supposed to be younger.


Detailed reading105 114

Detailed reading

105

110

BRIDE: Jesus.

STORYTELLER: Now, before I was interrupted for the umpteenth time, boys and girls, I was saying that after the reception, the 24-year-old bride was whisked away in a horse-drawn carriage by her 27-year-old Prince Charming.

BRIDE: Whisked away where?

STORYTELLER: I don’t know. To ... the ... airport.

BRIDE: Which one?

STORYTELLER: The Airport of ... Vermont.

BRIDE: There’s one in Burlington and one in Montpelier.

GROOM: How did you know that?

Detailed reading105-114


Detailed reading115 122

Detailed reading

BRIDE: I majored in geography.

GROOM: You did?

BRIDE: (to STORYTELLER) So Mr. Fancy Pants, which one was it?

STORYTELLER: The one where you caught your flight to Hawaii for your honeymoon.

BRIDE: This whole fairy tale is completely out of hand.

115

120

Detailed reading115-122

Anyone knows there’s no flights from Vermont to Hawaii. You have to fly through Logan or LAX. Or both. And anyway, I highly doubt they’d let the horses in the terminal.


Detailed reading123 129

Detailed reading

STORYTELLER: Oh, for God’s sake, what’s the bigdeal in telling the children a nice little story?

BRIDE: No one’s life turns out like that.  How many of those kids will live up to your version of the story? None! They can’t, it’s too much pressure. It’s like why Catholic women are all messed up. You can’t

125

Detailed reading123-129

be a virgin AND be a mother. And Brad, I probably shouldn’t have married you to begin with.

GROOM: Shayna, how can you say that?


Detailed reading130 136

Detailed reading

130

135

BRIDE: You’re probably gay.

GROOM: What?

BRIDE: Oh c’mon, how many straight male floral designers do you know?

GROOM: That’s what you thought I needed to be honest about?

BRIDE: You didn’t even know I majored in geography!

Detailed reading130-136

Listen, if we’re talking averages here, most people don’t get married in Vermont. They get married in their one-horse hometowns that have WalMarts and bad zoning.


Detailed reading137 143

Detailed reading

140

STORYTELLER: What’s wrong with that?

BRIDE: NOTHING. THAT’S MY POINT. MOST people do get married in their hometowns. MOST people cheat on their spouses or end up in counseling or sell everything they own to get into a lousy nursing home. Put that in your fairy tale

and smoke it.

Detailed reading137-143

STORYTELLER: No one’s smoking anything. There are children present.

BRIDE: And God forbid we tell them what life is really like.


Detailed reading144 150

Detailed reading

145

150

GROOM: She’s got a point there. You’re opening yourself up for multiple class action suits, Mister.

STORYTELLER: Fine. I’ve had it. You want the truth, the whole truth, and nothing

but the truth, the whole enchilada, the proverbial

hook, line, and sinker?Well far be it from me to give these little souls something to which

Detailed reading144-150

to aspire.

BRIDE/GROOM: Do it! Do it! (ad-lib)

STORYTELLER: I’m warning you, it won’t be pretty.


Detailed reading151 157

Detailed reading

155

BRIDE/GROOM: We stand warned.

STORYTELLER: I’m such a pushover.

(opens the volume back up)

Once upon a time in a trailer park not so far away,

there lived a woman approaching middle age

who drank a lot of bourbon, smoked a pack a

day, hung out in places where they throw

peanut shells on the floor —

BRIDE: All right already.

Detailed reading151-157


Detailed reading158 161

Detailed reading

STORYTELLER: — and a young, slightly effeminate man who took it up the ass once from a fellow Eagle Scout,but since it only happened once when he was 17 and drunk on Kahlua, he still considered himself straight.

GROOM: Hey hey hey.

STORYTELLER: The woman and the man met in a bar one night where they got drunk and slept together afterwards at her place. Since the woman felt guilty about the one-night stand,

she felt she needed to make a legitimate

160

Detailed reading158-161


Detailed reading162 169

Detailed reading

relationship out of the encounter to justify the sex, even though she really prefers black men. To stay deep in the dark closet, the man proposed to the woman, and since she’s 35 and, let’s face it, not getting any younger, she accepted his pathetic offer because it was a real ego boost to have snagged a hot stud eleven years younger than she, even if he does have the occasional problem having sex with her because he’s really gay. 

165

Detailed reading162-169


Detailed reading170 174

Detailed reading

170

Although the man offered to plan the entire wedding with his best friend Steve, the woman insisted they hire a horse-drawn carriage to drop them off at the Airport of Vermont, from which they took six connecting flights to Las Vegas to get married by an Elvis impersonator. To celebrate, they showed up at the Star Dust Lounge, at which they bought all the bar patrons cheeseballs and Budweiser.

Detailed reading170-174


Detailed reading175 178

Detailed reading

Detailed reading175-178

175

When they arrived back home in Weehawken,

New Jersey, the Groom, unable to suppress his

inner self for a moment longer, took up with a

drag queen from SoHo, and the Bride, realizing

she’d never be a mother, consoled herself with

vodka and Xanax and died of a somewhat accidental overdose three years later. The Groom,


Detailed reading179 184

Detailed reading

now 27, took up wearing cowboy hats and chaps, and made the unfortunate mistake of traveling to Wyoming on business where he was dragged to

his death behind a 4x4 by a bunch of homophobic rednecks. The drag queen wrote a show about the three of them in which he played all the parts, won a Genius Grant, and landed his own talk show on New York City cable access.

(shuts book, exits)

180

Detailed reading179-184


Detailed reading185 188

Detailed reading

Detailed reading185-188

185

I bid you good night and sweet dreams, children.

The End.

BRIDE/GROOM: (ad-lib, following the STORYTELLER off) Uh, Mr. Storyteller, wait, it’s okay, you

can tell the other version, etc.

(lights down.)


Detailed reading quesion 1 11

Detailed reading

1-10

Detailed reading--Quesion 1-11

1. What is the intended image of the storyteller who is described at the beginning?

The intended image of the storyteller is that of an amiable person who brings peace and comfort to children.

2. What sort of storybook does the storyteller read from?

The storybook from which the storyteller reads his wedding story is a leather-bound volume with gilded pages. The antiquated look of the book suggests that the notion of marriage conveyed by the story is out-of-fashion.


Detailed reading quesion 12 17

Detailed reading

10-15

Detailed reading--Quesion 12-17

What is the purpose of the storyteller to give another story?

The storyteller hopes that a nice fairy tale will enable the children to have a good night’s sleep and beautiful dreams.


Detailed reading quesion 18 27

Detailed reading

20-25

Detailed reading--Quesion 18-27

How are the bride and the groom described by the storyteller?

The bride is described as “pretty as a day in June”, while the groom as “smart as a whip and handsome as a polo horse.” Both of them behave in a graceful manner: the bride “does the royal wave,” and the groom “salutes.”


Detailed reading quesion 28 40

Detailed reading

30-40

Detailed reading--Quesion 28-40

Why does the bride call the storyteller twice?

She wants to interrupt him and tell him that they actually met in a bar, not in high school.


Detailed reading quesion 41 55

Detailed reading

40-55

Detailed reading--Quesion 41-55

What is the role of the storyteller in the quarrel?

The storyteller is trying to mediate, or even trying to pacify the bickering of the couple: “Let’s don’t argue in front of the impressionable youngsters,” “firmie those bouches so I can return to the story.”


Detailed reading quesion 56 79 1

Detailed reading

55-80

Detailed reading--Quesion 56-79.1

1. How does the storyteller’s account clash with the young couple’s experience about the venue of the marriage?

According to the storyteller’s account, the marriage took place in a beautiful church, and there was an elegant reception at an old inn in Vermont; while according to the young couple, it took place in a drive-through chapel and the reception was in the back room at the Star Dust Lounge. Usually, a church is a formal religious building, while a drive-through chapel is a small subordinate place for new couples to rush through the marriage ceremony. In addition, the Star Dust hotel is a casino, so a back room at its lounge is not an appropriate place for marriage receptions.


Detailed reading quesion 56 79 2

Detailed reading

2. What can be inferred from the bride’s utterances “You were a floral designer?” and “Brad, is there anything you want to tell me?”

Detailed reading--Quesion 56-79.2

The implication is that the revelation makes the woman suspect he is homosexual, floral design being popularly thought of as an occupation that would attract this type of man.

3. What does the young man mean when he makes comments on floral design and arrangement?

The groom implies that he has a better taste and can do a better job in floral designing.


Detailed reading quesion 80 104

Detailed reading

80-105

Detailed reading--Quesion 80-104

1. Why does the storyteller insist that the groom should be 27 years old and the bride 24?

Because the storyteller believes that the average American man and woman get married at 27 and 24 respectively.

2. What can be inferred from the storyteller’s saying “This is a fairy tale. I’m going for prototypes”?

It can be inferred that the story is not based on reality, and that the storyteller intends to tell what marriage should be like rather than what it actually is. The couple mistake the story for their own experience.


Detailed reading quesion 105 122

Detailed reading

105-125

Detailed reading--Quesion 105-122

Which part in this section reinforces the audience’s impression about the couple’s relationship?

The detailed knowledge of airports’ location the young woman talks about and the young man’s surprise at her majoring in geography reinforce the audience’s impression about their relationship: they do not seem to know each other very well besides their sexual excursions.


Detailed reading quesion 123 150 1

Detailed reading

120-150

Detailed reading--Quesion 123-150.1

1. What analogy is used by the woman? How is it related to that particular situation?

The woman uses an analogy of Catholic women who are confused by the Bible, according to which Jesus Christ’s mother, i.e. the Blessed Virgin Mary, was a virgin. The analogy suggests that you cannot expect children to accept both pictures that are totally incongruous with each other.


Detailed reading quesion 123 150 2

Detailed reading

Detailed reading--Quesion 123-150.2

2. Why does the woman say that she should not have married the man?

Because she thinks that most male floral designers are gay, as is implied by her rhetorical question “how many straight male floral designers do you know?” So he is probably gay, too.


Detailed reading quesion 151 188

Detailed reading

150-190

Detailed reading--Quesion 151-188

How does the second version of the wedding story differ from the first one?

The second version of the wedding story is different from the first one, but closer to the truth, in the following respects: the venue where the couple first met, the personalities and life experiences of the groom and the bride, wedding location and process, as well as their married life.


Detailed reading pushover

Detailed reading

pushover n.

sb. who is easy to persuade or influence

Detailed reading– pushover

e.g.

They aren’t the best team in the league, but they’re no pushover, either.

I think he will agree — he’s a pushover.

Collocation:

be a pushover for

e.g.

Tony is a pushover for blondes.


Detailed reading salute

Detailed reading

salute vt.

greet or address with an expression of respect

Detailed reading– salute

e.g.

The men jumped to their feet and saluted the officer.

We salute the flag every day at school.

Derivation:

salute n.

e.g.

The officer raised his hand in salute.

Synonym:

greet


Detailed reading pretty as a

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– pretty as a …

pretty as a day in June

Explanation:

a common expression. June has the reputation of having the best weather in the Northeast of the U.S.

Translation:

如同六月的日子一样美妙


Detailed reading handsome as a

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– handsome as a …

handsome as a polo horse

Explanation:

an original simile created by the author. Polo horses are renowned for having majestic, strong bodies.


Detailed reading won the young

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– won the young …

… won the young woman’s hand in marriage.

Explanation:

The word “hand” here means a promise or pledge of marriage by a woman. And this kind of figure of speech is called “synecdoche” which substitutes a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa.

e.g.

The gray beard is an old professor.

In order to rebuild the school, we advertised for recruiting more hands.


Detailed reading compatible

Detailed reading

compatible a.

likely to have a good relationship because of being similar

Detailed reading-- compatible

The couple separated because they were not compatible.

They are very compatible as a couple.

e.g.

Collocation:

compatible with

Derivation:

compatibility n.

Synonym:

harmonious, well-matched

Antonym:

incompatible


Detailed reading impressionable

Detailed reading

impressionable a.

easy to influence

Detailed reading-- impressionable

The kids are at an impressionable age.

More wholesome programmes are necessary for teenagers as they are at an impressionable age.

e.g.

Derivation:

impression n.

Synonym:

vulnerable


Detailed reading set in

Detailed reading

set in

if something sets in, especially something unpleasant, it begins and seems likely to continue for a long time

Detailed reading– set in

Winter seems to be setting in early this year.

Further economic decline set in during the 1930s.

e.g.


Detailed reading in one s way

Detailed reading

in one’s way

forming an obstacle to one’s movement or action

Detailed reading– in one’s way

e.g.

If you want to study English, we won’t stand in your way.

A real friend never gets in your way, unless you happen to be on the way down.

真正的朋友决不会挡住你的去路,除非你在走下坡路。


Detailed reading racist

Detailed reading

racist n.

sb. who does not like or respect people who belong to races that are different from their own and who thinks their race is better than others

Detailed reading-- racist

e.g.

He denied being a racist.

He is a racist who refuses to employ blacks.

Derivation:

racial a.

racism n.


Detailed reading put sb to shame

Detailed reading

put sb. to shame

make sb. feel ashamed of themselves by outdoing them

Detailed reading– put sb. To shame

e.g.

His cooking puts mine to shame.

They are so efficient that they put us to shame.


Detailed reading decent 1

Detailed reading

decent a.

reasonable, proper

Detailed reading– decent 1

e.g.

It’s increasingly difficult to find a decent job nowadays.

Don’t you have a decent suit for tonight’s party?

Derivation:

decently ad.

Antonym:

improper, inappropriate


Detailed reading decent 2

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– decent 2

Activity: Write in each space the synonym for each given word.

1. salute

2. compatible

3. impressionable

4. decent

greet

__________________

harmonious

__________________

vulnerable

__________________

proper

__________________


Detailed reading the bride put

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– the bride put …

The bride put Martha Stewart to shame ...

Explanation:

Martha Steward (1941– ) is an American business magnate, television host, author and magazine publisher. She is also the publisher of two award-winning magazines Martha Stewart Living and Martha Stewart Wedding.


Detailed reading go for

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– go for

go for

choose (sth.); favour (sth.)

e.g.

Children go for brightly colored pictures.

Synonym:

prefer, select

Antonym:

refuse


Detailed reading prototype

Detailed reading

prototype n.

the first or most typical example of sth.

Detailed reading-- prototype

e.g.

The prototype of this particular computer was developed by an American engineer in 1975.

The company showed the prototype of the new model at the exhibition.

Derivation:

prototypical a.

Collocation:

prototype of / for

Synonym:

original

Antonym:

copy


Detailed reading umpteenth

Detailed reading

umpteenth a.

used when describing that sth. has happened many times

Detailed reading– umpteenth

e.g.

I’ve told this story for the umpteenth times.

“Stop worrying,” she told herself for the umpteenth time.


Detailed reading whisk

Detailed reading

whisk v.

move quickly in an efficient way

Detailed reading– whisk

e.g.

I was whisked into hospital with fierce abdominal pains.

The police whisked her away in a van.


Detailed reading for god s sake

Detailed reading

for God’s sake

used when you are annoyed or impatient with sb.

Detailed reading– for god’s sake

e.g.

Why didn’t you tell me for God’s sake?

For God’s sake, please help me!


Detailed reading out of hand

Detailed reading

out of hand

1) without thought or consideration

Detailed reading– out of hand

e.g.

They rejected my plans out of hand, which drove me crazy.

2) out of control; uncontrollable

e.g.

Without discipline the children would get completely out of hand.

When rates of inflation get out of hand, financial markets often break down.

Collocation:

get out of hand


Detailed reading you have to

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– you have to …

You have to fly through Logan or Lax.

Explanation:

Logan is an airport in Boston and Lax is an airport in Los Angeles.


Detailed reading big deal

Detailed reading

big deal

1) the cause (of the confusion or excitement), normally used in the question “What’s the big deal?” meaning “What’s happened?”

Detailed reading– big deal

e.g.

What’s the big deal? It’s only a birthday, not the end of the world.

2) an ironic expression suggesting that sb. or sth. is really not very good, important or impressive

e.g.

Just forget it. It’s not a big deal.

Synonym:

matter of life and death, major concern


Detailed reading to begin with

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– to begin with

to begin with

1) at first

e.g.

I didn’t break it! It was like that to begin with.

The new taxes won’t raise much money to begin with, but will in a few years’ time.

2) used to introduce the first of several things you want to say

e.g.

Well, to begin with, he shouldn’t even have been driving my car.

To begin with, he is too old for the job.


Detailed reading cheat on

Detailed reading

cheat on

to be unfaithful to your husband, wife, or sexual partner by secretly having sex with someone else

Detailed reading– cheat on

e.g.

It is not true that all the guys cheat on their wives when they are away.

The magazine claims that almost half of Britain’s women cheat on their partners.


Detailed reading end up

Detailed reading

end up

finally be in a particular situation that you did not intend to find yourself in

Detailed reading– end up

e.g.

We ended up having to postpone our decision.

Anyone who swims in the river could end up with a nasty stomach upset.

He could end up as President.

Collocation:

end up doing sth.

end up with sth.

end up as


Detailed reading open up

Detailed reading

open up

stop being shy and say what you really think

Detailed reading– open up

e.g.

It takes a long time for him to open up.

After a few drinks he began to open up a bit.


Detailed reading aspire

Detailed reading

aspire v.

have a strong desire or hope to do or have sth.

Detailed reading-- aspire

e.g.

He lived only to aspire after what was good and great.

She aspires to nothing less than the chairmanship of the company.

The little boy aspired to be a great writer.

Collocation:

aspire after / to sth.

Derivation:

aspiration n.

Synonym:

aim, be after


Detailed reading put that in

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– put that in …

Put that in your fairy tale and smoke it.

Explanation:

The sentence is a twisted version of the idiom “Put that in your pipe and smoke it,” which is an informal expression used to indicate that someone should accept what one has said, even if it is unwelcome.

Translation:

不能改变既成事实。


Detailed reading hook line and

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– hook line and …

hook, line, and sinker

Explanation:

(inf.) entirely, completely. The phrase comes from angling, depicting a fish swallowing not only the baited hook, but also the line and sinker.

Translation:

完全彻底,完全地,全部地


Detailed reading well far be

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– well far be …

Well far be it from me to give these little souls something to which to aspire.

Explanation:

Well, it is far from me to tell these little children something about adult life so that they would have a strong desire to strive for it. In other words, he would never do it (though the statement is intended ironically to indicate the opposite).


Detailed reading hang out

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– hang out

hang out

spend time in a particular place or with particular people

e.g.

I don’t really know who she hangs out with.

He knew all the clubs where he usually hung out.

Collocation:

hang out with


Detailed reading effeminate

Detailed reading

Detailed reading-- effeminate

effeminate a.

behaving like a woman

e.g.

The singer was a slender, graceful, rather effeminate young man.

They found European males slightly effeminate.

He spoke in an effeminate voice.

他讲起话来一副娘娘腔。

Derivation:

effeminately ad.

effeminacy n.


Detailed reading encounter

Detailed reading

encounter a.

a casual or unexpected meeting

Detailed reading-- encounter

e.g.

He began training the young musician after a chance encounter at a concert.

His first encounter with Wilson was back in 1989.

There seemed to be hostile encounters between supporters of rival football teams.

Derivation:

encounter vt.

Collocation:

encounter with

encounter between


Detailed reading pathetic

Detailed reading

Detailed reading-- pathetic

pathetic a.

making one feel sadness or sympathy

e.g.

Most murderers are pathetic creatures who regret their crimes immediately.

The academic standards in the school were pathetic.

Synonym:

pitiable, distressing


Detailed reading ego

Detailed reading

Detailed reading-- ego

ego n.

the opinion that one has about oneself

e.g.

Richard has the biggest ego of anyone I’ve ever met.

It was a blow to my ego, and meant I would have to look for a new job.

Synonym:

self-worth, self-esteem, self-image


Detailed reading suppress

Detailed reading

suppress vt.

control a feeling so it does not affect one

Detailed reading-- suppress

e.g.

For ten years Jack had suppressed his love for his brother’s wife.

Even the grave old gentleman could not suppress a laugh.

Synonym:

restrain, keep back, hold back, curb

Antonym:

express

Derivation:

suppression n.

suppressible a.


Detailed reading overdose

Detailed reading

overdose n.

too much of a drug taken at one time

Detailed reading-- overdose

e.g.

Quick, call an ambulance, I think he’s taken an overdose.

He died by taking an overdose.

Derivation:

overdose vt.

Collocation:

overdose of sth.


Detailed reading who took it

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– who took it …

… who took it up the ass once from a fellow Eagle Scout

Explanation:

… who once had sex with a fellow Eagle Scout. “Take it up the ass” is a vulgar slang expression referring to the sexual act between two homosexuals. An Eagle Scout is a boy scout who has achieved the highest ranking in U.S. scouting.


Detailed reading to stay deep

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– to stay deep …

To stay deep in the dark closet …

Explanation:

“The closet” refers to a state of secrecy or concealment, especially about one’s homosexuality. In the phrase, the writer uses “dark” and “deep” to imply that the man keeps his homosexuality a secret with his marriage, with the woman as a decent facade.

Translation:

隐瞒秘密


Detailed reading because it was

Detailed reading

Detailed reading– because it was …

… because it was a real ego boost to have snagged a hot stud eleven years younger than she …

Explanation:

… because it greatly heightened her self-esteem to have got a sexually attractive young man eleven years younger than she as her husband …


Consolidation activities vocabulary main

Vocabulary

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Integrated skills

Oral activities

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Consolidation Activities- Vocabulary main

Phrase practice

Word derivation

Synonym / Antonym

Prefix


Consolidation activities phrase practice 1

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Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 1

sleep tight: sleep well 睡得好,睡得香

e.g.

After a whole day’s hard work, he sleeps tight.

在一整天努力工作之后,他睡得很香。

Because of the cool weather, she sleeps tight.

因为天气凉爽,她睡得很香。


Consolidation activities phrase practice 2

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Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 2

for the umpteenth time: for another time (after many before)无数次,一次又一次地

e.g.

I have told you for the umpteenth time close the door quietly.

我告诉过你好多次要轻轻地关门。

I explained for the umpteenth time why I didn’t support the bill.

我第无数次向他解释我不支持这项法案的原因。


Consolidation activities phrase practice 3

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Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 3

far from: not at all完全不

e.g.

They are far from coincidence or superstition!

这些并不是巧合,也不是迷信!

Tradition is far from being burdensome for the writer.

对作家来说,传统决不是累赘。


Consolidation activities phrase practice 4

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let’s face it: let’s face the unpleasant reality. The phrase is used to say that someone has to accept an unpleasant fact.面对不快的事实

Consolidation Activities-Phrase practice 4

e.g.

Though the problem did us a great trouble, let’s face it.

尽管这个问题给我们带来了很大的麻烦,但是我们得面对它。

There is no good way in the life road, so when we meet a problem, let’s face it.

人生之路不平坦,在遇到困难时,我们应坦然面对。


Consolidation activities word derivation 1

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Oral activities

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Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of the given words.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 1

1. The (suppress) of new ideas and dissident views only led to greater distrust of the government.

suppression

_____________

2. China has been the (inspire) for a new and distinct ideological growth in the West.

inspiration

____________

3. (compatible) is just as important as romantic life.

Compatibility

______________


Consolidation activities word derivation 2

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4. There seems to have been a disturbing growth in

(racist) among young people in the new European states.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 2

racism

_______

5. All (aspire) teachers in the state must learn about sex discrimination.

aspiring

_________

6. “No one ever listens to me,” she said (pathetic).

pathetically

_____________

7. She threw a kiss as a (salute).

salutation

___________

8. She rocked the baby (soothing) in her arms until he fell asleep.

soothingly

___________


Consolidation activities word derivation 3

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镇压,禁止

镇压,抑制

suppress v.

suppression n.

1.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 3

e.g.

独裁政府出动了军队镇压工人罢工。

The autocratic government calls out the army to suppress the workers’ strike.


Consolidation activities word derivation 4

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影响,激发,煽动

灵感,鼓舞人心的人或物

令人振奋的,鼓舞人心的

inspire v.

inspiration n.

inspiring a.

2.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 4

e.g.

他最好的乐曲创作灵感来自怀念他的父亲。

他妻子常给他灵感。

His best music was inspired by the memory of his father.

His wife constantly inspired him.


Consolidation activities word derivation 5

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能共处的;兼容的

和谐共处;兼容

协调地,兼容地

compatible a.

compatibility n.compatibly ad.

3.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 5

e.g.

和谐与否是婚姻幸福的先决条件。

Compatibility is a precondition of a happy marriage.


Consolidation activities word derivation 6

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种族主义者

种族主义

racist n.

racism n.

4.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 6

e.g.

我十分厌恶他的种族主义观点。

I find his racist views totally repugnant.


Consolidation activities word derivation 7

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热望,立志

渴望的,有抱负的

aspire v.

aspiring a.

5.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 7

e.g.

在童年时代,他渴望成为一位伟大的科学家。

In his childhood, he aspired to become a great scientist.


Consolidation activities word derivation 8

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悲哀的,可怜的

悲哀地,感伤地

pathetic a.

pathetically ad.

6.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 8

e.g.

我们看到挨饿的儿童悲惨可怜的样子。

We saw the pathetic sight of starving children.


Consolidation activities word derivation 9

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行礼,致意,问候

招呼,致敬,问候

salute v.

salutation n.

7.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 9

e.g.

他们举起帽子互相致意。

They saluted each other by raising their hats.


Consolidation activities word derivation 10

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安慰的,安慰性的

缓和,安慰

soothing a.

soothe v.

8.

Consolidation Activities- Word derivation 10

e.g.

这是一种减缓疲劳的镇静酒。

那个母亲试着去哄那个在哭的孩子。

This is a soothing drink for fatigue.

The mother tried to soothe the crying child.


Consolidation activities synonym antonym1

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Give a synonym or an antonym of the word underlined in each sentence in the sense it is used.

Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym1

1. Lights up on BRIDE and GROOM in traditional garb standing on top of a wedding cake.

Synonym:

dress, costume

2. A young man stood by her side, smart as a whip and handsome as a polo horse.

Synonym:

clever


Consolidation activities synonym antonym2

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3. With the blessings of their compatible families, the young man and woman were to be Bride and Groom.

Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym2

Antonym:

incompatible, unsuited

4. You need to base your arrangement on a more substantial bloom, like a lily or an orchid.

significant, important

Synonym:

5. Oh come on, how many straight male floral designers do you know?

homosexual

Antonym:


Consolidation activities synonym antonym3

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6. MOST people cheat on their spouses or end up in counseling or sell everything they own to get into a lousy nursing home.

Consolidation Activities- Synonym / Antonym3

Synonym:

bad, awful, nasty

7. ... and a young, slightly effeminate man who took it up the ass once from a fellow Eagle Scout, but since it only happened once when he was 17 and drunk on Kahlua, he still considered himself straight.

womanish

Synonym:

8. I bid you good night and sweet dreams, children. The end.

wish

Synonym:


Consolidation activities prefix 1

Vocabulary

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Write in each space one word that has the same prefix as underlined in each given word.

Consolidation Activities- Prefix 1

1. uniform

2. monopoly

3. bicycle

4. multilateral

5. homophone

6. panacea

7. amoral

8. express

universe

____________________

monologue

____________________

biannual

____________________

multinational

____________________

homograph

____________________

panorama

____________________

atypical

____________________

expel

____________________


Consolidation activities prefix 2

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix 2

uni-: one

e.g.

unicorn, unitary, unilateral


Consolidation activities prefix 3

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix 3

mono-: one, single

e.g.

monorail, monograph, monolingual


Consolidation activities prefix 4

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix 4

bi-: two, twice, double

e.g.

bilingual, biplane, bisect


Consolidation activities prefix 5

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix5

multi-: more than one; many

e.g.

multicultural, multilingual, multilateral


Consolidation activities prefix 6

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix6

homo-: the same

e.g.

homogeneous, homonym, homosexual


Consolidation activities prefix 7

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix7

pan-: including all of the thing

e.g.

pandemic, pantheon


Consolidation activities prefix 8

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix8

a-: not, without

e.g.

atheist, asocial, asexual


Consolidation activities prefix 9

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Explanation:

Consolidation Activities- Prefix9

ex-: outer

e.g.

exclude, expose, external, export


Consolidation activities grammar main

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Consolidation Activities- Grammar main

The subjunctive mood

Replacing and omitting words


Consolidation activities grammar 1 1

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The subjunctive mood is used to indicate a non-fact and hypothesis. There are two forms of the subjunctive: be-subjunctive and were-subjunctive. In the that-clause after verbs, adjectives or nouns expressing “command”, “suggestion”, or “resolution” , be-subjunctive is used in American English and “should + infinitive” is used in British English. Were-subjunctive, often in clauses introduced by if, supposing, wish, as if, is a verb form indicating hypothetical meaning.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar1.1

e.g.

She insisted that she go to the south for her holiday.

If it were to rain, the game would be put off.


Consolidation activities grammar 1 2

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Practice

Complete the following sentences using the subjunctive forms.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar1.2

1. Suppose he (ask) for the money back at once.

2. He speaks as if he (be) the boss here.

3. He is my best friend — my second self, as it (be).

4. I’d rather I (be) not at the site of the accident.

5. Though the whole world (be) against me, I would do what I consider as right.

6. Congress has decided that the present law (maintain).

were to ask

_____________

were

______

were

______

were

______

were

______

be maintained

________________


Consolidation activities grammar 2 1

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1) Replacing words: Replacing (substitution) is a grammatical device for avoiding repetition and achieving textual cohesion. There are three kinds of substitution: nominal substitution, verbial substitution, and clausal substitution, and therefore three kinds of substitutes: nominal substitutes such as one(s), the same, the kind, the sort, and some indefinite pronouns like all, both, some, any, enough, several, none, many, much, (a) few, the other, others, another, either, neither, etc., verbial substitutes such as do or do so, and clausal substitutes such as so, not.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.1

e.g.

He doesn’t like this book. Show him a more interesting one. (one=book)


Consolidation activities grammar 2 2

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e.g.

Can you get me some nails? I need some. (some=some nails)

A: We all hate hypocrisy. B: Yes, everybody does. (does=hates hypocrisy)

He said he would tell me the news, but he didn’t doso. (do so=tell me the news)

A: Do you think he’ll come tomorrow? B: Yes, I think so. (so=that he’ll come tomorrow) No, I think not. (not= that he’ll not come tomorrow)

Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.2


Consolidation activities grammar 2 3

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2) Omitting words: Like substitution, ellipsis is also a grammatical device for avoiding repetition and achieving textual cohesion. If substitution is the replacement of an identical item by a substitute, ellipsis means omission of the item or replacement of the item by a zero substitute. As ellipsis and substitution perform the same function, they are, in many cases, interchangeable.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.3

e.g.

A: Which do you prefer, the red or the green scarf?

B: I’d like the red. (Here, the word “scarf” is omitted.)

I’d like the red one. (Here, “one” is used to replace “scarf” to avoid repetition.)


Consolidation activities grammar 2 4

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Change the sentences to avoid unnecessary repetition.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.4

1. I like biscuits, especially chocolate biscuits.

2. If you want to read novels, I’ve got some novels.

3. A number of people were involved in the accident but none of the people were hurt.

I like biscuits, especially chocolate ones.

___________________________________________________________

If you want to read novels, I’ve got some.

___________________________________________________________

A number of people were involved in the accident but none were hurt.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________


Consolidation activities grammar 2 5

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4. The production increases as it has increased for the last few years.

5. We are told that he will come tonight, and if he comes tonight, our meeting will be held tomorrow. If he doesn’t come tonight, there won’t be any meeting tomorrow.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.5

The production increases as it has done for the last few years.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

We are told that he will come tonight, and if so, our meeting will be held tomorrow. If not, there won’t be any meeting tomorrow.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________


Consolidation activities grammar 2 6

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6. His suggestions made John happy but his suggestions made Mary angry.

Consolidation Activities- Grammar2.6

His suggestions made John happy but Mary angry.

___________________________________________________________


Consolidation activities translation 1

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Translate the following sentences into English.

Consolidation Activities- Translation1

1. 那个非洲国家的战争已经失控,联合国和平解决已不抱幻想,所以决定采取维和行动。(disillusioned)

As the war in the African country was getting completely out of hand, the UN, disillusioned about a peaceful solution, decided to take peacekeeping actions.


Consolidation activities translation 2

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每当你充满信心采取行动时,你永远无法预见会有什么样的结果,或成功,或失望。

Consolidation Activities- Translation2

Each time you choose to trust yourself and take action, you can never quite be certain how the situation will turn out. Sometimes you are victorious, and sometimes you become disillusioned.

让他们对布什的共和党幻灭的原因有很多,但有两个突出原因。

There are many reasons why they have become disillusioned by Mr. Bush’s party, but two stand out.


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2. 那天晚上他爽约了,没有露面,结果我们的聚会弄得一团糟。(mess up)

Consolidation Activities- Translation3

Our party was messed up because he did not show up that evening as he had promised.


Consolidation activities translation 4

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Consolidation Activities- Translation4

Practice:

大家要我组织这次旅游,可是我把事情搞糟了。

I was asked to organize the trip, but I messed it up.

你在家里等我。可不要弄乱东西!

You be waiting for me at your place. And mind you don’t mess things up.


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3. 他们有太多的理由应该离婚:首先,他们根本合不来。(compatible)

Consolidation Activities- Translation5

There are many reasons why they should divorce. To begin with, they are not compatible at all.


Consolidation activities translation 6

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人口过剩和自由是不可调和的。

Consolidation Activities- Translation6

Overpopulation is not compatible with freedom.

我们情趣相投。

We are temperamentally compatible.


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4. 你失去了很多,这也许是你父母的过错,但这并不能成为你对他们如此粗暴的理由。(justify)

Consolidation Activities- Translation7

You have lost a lot, and it may have been the fault of your parents, but that does not justify your being so rude to them.


Consolidation activities translation 8

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任何事情都不能成为你考试作弊的理由。

Consolidation Activities- Translation8

Nothing can justify your cheating on an exam.

你朋友的证词能证明你的行为是正当的吗?

Can your friend’s testimony justify your action?


Consolidation activities integrated skills main

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Consolidation Activities- Integrated skills main

Dictation

Cloze


Consolidation activities dictation1

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Dictation

Consolidation Activities- dictation1

You will hear a passage read three times. At the first reading, you should listen carefully for its general idea. At the second reading, you are required to write down the exact words you have just heard (with proper punctuation). At the third reading, you should check what you have written down.


Consolidation activities dictation11

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Good luck to the Bride and Groom. / Many ancient practices / that were supposed to prevent bad luck and bring blessings to the bridal pair / have come down through the years. / In many Western countries / people shower the bridal pair with confetti / to express the hope that the couple will be blessed with children. / Tin cans or old shoes are sometimes tied to the automobile / that carries the bride and groom away. / This practice may have come out of the ancient belief / that loud noises frighten bad spirits away. / To assure good luck,

Consolidation Activities- dictation1


Consolidation activities dictation2

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/ brides often heed the old saying and wear for the wedding / “something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue.” / The bride’s good fortune in getting a husband may be handed on / to the unmarried girl who catches the bride’s bouquet after the marriage. / According to an old belief / the groom carried his bride over the threshold of their new home / to protect her from being caught / by any mischievous spirits hiding nearby.

Consolidation Activities- dictation2


Consolidation activities cloze1

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Marriage Rites

Jewish. Many traditional customs are observed at Jewish weddings, although they (1) not required by Jewish law. The rabbi conducts the service. During the rite the bride and groom (2) appropriate vows and take part in the ring ceremony. The rabbi blesses a cup of wine, from which the bride and groom both drink. The rabbi talks to the couple about the holiness of marriage (3) the responsibilities of the bride and groom. After the rabbi has pronounced them man and (4) a wine glass is often placed on the floor. The groom steps on the glass and shatters it. Scholars disagree about the symbolism of

Consolidation Activities- cloze1

are

____

make

______

and

_____

wife

_____


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this custom, but many believe that the shattering of the glass recalls the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem, reminding the couple (5) even at the moment of greatest joy there may be sorrow.

Eastern Orthodox. The ritual marriage service takes place in a church before the altar. The service is divided (6)

two parts: the Service of the Betrothal and the ceremony of the wedding. At first the priest blesses the wedding rings and offers prayers. Then the wedding ceremony follows. It begins with a psalm, which (7) followed by prayers; then the crowning ceremony takes place. Crowns, which may be made of artificial lemon tree

Consolidation Activities- cloze2

that

_____

into

_____

is

__


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blossoms, (8) set upon the heads of the couple. The crowning is followed by Bible readings, after (9) the couple drink from a cup of wine blessed by the priest. The priest, chanting hymns, leads the couple in a circle in front of the altar. The crowns are then removed. The service concludes (10) the priest’s blessings and prayers of good wishes for the newly married couple.

are

____

Consolidation Activities- cloze3

which

_______

with

_____


Consolidation activities hints8

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A verb is needed here.

Consolidation Activities- Hints8

blossoms, (8) set upon the heads of the couple. The crowning is followed by Bible readings, after (9) the couple drink from a cup of wine blessed by the priest. The priest, chanting hymns, leads the couple in a circle in front of the altar. The crowns are then removed. The service concludes (10) the priest’s blessings and prayers of good wishes for the newly married couple.

are

____

which

_______

with

_____


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A pronoun is used as the object of a preposition to show things you are referring to.

Consolidation Activities- Hints9

blossoms, (8) set upon the heads of the couple. The crowning is followed by Bible readings, after (9) the couple drink from a cup of wine blessed by the priest. The priest, chanting hymns, leads the couple in a circle in front of the altar. The crowns are then removed. The service concludes (10) the priest’s blessings and prayers of good wishes for the newly married couple.

are

____

which

_______

with

_____


Consolidation activities oral activities main

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Consolidation Activities- Oral activities main

Giving a talk

Having a discussion


Consolidation activities giving a talk

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In this play we have a man and a woman getting married without sincere love. This seems to be an increasingly common phenomenon in China too, as we can tell from the rising divorce rate. Now tell a story of some people you know of who have got married for some practical reasons rather than true love. You can include such details as how they got to know each other and why they got married, as well as their life afterwards.

Consolidation Activities- giving a talk

For reference


Consolidation activities for your reference 1

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Consolidation Activities- For your reference1

1. You may use the following words or expressions in your talk:

leftover ladies, men or women on the shelf, matchmaking, blind date, attract, fall in love at the first sight, think highly of, focus on, social status, family background, acceptable, lack of mutual interests and values, different from, a suitable match, fear being aged, unhappy, miserable, regrettable, parents’ arrangement or involvement


Consolidation activities for your reference 2

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Consolidation Activities- For your reference2

2. You may put some doubts at the end of your talk as follows:

— Can or can’t elder unmarried girls find true love?

— Should we be well-matched in social and economic status in marriage?

— Should we listen to our heart or listen to parents and accept parents’ arrangement?


Consolidation activities having a discussion

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Nowadays the traditional notion of marriage seems to have been abandoned by more and more young people. They seem to be taking a less serious attitude towards marriage, and premarital sex and extramarital sex are becoming more acceptable to some. Now discuss in groups of five or six the notion of love and that of marriage, as well as premarital sex and extramarital sex. Try to justify your opinion about them from the perspectives of both social responsibilities and individual rights.

Consolidation Activities- Having a discussion

For reference


Consolidation activities for your reference 11

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Viewpoints for reference:

Consolidation Activities- For your reference1

I think the notion of love and that of marriage have changed a lot. On the one hand, since China opened its door to the outside world three decades ago, the concept of “sexual freedom” in Western countries has had a considerable influence on Chinese young people’s attitude toward premarital sex. On the other hand, young people enjoy more freedom in choosing love and marriage. In the past, abortion, divorce and premarital sex were listed as serious sins and would be blamed and despised by the public, however, premarital cohabitation or premarital sex is acceptable to many people now. They hold that premarital sex should not be condemned as long as the couple loves each other and it is regarded as a private matter which others can’t interfere with.


Consolidation activities for your reference 21

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Consolidation Activities- For your reference2

I think although extramarital sex is acceptable to some and is viewed as a problem concerning only the couple involved in China, most people still think extramarital sex is “almost always wrong” and should be blamed and the other men or women who intervene in other people’s families should be punished. But until now, the Marriage Law amended in 2001 doesn’t involve the legal liability that the third party should take. Some say it has a vital practical significance to establish the system about a third party violating the spouse’s right in the legislation.


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Paragraph development — Use of linking words

Discussion: In order to produce a text in which all sentences are organized into a coherent whole, we use linking words and expressions constantly. Actually we have, in this semester, discussed many ways of developing a paragraph, such as using the comparison and contrast strategy, or by exemplification and illustration. No matter which specific line of development we take, we often employ various kinds of linking expressions to help indicate the relationships between sentences or clauses. These linking devices help organize ideas and facts into a whole and enable the reader to follow our thoughts from one

Consolidation Activities- Writing1


Consolidation activities writing 2

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sentence to another with greater ease. Below are some linking words and phrases you can use to indicate various meaning relations:

Linking words and phrases to express addition include: and, furthermore, moreover, besides, in addition (to), what is more, etc.

Linking words to show contrast are: but, however, yet, while, on the other hand, in fact, on the contrary, in spite of, despite, etc.

When we make a comparison, we use: compared with, in the same way, similarly, in comparison with, likewise, etc.

Consolidation Activities- Writing2


Consolidation activities writing 3

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To explain things more clearly we often reformulate what we have just said by writing sentences introduced by: in other words, rather, that is (to say), to put it more (simply), etc. For example: Towards the end of the party he got up and danced on the table. In other words, he made a complete fool of himself.

The following linking words for attitude are also often used: personally, naturally, to be honest, to my surprise, fortunately, to make matters worse, clearly, apparently, obviously, admittedly, in my opinion, in fact, as a matter of fact, etc.

Linking words for order include: when, afterwards,

Consolidation Activities- Writing3


Consolidation activities writing 4

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eventually, consequently, at first, then, finally, in the end, first(ly), in the first place, second(ly), last of all, etc.

Linking words used to show reasons and results include: because, as, since, so, as a result, therefore, so that, consequently, accordingly, as a result, etc.

To indicate that we are making generalization, we use: for the most part, in general, generally, etc.

To signal that we are summarizing, we use: in conclusion, to conclude, in short, on the whole, in all, in brief, to sum up, etc.

Consolidation Activities- Writing4


Consolidation activities writing 5

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Practice: Write two paragraphs based on the topic sentences given, using linking words and expressions to organize them coherently.

Consolidation Activities- Writing5

1. College students should be encouraged to take part-time jobs.

Ideas for reference:

• Doing part-time jobs and getting some experience is extremely significant for students.

• Doing part-time jobs provides students with profound experience and insights that can never be gained from textbooks by sitting in the classroom.

• Doing part-time jobs helps students get prepared for their career after graduation.


Consolidation activities writing 6

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Sample:

Consolidation Activities- Writing6

College students should be encouraged to take part-time jobs. As more and more students tend to take part-time jobs, the debate on it becomes hotter and hotter. Traditionally, people tend to believe that the major task of college students is studying at school and striving hard to achieve distinguished academic accomplishments. However, I don’t totally agree with them, and I firmly believe that doing part-time jobs and getting some experience is extremely significant. Firstly, doing part-time jobs provides students with profound experience and insights that can never be gained from


Consolidation activities writing 7

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textbooks by sitting in the classroom. For college students, especially the business major, the best way to utilize what they have learnt from books is to practice in the real world. Only by practicing can they have a better understanding of all the theories getting from books or teachers. Secondly, doing part-time jobs helps students get prepared for their career after graduation. We all know the professional life is quite different from the campus life in the ivory tower. Entering the society, students have to be both financially and psychologically independent so that they can better shoulder both individual and social responsibilities. Therefore, getting contact with the outside world is of great help for them.

Consolidation Activities- Writing7


Consolidation activities writing 8

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In conclusion, college students should be encouraged to do part-time jobs. The society should provide guidance and advice rather than criticizing them. Given a tolerant atmosphere, college students would grow up healthily, and finally adapt better to society after graduation.

Consolidation Activities- Writing8


Consolidation activities writing 9

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2. China should further develop its auto industry instead of curbing its growth.

Ideas for reference:

Consolidation Activities- Writing9

• The increase of private cars does well to the development of the economy.

• The increase of private cars makes people’s life more convenient.

• Developing the auto industry can powerfully push forward the technological advancement.


Consolidation activities writing 10

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Sample:

Consolidation Activities- Writing10

There is no doubt that the increasing ownership of private cars is responsible for the worsening condition of the environment. However, just as every coin has two sides, the increase of private cars also has its positive and negative sides and its positive side is that it certainly does well to the development of the economy as well as makes people’s life more convenient. As we all know, if there is a better developed car industry, more people will be able to buy and use cars, thus, people’s living standards will be greatly raised. Meanwhile, the use of cars does not necessarily mean


Consolidation activities writing 11

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worse pollution. In fact, most car makers are now developing vehicles using green energies, such as electricity and solar energy. And thanks to the enhanced awareness of environmental protection, more people are inclined to buy and use environment-friendly cars. Thus, automotive manufacturers will benefit from their efforts to produce “greener” automobiles. In this case, we can say that, in the near future, many more cars will be running in our streets while our air conditions will be remarkably better than they are at the moment in most Chinese cities. More importantly, developing the auto industry can powerfully push forward our technological

Consolidation Activities- Writing11


Consolidation activities writing 12

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advancement. As it is known to all, car-making and the developing of cars of new designs can involve many sophisticated technologies that are significant for other sectors and even for our national security. Without the car industry to provide financial support, many inventions and innovations would be impossible. Therefore, rather than restricting the growth of our car-making industry, we should promote it.

Consolidation Activities- Writing12


Consolidation activities listening 1

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What is the beginning of drama? Listen to a passage arguing three different theories. Complete the following chart with key words and phrases.

Consolidation Activities- Listening1

rituals

unknown and feared natural powers

______.

_____________________________

hardened into fixed rituals

______________________

mysteries of rites

_______________

material for art and drama

______________________


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Consolidation Activities- Listening2

music, dance, masks, costumes

__________________________

acting area and auditorium

______________________

religious leaders

______________

dramatic representations and religious activities

_________________________________________

_________________________

____________________

use of impersonation, action, and dialogue by narrator

storytelling

__________.


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Consolidation Activities- Listening3

_________________________

______________________

assumption of each of the roles by a different person

rhythmical and gymnastic

_____________________

dances

______.

animal movements and sounds

_________________________


Consolidation activities script1

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There are many theories about the beginning of drama in ancient Greece. The one most widely accepted today is based on the assumption that drama evolved from rituals. The argument for this view goes as follows.

In the beginning, human beings viewed the natural forces of the world — even the seasonal changes — as unpredictable, and they sought through various means to control these unknown and feared powers. Those measures which appeared to bring the desired results were then retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed rituals. Eventually stories arose which explained or veiled the mysteries of the rites. As time passed some rituals were abandoned, but the stories,

Consolidation Activities- Script1


Consolidation activities script2

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later called myths, persisted and provided material for art and drama.

Those who believe that drama evolved out of rituals also argue that those rites contained the seed of theatre because music, dance, masks, and costumes were almost always used. Furthermore, a suitable site had to be provided for performances and when the entire community did not participate, a clear division was usually made between the “acting area” and the “auditorium.” In addition, there were performers, and, since considerable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rites, religious leaders usually assumed that task.

Consolidation Activities- Script2


Consolidation activities script3

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Wearing masks and costumes they often impersonated other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed the desired effect — success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the revival of the Sun — as an actor might. Eventually such dramatic representations were separated from religious activities.

Another theory traces the theatre’s origin from the human interest in storytelling. According to this view, tales (about the hunt, war, or other feats) are gradually elaborated, at first through the use of impersonation, action, and dialogue by a narrator and then through the assumption of each of the roles by a different person.

Consolidation Activities- Script3


Consolidation activities script4

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A closely related theory traces theatre to those dances that are primarily rhythmical and gymnastic or that are imitations of animal movements and sounds.

Consolidation Activities- Script4


Section five further enhancement main

Text II

Memorable quotes

Section Five Further Enhancement main

Lead-in questions

Text

Questions for discussion


Lead in questions

Text II

Memorable quotes

1. According to you, how does the journalist generally collect the information?

2. What can a journalist do to ensure the credibility of the information?

Lead-in questions


Text 1 6

Text II

Memorable quotes

GOSSIP

D. M. Bocaz-Larson

CAST OF CHARCTERS

The play can be done with two actors (see below) or

3w and 2m.

Actor 1

Bula Bister — runs a small town newspaper which is more like a gossip paper than a serious news source. She pays a few bucks for gossip to whoever is willing to give it.

Actor 2

Skeeter Skeetch — assistant to Bula at the paper

1

2

3

4

5

6

Text1-6


Text 7 13

Text II

Memorable quotes

Fanny Mae Alcott — young female reporter who hangs out behind the boys’ locker room

Sheriff — sells his crime reports for a few bucks for beer

Kilabrew — nurse who loves to share hospital gossip

SCENE 1

(Play takes place in a makeshift newspaper office.

BULA sits at her desk facing the audience and

SKEETER is sleeping under a table covered by

newspapers)

BULA: Skeeeeeter! Where are you, boy?

SKEETER: [Crawls out from under a table] Yeah.

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

Text7-13


Text 14 21

Text II

Memorable quotes

Text14-21

BULA: What you doin’ down there?

SKEETER: Sleepin’.

BULA: Didn’t you go home last night?

SKEETER: We had a deadline for the paper. Pulled an all nighter.

BULA: So you got the paper done? Where is it?

SKEETER: [Looks] Shoot. I knew I forgot something.

BULA: Now, Skeeter ...

SKEETER: Oowa, baby. The “Now Skeeter” talk.

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21


Text 22 27

Text II

Memorable quotes

BULA: We have an obligation to the people of this town to bring them news on a weekly basis. [SKEETER mouths the speech as he sits and listens]

We are this town’s ear to the world. They count on us to give them the news like no one else can... You listenin’ to me, Skeeter? [He even mouths the last part]

SKEETER: Yes, ma’am.

BULA: How much of the paper we got done?

SKEETER: The front part’s all done.

BULA: Then get it out there. The people are waiting.

SKEETER: [Mumbles to self] I bet they ain’t even out of bed yet. [Exits]

22

23

24

25

26

27

Text22-27


Text 28

Text II

Memorable quotes

BULA: Poor, Skeeter. This big time newspaper business is hard on the boy. [Looks through paperwork on desk]

Now let’s see. What do we have for next week’s top story? Looks like we’re down to two: Mayor Mack and Mablegate. Shall we explore the question, “Why does the mayor spend more time with his secretary than with his wife?” Or the Jorkle family exposé? “When your kids are born with extra fingers and toes, does that mean you’re inbred?” Wow. Where do we ever get such good news? I’ll bet no other paper in the state can boast about these kinds of headlines.

28

Text28


Text 29 39

Text II

Memorable quotes

SHERIFF: [Runs in, gun out] Hold it! Police!

BULA: Ah!

SHERIFF: [Laughs] Hey, Bula.

BULA: You scared me half to death.

SHERIFF: I know. [Snickers]

BULA: What you want, sheriff?

SHERIFF: You still paying a buck each for my police reports?

BULA: A buck a story. Offer’s still good.

SHERIFF: [Proud] I’ve got five this week.

BULA: Five! That’s a regular crime wave.

SHERIFF: If this keeps up, I may have to hire me a deputy.

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

Text29-39


Text 40 47

Text II

Memorable quotes

BULA: Wouldn’t that be something? [Makes a note] That’s a story in itself.

SHERIFF: That’s six bucks, then.

BULA: Fine. [Goes to purse] Six dollars. Don’t you go spend that all in one place.

SHERIFF: Just enough to get a snack at the Come and Go.

BULA: Snack? I didn’t know beer was a snack food now.

SHERIFF: I’m on duty. Wouldn’t even consider it.

BULA: I guess you’ll have to take a break then.

SHERIFF: Good idea. [Exits]

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BULA: [Sarcastic] Boy, do I feel safe knowin’ he’s around? [Types] Crime wave hits Mud Lake.

Hide your valuables. Sheriff Peters says we had a record number of incidents this week. First off, old man Peters, the sheriff ’s pappy, had to be given a ride home again. Personally I think he likes riding in his son’s police car.

KILABREW: [Enters] Bula? How’s you feeling today?

BULA: Fine, fine. Here to bring me the community health report?

KILABREW: Certainly. Oh, my.

BULA: What?

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Text53-58

KILABREW: [Examines BULA] You been getting enough vitamin C?

BULA: I ... I don’t know ...

KILABREW: YOU DON’T KNOW. Don’t toy with your health, Bula. You ain’t a school girl no more. A healthy body is a temple for the gods.

BULA: I thought there was only one God?

KILABREW: You’re so close minded, Bula.

BULA: What you got for me, Kilabrew?

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KILABREW: First, we have “This week’s weight watch” by Nurse Nancy Kilabrew. Emma Sue Jones — gained 12 pounds. Patty May — lost 2 pounds. And a big congrats to Jane Graham — lost 25 pounds. Billy Joe Bugle — happily gained another 27 pounds on his way to a town record 324 pounds.

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BULA: And they all signed their release forms right?

KILABREW: Oh, yeah. Thankfully none of them read what it says.

BULA: Anything else?


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KILABREW: Got some great baby names for you. I asked Patty Mae Jones what she’d name her upcoming child. She has settled on naming the kid after her favorite snack: Goober if it’s a boy.

BULA: And if it’s a girl?

KILABEW: Raisinette.

BULA: Lovely.

KILABREW: That’s six bucks.

BULA: Six? That’s only two stories.

KILABREW: Four weight watchers and two baby names.

BULA: Five bucks then. The two names are for the same kid.

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Text71-73.1

KILABREW: Fine. [BULA hands over $5] Oh, is that a bird I hear? Cheap, cheap, cheap.

BULA: You can go away now.

KILABREW: Cheap, cheap, cheap. [Exits]

BULA: Just wait until I write my exposé about the local hospital, Nurse Kilabrew. [Pulls out a big file folder marked KILABREW in big letters] I’m getting enough dirt on her to write a book. Imagine handing out condoms, which only encourages those kids …

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I think every teen in this town should have to go to the local gas station and have to try buying them in public. [Smiles] And have old lady Smithe call out, “ Price check on Trojans, extra ribbed.” That will teach ‘em.

FANNY: [Appears at door] Can I come in, Ms. Bula?

BULA: Why it ain’t Fanny Mae Alcott? Has my favorite reporter come today?

FANNY: [Excited] Favorite reporter? Oooh. That sounds good.

BULA: Well, you’ve been quite the news hound lately.

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FANNY: News hound. I like the sound of that too. The boys at school have always said I’ve been a dog.

BULA: [Raises an eyebrow] Well ... uh, what you have for me today?

FANNY: Well, I was walkin’ around looking for a story. I went out behind the boys’ locker room. I always go there hoping to ... uh ... talk with one of the boys. You know, interview ‘em after the big game. And if they ever win a game, I’m gonna get the best darn interview. Losing don’t make good news.

BULA: You got a point here, Fanny? I’m a busy lady.

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FANNY: I do. See I heard some of them boys talking in the locker room. They leave the window open cause it gets real hot in there. I don’t know why they get so hot. They ain’t got nothing on ...

BULA: To the point, Fanny. A good reporter gets to the point.

FANNY: [Hands over a report] Anyway, I got this. Don’t know if it’s worth printin’?

BULA: No, honey. This is good.

FANNY: You think so?

BULA: Topnotch investigating.

FANNY: Gosh.

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BULA: There’s your dollar, darling. Enjoy.

FANNY: Wow. I feel just like Barbara Walters.

BULA: Keep it up and someday you just might be her.

FANNY: You really think so? I sure look up to her. Her and Jerry Springer.

BULA: They’re the biggies.

FANNY: I’ll see you tomorrow.

BULA: Keep ’em coming, Fanny Mae.

FANNY: I will. I’m headed over to the boys

swimming hole. They got all kinds of interesting things going on over there.

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BULA: This will do fine on the society page. [Sits at typewriter]

Romance is a budding in the Mud Lake area. It’s good to see so many of our young people courting, especially when they’re courting someone other than their cousin. This week Jimmy Joe Johnson’s heart is palpitating for none other than Betty Sue Mall. Unfortunately he’s feeling a bit shy and can’t figure out a way to tell Betty he’s got those special feelings for her. Don’t you worry, though, Jimmy. She’ll know all about it soon enough. Best wishes to both of you in this new found romance. Fanny Mae Alcott reporting.

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Text106.2-107

[Pulls it out of typewriter] Oh, dang it. I forgot the “r” in heart. Now folks is gonna think Jimmy’s gone into heat. I gotta get myself a computer.

END OF SCENE

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Text about the author

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Text – about the author

About the author: D. M. Bocaz-Larson was born in Spokane, Washington in 1972. He graduated from Whiworth College in Spokane and received two B.A.s (Education and English). Now he is teaching at New Mexico State University. He has been writing plays since high school.


Text pulled an all nighter

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Text – pulled an all nighter

Pulled an all nighter: We worked all night.


Text we re down to two

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Text –we’re down to two

we’re down to two: In the sentence “down” is an adjective, meaning “(be) left with only”.


Text offer s still good

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Text –offer’s still good.

Offer’s still good.: The offer’s still valid.


Text the come and go

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Text– the come and go

the Come and Go: It may refer to a snack bar.


Text first off

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Text– first off

first off: first of all, before other things


Text a big congrats

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Text- a big congrats

a big congrats: a big congratulations


Text they all signed their release forms

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Text- they all signed their release forms

they all signed their release forms: they all signed their release forms to indicate that they agreed to have their personal information (here their weight) publicized …


Text i m getting enough dirt on her

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Text- I’m getting enough dirt on her

I’m getting enough dirt on her: “Dirt” here means personal information which, if made public, would create a scandal or ruin the reputation of a person.


Text price check on trojans

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Text- price check on trojans

Price check on Trojans: Here “Trojan” refers to a brand of condoms in the U.S.


Text barbara walters

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Text- barbara walters

Barbara Walters: (1929– ) an American journalist, writer, and media personality who has been a regular fixture on morning TV shows (Today and The View) and an evening news magazine (20/20); co-anchor of ABC Evening News and correspondent on World News (then ABC Evening News). The sentence means “I feel great.”


Text jerry springer

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Text- jerry springer

Jerry Springer: (1944– ) an English-born American television personality; a former Democratic mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio; musician and host of the tabloid talk show bearing his name, The Jerry Springer Show, since its debut in 1991


Text biggie

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Text- biggie

biggie: American slang, meaning an important and influential person


Text swimming hole

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Text- swimming hole

swimming hole: a place, as in a stream or creek, where there is water deep enough for swimming


Text jimmy s gone into heat

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Text- jimmy’s gone into heat

Jimmy’s gone into heat: “Heat” here means a state of sexual excitement happening regularly to certain female animals.


Questions for discussion 1

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Questions for discussion1

1. Is there gossip news in our newspapers and magazines?

In China the most common gossip news is about the private lives of movie stars and other celebrities in the entertainment and sports circles.


Questions for discussion 2

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Questions for discussion2

2. Why are some people interested in gossip news? What kind of gossip are they most interested in?

Some people are interested in gossip news because they envy the lives of celebrities and want to know everything about them, especially their love affairs. The notion of “sex” is almost always in, between, or below the lines.


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Is married love always sweet? Read the following quotes and find the answer.

Memorable Quotes1

Guidance: As Qian Zhongshu said that marriage is like a besieged city, everyone outside wants to get in, anyone inside wants to get out. Marriage and love are not necessarily synonyms. The daily house chores, taking care of the aging parents, rearing children, all these things seem to drag marriage away from romantic love. It takes wisdom to cherish the love between the couple and maintain happiness in a family.


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Memorable Quotes2

1. My advice to you is to get married. If you find a good wife, you’ll be happy; if not, you’ll become a philosopher.

— Socrates

I advise you to get married, since you’ll be happy if you find a good wife, and you’ll become wise if not.


Memorable quotes3

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Memorable Quotes3

2. It is not a lack of love, but a lack of friendship that makes unhappy marriages.

— Friedrich Nietzsche

A lack of friendship in your life instead of a lack of love results in unhappy marriages.


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Memorable Quotes4

3. Love seems the swiftest, but it is the slowest of all growths. No man or woman really knows what perfect love is until they have been married a quarter of a century.

— Mark Twain

Love seems to come very quickly, but it takes very long time to understand it. A man or woman can only come to know what perfect love is after they have been married for 25 years.


Memorable quotes3 note

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Memorable Quotes3_note

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900) was a German philosopher and classical philologist.


Notation type here

Notation type here


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