CHAPTER 8:  EARTHQUAKES and EARTH’S INTERIOR
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CHAPTER 8: EARTHQUAKES and EARTH’S INTERIOR . ROOTS: Crypto = hidden (cryptography) Cumul = mass (cumulative) Cycl = circle (cycle) De = reduce (decelerate) Deca = ten (decade) Deci = one tenth (decibel) Dem = people (democracy) Demi = less than (demigod)

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CHAPTER 8: EARTHQUAKES and EARTH’S INTERIOR

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Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

CHAPTER 8: EARTHQUAKES and EARTH’S INTERIOR

ROOTS:

Crypto = hidden (cryptography)

Cumul = mass (cumulative)

Cycl = circle (cycle)

De = reduce (decelerate)

Deca = ten (decade)

Deci = one tenth (decibel)

Dem = people (democracy)

Demi = less than (demigod)

Dendr = tree (dendriform – treelike)

Dent = tooth (dentist)


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

California Earthquake!

Terrashake!

http://visservices.sdsc.edu/projects/scec/terashake/2.1/


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

CH 8.1 What is an Earthquake?

Earthquake = the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy.

Focus = point inside Earth where the earthquake starts.

Epicenter = location on the surface directly above the focus.

Epicenter and Focus http://www.pbs.org/wnet/savageearth/animations/earthquakes/index.html


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

Fault = fracture in Earth’s crust where movement has occurred.


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

Western side of fault moved 4.7 meters to the north.

1906 San Francisco Earthquake

Over 225,000 people were homeless.

Over 3000 people died.


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

The San Andreas Fault, CA


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

Based on the movements of the San Andreas fault the Elastic Rebound hypothesis was developed.

Existing Fault

Forces deform and put pressure on rocks.

The pressure overcomes the strength of the rocks. The rocks break and slip.

The pressure is relieved and the ground stops moving.

Pg.. 220 Figure 4

Elastic Rebound Hypothesis

http://www.sceyencestudios.com/animation.htm

UNCONFORMITY ????? http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visualizations/es2902/es2902page01.cfm?chapter_no=visualization


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

Most earthquakes are produced by the rapid release of elastic energy stored in rock that has been subjected to great forces. When the pressure on the rock exceeds the strength of the rock, the rock suddenly breaks.


Chapter 8 earthquakes and earth s interior

Aftershocks and Foreshocks

Foreshocks = small earthquakes that occur prior to a larger earthquake.

Aftershocks = small earthquakes that occur following a larger earthquake.

Foreshocks and Aftershocks

http://earthquake.usgs.gov/learning/animations/animation.php?flash_title=Foreshocks+Flash+Animation&flash_file=aftershock&flash_width=400&flash_height=275


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