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Workshop for New Graduate Teaching Assistants. Helping Undergraduates Learn: The “Sage on the Stage” and Alternatives. John F. Schmitt Associate Dean The Graduate School. OUR TOPICS. Lecturing Collaborative Learning. LECTURING--the “Sage on the Stage”. LECTURING.

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Workshop for New Graduate Teaching Assistants

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Workshop for new graduate teaching assistants

Workshop for New Graduate

Teaching Assistants


Helping undergraduates learn the sage on the stage and alternatives

Helping UndergraduatesLearn: The “Sage on the Stage” and Alternatives

John F. Schmitt

Associate Dean

The Graduate School


Our topics

OUR TOPICS

  • Lecturing

  • Collaborative Learning


Lecturing the sage on the stage

LECTURING--the “Sage on theStage”


Lecturing

LECTURING

  • Good/Bad?

  • Learning Guaranteed?

  • Stimulating?

  • Simply One Method


Lecturing1

LECTURING

More than 50% of professors and GTAs report that “extensive lecturing” is still the primary instructional method they use


Lecture format

LECTURE FORMAT

  • The active role of the teacher makes lecturing an effective learning method...for the teacher.


Workshop for new graduate teaching assistants

Great teachers stimulate active--not passive--learning, and they encourage students to be critical, creative thinkers, with the capacity to go on learning after their college days are over.[adapted from Boyer, E. (1990). Scholarship Reconsidered.]


Effective lectures

Effective Lectures

  • Enthusiasm

  • Nonverbal communication - vocalics, oculesics, chronemics, etc.

  • Vary the techniques


3 rules plus 2

3 RULES...Plus 2

  • Recap prior class

  • Tell them what you’ll tell them

  • Tell them

  • Tell them what you told them

  • Tell them about next class


Undergrads today

UNDERGRADS TODAY

- current undergraduates were raised on Nintendo, MTV, AOL, laptops, Internet, etc.

- using multimedia may be a more familiar, flexible and effective way for them to learn than sitting in huge classes


Collaborative learning the guide on the side

COLLABORATIVE LEARNING--the “Guide on the Side”


Collaborative learning

COLLABORATIVE LEARNING

ActiveProblem-SolvingTechniques


Workshop for new graduate teaching assistants

Collaborative learning facilitates the educational process by “helping students converse with increasing facility in the language of the communities they want to join.”

[Bruffee, K.A. (1993). Collaborative Learning.]


Collaborative learning1

COLLABORATIVELEARNING

  • Promotes “positive interdependence”

  • Works well in both large and small classes


Applications

APPLICATIONS

  • Case Method Business, Law, Medicine

  • Writing, NS, SS, MA, Engineering classes


Applications1

APPLICATIONS

  • “Learning Cell”- students are given common reading to prepare for class- random assignment to dyads at the beginning of class(cont’d. next slide)


Learning cell cont d

LEARNING CELL (cont’d.)

-take turns asking/answering questions

- instructor engages in “MBWA”

- SIG better exam results for learning cell vs. lecture


One minute paper students tell you 1 what they learned 2 what s still confusing

One-minute Paperstudents tell you :(1) what they learned(2) what’s still confusing


One minute paper 3 minutes

One-minute Paper(3 minutes)

1.

2.


Collaborative learning demo

Collaborative Learning DEMO

  • NO COLLABORATIONanswer/confidence level

  • COLLABORATIONrevised answer/revised con- fidence level

  • RESULTS?(see video)


Workshop for new graduate teaching assistants

  • Large Lecture

  • Chemistry Section

COLLABORATIVE

LEARNING


Collaborative learning2

COLLABORATIVE LEARNING

Of all the teaching techniques, it has shown the highest increase in usage by faculty and GTAs over the last 7 years


Student resistance

STUDENT RESISTANCE?


Comprehension improves

Comprehension Improves

  • Student is “tested” often in role of peer-teacher--not just on exams

  • Student is active during learning


Recall

RECALL

  • 25% of what we HEAR

  • 50% of what we HEAR & SEE

  • 75% of what we HEAR, SEE & DO[Hearing +Seeing +Doing = Collaborative Learning]


Final thoughts

Final Thoughts ...

  • Lecture when it’s the bestmethod (not just most convenient)

  • Experiment with techniques & media

  • Design collaborative activities to  active learning


Teaching methods

TEACHING METHODS

  • Goal: each semester, read 1 book or several articles on teaching

  • Many good references available

  • (see handout: “Selected Readings on the Development of Teaching Skills” in your handout binder)


To recap

To Recap...

  • LECTURING

  • COLLABORATIVE LEARNING


Helping undergraduates learn

Helping Undergraduates Learn


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