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DAKNET. Presented By: rreema. CONTENTS. Introduction Why Daknet Ad-hoc network Daknet network Architecture How Daknet works Daknet in action Features of Daknet Conclusion.

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Daknet

DAKNET

Presented By:

rreema


Contents
CONTENTS

  • Introduction

  • Why Daknet

  • Ad-hoc network

  • Daknet network Architecture

  • How Daknet works

  • Daknet in action

  • Features of Daknet

  • Conclusion


Challenges to rural connectivity
Challenges to Rural Connectivity

  • Lack of sensitization on the use and benefits of ICT in rural areas.

  • Most rural areas don’t have the infrastructure to support cheap and good connectivity.

  • Poor internet access.

  • Availability of power is also a challenge


Introduction
Introduction

  • Daknet, whose name derives from the Hindi

    word “Dak” is an ad hoc network , using wireless technology to provide digital connectivity.

  • It combines a physical means of transportation with wireless data transfer to extend the internet connectivity provided by a central uplink or hub.


Why daknet
Why Daknet?

  • Provide non real-time infrastructures and applications such as voice mail, e-mail, and electronic bulletin boards.

  • Provide store- and forward or asynchronous modes of communication that is significantly lower in cost and do not necessarily sacrifice the functionality required to deliver services.

  • Simpler to add in a device to the system.

  • Low maintenance cost.


Ad hoc network

An ad-hoc wireless network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

Ad-Hoc Network


Design principles
Design Principles mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

  • Lower costs by sharing

  • Store and forward self-describing data

  • Separate locationing and addressing

  • Use all links, opportunistically, if necessary

  • Separate data and control plane

  • Proxies for legacy support

  • Replication for reliability


Daknet network architecture
Daknet Network Architecture mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

The main parts of a daknet architecture are:

Mobile access point

Hub

Kiosk


Mobile access point
Mobile Access Point mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

Daknet travels data over short point to point links between kiosks and portable storage devices called mobile access points.Mobile Access Point is mounted on and powered by a bus or motorcycle, or even a bicycle with a small generator. MAPs are installed on vehicles that normally pass by each village to provide store-and-forward connectivity.


Map equipments
MAP Equipments mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

MAP equipment used on the bus includes:

  • a custom embedded PC running Linux with 802.11b wireless card and 512 Mbytes of compact flash memory.

  • a 100-mW amplifier, cabling, mounting equipment, and an omni directional antenna.

  • an uninterruptible power supply powered by the bus battery.


Hub mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

It is a common connection point for devices in a network. It is used to connect segments of a LAN. It contains multiple ports. Packet at one port copied to all other ports-all segments see all packets. When the vehicle passes near an internet access point –the hub- it synchronizes all the data from different kiosks using the internet.


Kiosk
Kiosk mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

It is a booth providing a computer related service such as ATM. In each village there is kiosk. It enable user to enter and display information on the same device. Either directional or omni directional antennas are located at each of the kiosks or hubs.


Wifi cards
WiFi Cards mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

In Daknet a wireless card i.e wifi card is mounted on a vehicle that travels around to remote villages and exchanges updated information with each kiosk it encounters through WiFi.


Advantages of using wifi cards
Advantages of using WiFi cards mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

  • Increase mobility

  • Cost for setting up a network is much less than running wires.

  • WiFi has a global set of standards.

  • support encryption in order to protect the data that is being transmitted.


How daknet works
How Daknet works mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.


Contd
Contd… mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

  • Thae MAP devices are mounted on specific transports that regularly pass through a series of villages.

  • As the vehicle carrying the MAP comes within range of each village they automatically sense a wireless connection with a kiosk and deliver and collect data at relatively high bandwidth.

  • Whenever a MAP comes within range of another kiosk or a hub, data is automatically uploaded to and downloaded from the internet.

  • These steps are repeated for all the vehicles carrying MAP, thus providing a low cost wireless network and seamless communication infrastructure .


Daknet package
Daknet Package mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

DakNet offers an affordable and complete connectivity

package, including:

  • Wireless hardware (wireless transceiver and antennas)

  • Networking software

  • Server and cache software

  • Custom applications, including email, audio/video messaging, and asynchronous Internet searching and browsing

  • API enabling organizations to easily integrate DakNet with their existing applications


Features of daknet
Features of DakNet mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

  • Since it avoids using phone lines or expensive equipment, Daknet provides one of the lowest-cost accessibility solutions in the world.

  • The same hardware, software and user interface can be used to enjoy real-time information access.

  • It has the ability to provide a seamless method of upgrading to always -on broadband connectivity.


Daknet in action
Daknet In Action mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control.

Daknet is currently in action in many places. They are,

  • Bhoomi initiative in Karnataka

  • SARI (Sustainable Access for Rural India) project of Tamilnadu

  • Ratnakiri project in Cambodia


Thank you
Thank mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized control. you


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