The gold rushes of the 1860s
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1. The Gold Rushes of the 1860s. How significant was the impact of the gold rushes on New Zealand, as a growing nation?. 2. Introduction: The Situation. 3. Introduction: Revision Activity Breaks. Please look to the Resource Sheet in front of you…. 4.

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The Gold Rushes of the 1860s

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The gold rushes of the 1860s

1

The Gold Rushes of the 1860s

How significant was the impact of the gold rushes on New Zealand, as a growing nation?


Introduction the situation

2

Introduction: The Situation


Introduction revision activity breaks

3

Introduction:Revision Activity Breaks

Please look to the Resource Sheet in front of you…


Introduction at the end of the lesson

4

Introduction: At the end of the Lesson

  • Prize winner: most successful William

  • Historical ideas

  • New Zealand’s economy comprised of sustainable and unsustainable industries

  • The demography of New Zealand underwent dramatic change during the gold rushes

  • The gold rushes were part of a world-wide phenomenon, and saw the use of a range of technologies

  • The race to find gold in New Zealand attracted various races of people


New zealand s economy comprised of sustainable and unsustainable industries early new zealand

5

New Zealand’s economy comprised of sustainable and unsustainable industriesEarly New Zealand

Potatoes and pigs were popular items traded by Maori.

A scene from North Cape. Whales were prized for their oil, baleen and ambergris.


New zealand s economy comprised of sustainable and unsustainable industries types of industries

6

New Zealand’s economy comprised of sustainable and unsustainable industriesTypes of Industries

Sustainable: those industries which make use of a resource, without depleting or damaging it, for long term use.

Unsustainable: those industries which make use of a resource, but in a way that depletes or damages so to comprise its use for the long term.

So where does gold fit in?


Activity one sustainable vs unsustainable

7

Activity One:Sustainable vs. Unsustainable

Do now

Get up from your desks! Move to one of the four areas set up around the classroom. You can choose to ‘mine’ in either Thames, Marlborough, the West Coast, or Otago.

Instructions for the activity

Are on the activity sheet.


The gold rushes of the 1860s

8

The demography of New Zealand underwent dramatic change during the gold rushes Resources and Settlement


The demography of new zealand underwent dramatic change during the gold rushes numbers

9

The demography of New Zealand underwent dramatic change during the gold rushes Numbers


The gold rushes of the 1860s

10

The demography of New Zealand underwent dramatic change during the gold rushes North Island vs. South Island

Most Maori lived in the North Island. Two-thirds of

Maori lived north of Lake Taupo.

57% of Pakeha lived in the North Island in 1858.

63% of Pakeha lived in the South Island in 1867.

51% of Pakeha lived in the North Island in 1896.

North Island regained its dominance, and it has remained this way since.


Activity two population distribution

11

Activity Two:Population Distribution

Do now

Get up from your desks! Move to one of the four areas set up around the classroom. You can choose to ‘mine’ in either Thames, Marlborough, the West Coast, or Otago.

Instructions for the activity

Are on the activity sheet.


The gold rushes of the 1860s

12

The gold rushes were part of a world-wide phenomenon, and saw the use of a range of technologiesMajor Gold Rushes

1) 1852: Charles Ring makes first discovery of payable gold.

2) 1861: Gabriel’s gully almost instantly becomes a canvas town – the first gold rush.

3) 1862: 40kg deposit of gold made by Irish Christopher Reilly and American Horatio Hartley. Major rush to Dunstan .

Thames

1867-68

Marlborough

1864

West

Coast

1864-67

1

3

2

Otago 1861-64


The gold rushes of the 1860s

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The gold rushes were part of a world-wide phenomenon, and saw the use of a range of technologiesTypes of Gold Mining

Alluvial - vfor rivers

(Small scale)

  • Picks

  • Shovels

  • Cradles

  • Sluice-boxes

  • Little capital

Cradle

Sluice-box


The gold rushes of the 1860s

14

The gold rushes were part of a world-wide phenomenon, and saw the use of a range of technologiesTypes of Gold Mining

Alluvial - vfor rivers

(Large scale)

  • Dams

  • Hydraulic power

    (flumming)

  • Companies raised

    capital and used

    wage labour


The gold rushes of the 1860s

15

The gold rushes were part of a world-wide phenomenon, and saw the use of a range of technologiesTypes of Gold Mining

Quartz – r for rocks

(Large scale)

  • Machinery and technology needed to drive mines and break up rock

  • Began in Thames in 1867-1868. Used in Reefton in 1873

  • Partnerships and companies set up, with the ability to pay workers. Quartz mining’s long-term nature meant it typically led to more permanent settlement


The gold rushes of the 1860s

16

The gold rushes were part of a world-wide phenomenon, and saw the use of a range of technologiesAlluvial or Quartz?

Dillmanstown,

West Coast


Activity three alluvial vs quartz mining

17

Activity Three:Alluvial vs. Quartz Mining

Do now

Get up from your desks! Move to one of the four areas set up around the classroom. You can choose to ‘mine’ in either Thames, Marlborough, the West Coast, or Otago.

Instructions for the activity

Are on the activity sheet.


The race to find gold in new zealand attracted various races of people european miners

18

The race to find gold in New Zealand attracted various races of people European Miners


The race to find gold in new zealand attracted various races of people maori miners

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The race to find gold in New Zealand attracted various races of peopleMaori Miners

Hori Watene described gold as a ‘curse’, because it raised Pakeha interest in their lands.


The race to find gold in new zealand attracted various races of people chinese miners

20

The race to find gold in New Zealand attracted various races of peopleChinese Miners

‘Mr Punch’s Welcome’, Otago 1865


Activity four impacts of gold

21

Activity Four: Impacts of Gold

Do now

Get up from your desks! This is our last activity. Move to one of the four areas set up around the classroom. You can choose to ‘mine’ in either Thames, Marlborough, the West Coast, or Otago.

Instructions for the activity

Are on the activity sheet.


Prize winner most successful william

22

Prize Winner: Most Successful William

Do now

Total up the amount of gold nuggets you collected out of 40.

And the most successful William was…

Thank you for your concentration for this lesson!


Bibliography

23

Bibliography

Slide 4, left image: ‘Maori bargaining with a pakeha’ - Economy - TeAra Encyclopedia of New Zealand. (n.d.). TeAra Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved July 6, 2012, from http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/economy/9/2

Slide 4, right image: Trade - TREATY 2 U. (n.d.). TREATY 2U. Retrieved July 6, 2012, from http://www.treaty2u.govt.nz/maori-and-the-british/trade/index.htm

Slide 5, image: Central Otago Gold | discover New Zealand's goldmining history. (n.d.). Our Story | Central Otago, New Zealand | Explore New Zealand's most beautiful landscape. Retrieved July 6, 2012, from http://www.aworldofdifference.co.nz/central-otago-new-zealand/central-otago-gold_idl=2_idt=279_id=1344_.html

Slide 5, quote: Gold mining and sustainability: A critical reflection. (n.d.). Encyclopedia of Earth. Retrieved July 6, 2012, from http://www.eoearth.org/article/Gold_mining_and_sustainability:_A_critical_reflection

Slide 6, image: Central Otago Gold | discover New Zealand's goldmining history. (n.d.). Our Story | Central Otago, New Zealand | Explore New Zealand's most beautiful landscape. Retrieved July 10, 2012, from http://www.aworldofdifference.co.nz/central-otago-new-zealand/central-otago-gold_idl=2_idt=279_id=1344_.html

Slide 13, left image: Historic Placer Mining Technologies, The Rocker or Cradle. (n.d.). Nevada Outback Gems. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://nevada-outback-gems.com/historic_mine_tech/rocker_cradle.htm

Slide 13, right image: Prospecting for Gold. (n.d.). wut2 | Welcome to the world of adventure-Activities-News and much more . Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://wut2.com/Activities/Prospecting/prospecting_for_gold.htm


The gold rushes of the 1860s

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Slide 14, image: Dillman Town, by James Ring, ca. 1870s. Alexander Turnbull Library. 1/2-044217-F | Services to Schools. (n.d.). Services to Schools | Supporting literacy and learning. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://schools.natlib.govt.nz/culture-identity-heritage/primary-sources/gallery/free-use-gallery/dillman-town-james-ring-ca-1870s-

Slide 16, image: OurSpace. (n.d.). OurSpace. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://www.ourspace.tepapa.com/media/6747

Slide 18, images: Walrond, C. (n.d.). Miners’ origins - Gold and gold mining - TeAra Encyclopedia of New Zealand. TeAra Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/gold-and-gold-mining/9/2

Slide 19, image: Mere pounamu, Hauraki tribes - Pounamu – jade or greenstone - Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand. (n.d.). Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/pounamu-jade-or-greenstone/7/1

Slide 20, image: Mr Punch’s welcome - Gold and gold mining - TeAra Encyclopedia of New Zealand. (n.d.). TeAra Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://www.teara.govt.nz/en/gold-and-gold-mining/10/3

Chinese mining legacy: New Zealand Historic Places Trust PouhereTaonga. (n.d.). Home: New Zealand Historic Places Trust PouhereTaonga. Retrieved July 19, 2012, from http://www.historic.org.nz/en/Publications/HeritageNZMagazine/HeritageNz2003/HNZ03-RichHistory.aspx

Ethnic Minorities « Gold in New Zealand. (n.d.). Gold in New Zealand. Retrieved July 11, 2012, from http://goldminingonline.wordpress.com/ethnic-minorities/

Gardner, P. (n.d.). Gold Mining in 19th Century New Zealand. M GOLD, AGRICULTURE, PASTORALISM and TIMBER. Retrieved June 11, 2012, from http://mags13history.wikispaces.com/file/view/The+significance+of+Gold+Mining+in+New+Zealand+book.pdf

Langton, G., Taylor, B., & Hasler, J. B. (2000). Year 13 history, New Zealand in the 19th century: study guide. Auckland, N.Z.: ESA Publications.

Please note: Any image which is not referenced was obtained via the ClipArt tool from Microsoft PowerPoint


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