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Festivals around the world. Reading . Mid-Autumn Festival. National Day. Spring Festival. We need festivals/ celebrations. To memorize some victories . To celebrate harvests . Why?. To relax themselves. To celebrate the end of a year or the new year . To ….

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Reading

Festivals

around the world

Reading


Reading

Mid-Autumn Festival

National Day

Spring Festival


Reading

We need

festivals/ celebrations

To memorize some victories

To celebrate harvests

Why?

To relax themselves

To celebrate the end of a year or the new year

To …

To honor some famous but dead people


Reading

Whacky festivals

If you prefer it hot, Finland is the place for you to compete in the Sauna Bathing Championships. Every 30 seconds the heat is turned up, but the contestants must keep their naked bums firmly on the wooden seat, while remaining seated in an upright position. The last person left in the sauna is the winner.

  • Sauna Bathing Festival


Reading

Whacky festivals

Every August thousands of Spaniards take part in the La Tomatina Festival in Bunol. Truckloads of tomatoes are pulled in each year and dumped in the city centre. The people throw tomatoes at each other for the whole day, but the only rule is that the tomato must be flattened in the hand first, before being thrown. Even elderly grandmothers have been known to take part.

The La TomatinaFestival


Reading

  • Competitors stay in …with the temperature rising

  • Sauna Bathing Festival

  • August, Finland

  • It challenges people’s physical resistance

  • People throw tomatoes at each other

  • The Tomato Festival

  • August, Spain

  • It celebrates the harvest.

  • enjoy moon cakes, full moon, get together

  • Mid-Autumn Festival

  • Autumn, China

  • It celebrates the beauty, harvest…


Reading

  • The end of winter, the arrival of spring, reunion with family members

  • A reunion dinner, money in red paper, enjoy fireworks, dumplings, visit family members.

  • Jan. or Feb.

  • Spring Festival

  • Eat zongzi, watch dragon boat races, put herbs on doorways for good health.

  • The fifth day of the fifth moth in lunar calendar

  • To honor the poet Qu Yuan who died in 278 BC

  • Dragon Boat Festival

  • Oct. 1

  • National Day

  • The founding of China in 1949

  • Take time off work, travel, go shopping…


Reading

Pre-reading

What festivals or celebrations do you have in your city or town? What part of a festival do you like best– the activities, the music, the sights, the food or the people who visit?

The forth China Hangzhou Chaoshan Mountain Plum Blossom Festival


Reading

Conversations on festivals

You

Peter

from Congo

What is your favorite festival?

My favorite festival is…

When and where does it take place?

It takes place…

What does it celebrate?

It celebrates …

What do people do on that day?

We…

What part of the festival do you like best?

I …


Reading

The annual Xihu Music Festival was kicked off at Hangzhou's Taiziwan Park this weekend, boasting of an array of musical bands and stars from home and aboard.

Visitors enjoy a walk in the Xixi National Wetland Park where an annual flower festival opened yesterday and will run through May 15. Flowers in 550 varieties, 100 more than last year, are placed along a scenic causeway in the park. During the festival, weddings and performances by artists from many countries will entertain visitors.


Reading

Skimming for the main idea

  • introduces

The passage briefly __________ the ancient kinds

of ___________ with their reasons and then

__________ different kinds of festivals that

happen worldwide.

  • festivals

  • four


Reading

Kinds of

Festivals

Festivals

to Honor

People

Harvest

Festivals

Spring

Festivals

Scanning for key information

Today’s festivals have many origins, some religious, some seasonal, and some for special people or events.

Festivals ofthe Dead


Reading

Day of the

Dead

(Mexico)

Festivals of

the Dead

Obon

Halloween

(some western

countries)

(Japan)


Reading

Festivals

to Honor

People

Festival to

Honour

Gandhi

Dragon Boat

Festival

Colunbus

Day

(USA)

(China)

(India)


Reading

Thanksgiving

Day

Mid-Autumn

Festivals

(China and Japan)

(European and other countries)

Harvest

Festivals


Reading

Spring

Festivals

Spring

Festival

Cherry

Blossom

Festival

Easter and

related holidays

(China)

(some western

countries)

(Japan)


Reading

Para. 1

  • It is said that the earliest festival held worldwide is _______.

  • Why are the most famous and important festivals always religious?

  • depend on nature;

  • strong belief in nature;

  • Spring Festival in China


Reading

Festivals of the Dead

  • What are festivals of the dead usually for?

  • Festivals of the dead are for honoring or satisfying dead ancestors, who some people believe might return to help or do harm to the living people.

  • harm. Adj. — harm. Vt.

  • … or harm the living people

  • Small possibilities


Reading

Light … and play …

…lead …

Go to clean …and light …in memory of …


Reading

Eat …in the shape of …and cakes with …on them.


Reading

What things are similar?

What things are different?

Dress up…ask for…

Play a trick on…

Treat or trick


Reading

Festivals to Honor People

First they ignore you. Then they laugh at you. Then they fight you. Then you win.

…honor …/ … is in …of …

…memorize…/ …is in memory of …

Though the road of searching for truth is endless and hard, I will never give up.

You will not conquer the Pacific if you don’t have enough courage.


Reading

Harvest Festivals

  • What makes autumn festivals happy events?

  • Because people are grateful because their food is gathered for the winter and agricultural work is over.


Reading

Spring Festivals

  • What do people usually do at the Spring Festival in China?

  • They eat …, give children …, light fireworks visit …, join in…


Reading

  • What do people usually do during the Easter?

  • They join in…, dance day and night, dress up…


Reading

  • What do people usually do at the Cherry Blossom Festival in Japan?

  • They get together to …

日本人认为人生短暂,活着就要像樱花一样灿烂,即使死,也该果断离去。樱花凋落时,不污不染,很干脆,被尊为日本精神。

Cherry flowers are said to be the flower of the country.


Reading

Spring Festivals

  • What are the reasons for people to have festivals and celebrations?

  • Festivals make people enjoy their life, be proud of their customs and forget their work for a little while.


Reading

The Day of the Dead

The Dragon Boat Festival

Obon

Easter

What do they have in common?

The Spring Festival

Halloween

The Columbus Day

Cherry Blossom Festival

Mohandas Gandhi Day

Mid-Autumn Day


Reading

What do they have in common?

  • There will be a lot of entertainment.

  • People will enjoy being together with their family.

  • The festivals always remind people of some important persons or events.

Why are these things important to people all over the world?

  • These things make people’s life more meaningful and colorful.


Reading

Detailed reading

  • People would starve if food was difficult to find…

  • 1. If 引导的条件句。主将,从现。

  • She promised that she would come if the weather ____ fine.

  • She ____ come if the weather is fine.

  • 2. to find为不定式修饰形容词difficult.

    主语 系动词 表语 to do

  • 用作表语的特定形容词 easy, hard, difficult, interesting, nice, kind, important, dangerous, light, heavy…

Why not

to be found?


Reading

make

  • e.g. True friends are not easy to ________.

  • This person is _____ to ___________.

  • This problem is _____ to __________.

  • Do you think the house nice to _________?

easy

get along with

hard

solve

work out

live in


Reading

Para. 2

  • Some festivals are held to honor the dead or to satisfy

  • the ancestors, who might return either to help or do harm.

  • e.g. Mary Smith, who ______________________, finally lost the job.

  • Either…or… 就近原则

  • Either you or I _____ wrong.

quarreled with the boss

am


Reading

Para. 2

On that day

在那天

  • It is now a children’s festival, when they can dress up and go to their neighbor's homes to ask for sweets.

  • We shall never forget Aug. 31, 2012, when ____________________________________.

  • We have been in the situation when ________

  • ____________________________________.

we became a high school student

no one can save us except ourselves.


Reading

Para. 3

  • India has a national festival on Oct. 2 to honor Mohandas Gandhi, the leader who helped gain

  • India’s independence from Britain.

  • I am going to Australia, the country which/ that

  • _____________________________________.

  • I am going to Australia, the country where

  • _____________________________________.

MG的同位语

is famous for its beautiful landscape.

there are many cows and sheep.


Reading

Para. 5

  • The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring.

  • The ones 在句中为表语,指代前面的festivals,表示特指。That 引导定语从句,修饰the ones, that 在从句中作主语,不能省略。

  • Those books are the ones that/ which _____________________________________.

  • Those persons are the ones that/ which

  • _____________________________________.

belong to Bob/ you are looking for.

the ones 做宾语,关系代词可以省略!

you can well trust.


Reading

代 词 辨 析

复数名词

单数名词

单数名词

复数名词

单数名词

单数/不可数

名词

复数

名词

泛指

泛指

特指

特指

特指

具体指代上文出现的

特指


Reading

  • 1. Our car is always breaking down. But we are getting a new _____.

  • 2. The books on the desk are better than _____ under the desk.

  • 3. I have a cell phone. I like ____ very much.

  • 4. Helping others is a habit, ____ you can learn even at an early age.

  • 5. The population of Hangzhou is larger than ______ of Suzhou.

  • 6. The quality of these books are far better than_____of those books.

one

those

it

one

that

that


Reading

Para. 6

  • The country, covered with cherry tree flowers,

  • looks as through it is covered with pink snow.

  • 主语 分词短语 谓语其他部分

  • The woman, standing by the window, looks like one of my friends.

  • 1. The man, followed by some police, ____________.

  • 2. The child, ___________________________, has just recovered from a serious disease.

主语

过去分词短语 covered…作定语修饰country

谓语

was a thief

sleeping comfortably in the bed


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