MYTHOLOGY. The Myth is Born. Ethnocentrism:. Believing that one’s own ethnic/cultural group is the most important, and measuring others based on differences in language, behavior, customs, and religion.
The Myth is Born
Monotheism: “mono” means “one”; “the” is the Latin root for god; and “-ism” means “having the characteristics of”---SO monotheism is the doctrine or belief that there is only one God
Polytheism: “poly” means “multiple” (or more than one); “the” is the Latin root for god; and “-ism” means “having the characteristics of”---SO polytheism is the doctrine of or belief in more than one god, or many gods
(Myths are early ecology and science—ancient man trying to explain his world—as well as entertainment.)
According to Joseph Campbell, noted scholar, ALL MYTHS:
There is a fairly standard list of characters within myths:
Homer: Greek writer of the oldest Greek literature---from possibly 1,000 Before Christ
Hesiod: 9th or 8th century B.C. Greek writer
Homeric Hymns: dating from the 8th or 7th century B.C.
Pindar: greatest lyric poet of Greece (end of 6th century B.C.)
One reason myths recur is that people have always moved around and talked with one another, even in the days before they started writing things down. People carried myths to one another just as they brought trade goods and disease.
HOW DO MYTHS RELATE TO TODAY?