Chapter 13
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Chapter 13. Alcohol. Section 1: Why People drink. Reasons? Drinking in Moderation – causes no harm (1-2 drinks a day) Drink – ½ oz of pure ethanol 1 oz of hard liquor 10 oz of wine cooler 12 oz of beer 3-4 oz of wine Proof - % of alcohol in a beverage 100 proof is 50% alcohol.

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Chapter 13

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Chapter 13

Chapter 13

Alcohol


Section 1 why people drink

Section 1: Why People drink

  • Reasons?

  • Drinking in Moderation – causes no harm (1-2 drinks a day)

  • Drink – ½ oz of pure ethanol

    • 1 oz of hard liquor

    • 10 oz of wine cooler

    • 12 oz of beer

    • 3-4 oz of wine

  • Proof - % of alcohol in a beverage

    • 100 proof is 50% alcohol


Section 1 why people drink1

Section 1: Why People drink

  • Drinking behaviors

    • Moderate – not harming health

    • Social – could be moderate or problem drinker

    • Binge – 4+ drinks in a short period


Section 1 why people drink2

Section 1: Why People drink


Section 1 why people drink3

Section 1: Why People drink

  • Problem Drinker – (Abuser) suffers social, emotional, family, job, or other problems

  • Addict – disease of alcoholism (out of control)

  • P346 figure 13-2

  • Skills for moderation (p346, 348 inventory)


Section 2 effects

Section 2: Effects

  • Alcohol is easily moved throughout the body, so it affects all parts – from stomach/intestines to bloodstream

  • Moderate drinker

    • Liver – processes alcohol into harmless wastes, but can only handle 1 drink per hour. When drink more, you overload.

    • Depresses brain’s fine tuning behavior (talk or laugh louder)

    • Not a stimulant…appears to be because one is socially stimulated

    • Skin feels warmer

    • Lose awareness (from cerebral cortex)

    • Speech and vision affected

    • Emotions easily shown


Section 2 effects1

Section 2: Effects

  • Excessive Drinker

    • Unpredictable behaviors (fights, sexual intercourse)

    • Judgment gone

    • Muscle control

    • Respiration and heartbeat affected


Intoxication state of being poisoned alcohol is a toxin

Intoxication – state of being poisoned (alcohol is a toxin)


Section 2 effects2

Section 2: Effects

  • Hangover

    • Withdrawal signs

    • Headache, sensation in mouth, nausea

    • More serious would be tremors, delerium (confusion)

    • Congeners – ingredients in alcoholic beverages that irritate the nervous system

    • Dehydration – alcohol forces body to lose water

    • Formaldehyde – forms when body breaks down alcohol (also used in preserving dead animals


Section 2 effects3

Section 2: Effects

  • Long Term Effects

    • Liver disease, high blood pressure, lower defenses against infection

    • Fat produced from alcohol can collect in other places

    • Brain damage – vision, memory, learning ability

    • Diabetes (pancreas can stop producing insulin)

    • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – mental and or physical retardation and birth defects in newborns

    • p354


Section 3 accidents and alcohol

Section 3: Accidents and Alcohol

  • DWI

  • DUI – 0.08, 0.02 (for whom?)

  • Breathalyzer

  • Sober – free of alcohol’s effects (can be up to 24 hours


Section 3 accidents and alcohol1

Section 3: Accidents and Alcohol

  • Dealing with an intoxicated person

    • Don’t respond to emotions from alcohol

    • Do show concern

    • Do not trust their judgment (why?)

    • Take keys


Section 4 recovery

Section 4: Recovery

  • Costs of Alcoholism

    • Friendships, job, marriage, life, other’s life

    • If you start before the age of 15, you are 4x more likely to be dependent age of 21


Section 4 recovery1

Section 4: Recovery

  • Why is recovery difficult?

    • It is an addiction

    • Enabling/codependent

    • Length of time (ever “cured”?)

    • Denial, bargaining, anger, guilt, acceptance

    • Support system

      • AA, Al-Anon


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