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Using Public Policy Tools to Create Public Support for Harm Reduction Initiatives. International Center for Policy Studies Istanbul - 2004. IRF and OSI-NY have spent more than $1 mln. on public health projects since 1999: Educational programs Legal help Needle exchange programs

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Using public policy tools to create public support for harm reduction initiatives

Using Public Policy Tools to Create Public Support for Harm Reduction Initiatives

International Center for Policy Studies

Istanbul - 2004


Active role of the public health projects

IRF and OSI-NY have spent more than $1 mln. on public health projects since 1999:

Educational programs

Legal help

Needle exchange programs

Primary medical help

Counseling

Active role of the public health projects


Institutional development

Moreover, Harm reduction projects gained support for institutional development:

Network of the Harm reduction projects

Training for project’s staff

Creation of the Ukrainian Harm Reduction Association

Institutional development


Successful projects but the situation is worsening

Rate of the infection spread is growing institutional development:

The number of people LWHA is growing geometrically, the situation can become uncontrollable

Successful projects, but the situation is worsening


Lack of the policy

The main cause of this situation is lack of the clear common policy, supported (or not resisted) by all involved stakeholders

Lack of the policy


What does the lack of the policy mean

The large number of existing programs of the government, non-governmental and international organizations are not coordinated among themselves, and are aimed at different goals.

This leads to inefficient useof resources and lack of real change

What does the lack of the policy mean?


Policy change is not planned

Existing measures are important for dealing with negative consequences of the problem, but they are not planned as pressure on main stakeholders that want to keep the status-quo

Policy change is not planned


Main types of opposition to change

We can differentiate two groups of stakeholders resisting to changes:

Those who treat drug use as a crime

Those who are not interested in reducing the consumption of illegal drugs

Main types of opposition to change


The interaction with the government is missing

There is no traditions and institutions for the dialogue between the government and civil society in the post-soviet countries.

It is impossible to change the situation without this kind of dialogue,

because mostly government officials are those who treat drug use as a crime

The interaction with the government is missing


A need to attract public attention

To make changes it is necessary to focus on clear goals and to work together with the government

We need to attract public attention in order to create public pressure and to make government want to talk to civil society

A need to attract public attention


What is attracting public s attention

We need to attract the attention of major stakeholders to the problem, to make them understand the importance of the problem, and that the problem can not be ignored

We need to promote the idea that the opposition to substitutional therapy is equal to the support of illegal drugs

What is attracting public’s attention?


Using the public policy tools

In order to create public pressure, ICPS proposes to use the tools of public policy as an instrument to make significant social changes. ICPS has successful experience in cooperating with nonprofits and government in developing policies

The tool that we propose to use is policy campaign

Using the public policy tools


What is policy campaign

The policy campaign is aimed at policy change: tools of public policy as an instrument to make significant social changes. ICPS has successful experience in cooperating with nonprofits and government in developing policies

Involvement of all stakeholders into the dialogue about the policy

Informational campaign for public in general

What is policy campaign?


Policy cycle

Public policy is a technology that allows to develop and implement policies in “politically sensitive” areas, that have significant impact on citizens. This technology helps:

to develop the policy which is acceptable to main stakeholders

to explain government’s actions and create wide public support to it

Policy cycle


Policy campaign for harm reduction project

Public policy cycle is a core structure the project is built around.

The project is aimed at changing existing policies.

Policy Campaign for Harm Reduction project


About the project

The project is implemented by the Ukrainian Harm Reduction Association with the methodological and organizational support from the International Centre for Policy Studies

Project budget is $86,000.00

About the project


Project goal

Supporting the concentration of efforts and gaining public support to the implementation of Harm Reduction Strategy. Achieving sustainable changes in the areas of HIV spread prevention and drug circulation control in the interests of PLWHA, IDUs and society in general

Project goal


Idea of the project

To shift the focus from declarations about the need for policy to the practical use of public policy procedures in order to achieve policy change

Idea of the project


Anticipated changes
Anticipated changes policy to the practical use of public policy procedures in order to achieve policy change


Project s results

Mobilization of the civil society organizations in order to create public pressure on the government

Policy analysis in order to develop recommendations on implementation of the Harm Reduction strategy, involving all stakeholders into the discussion

Development of the NGO’s capacity to influence public policies in this area

Project’s results


Project s structure

Drafting policy documents: problem analysis, development of alternatives, making policy recommendations (green & white papers)

Involving all stakeholders into the discussion, organizing discussions in 10 regions

Informational campaign

Study component for regional NGO partners

Project’s structure


Project s structure1
Project’s structure alternatives, making policy recommendations (green & white papers)


Additional resources

Parliament’s Special Ad-Hoc Committee on HIV/AIDS alternatives, making policy recommendations (green & white papers)

Transatlantic Partners Against AIDS – an international organization that works directly with top-level politicians

Ukrainian Harm Reduction Association, which is represented in every region in Ukraine

Projects of the IRF, that have accumulated huge experience in implementing Harm Reduction initiatives

Additional resources


Possible ways to transfer the icps experience in using public policy procedures

Through international networks, for example, the OSI network of policy centres

Through local networks, such as UHRA

Through Twinning – the technology of institution’s learning from institution, used by the EU to build the institutions of democracy in new member states

Possible ways to transfer the ICPS experience in using public policy procedures


How to share the icps experience in using public policy procedures

It is not possible to transfer the technology through one-time events (seminar or conference)

In order to do this, network projects are needed with participation of the policy centres

ICPS is ready to take part in the learning projects to transfer the technology of organizing policy campaign

How to share the ICPS experience in using public policy procedures?


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