Prepare prediction of marital satisfaction l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 19

PREPARE: Prediction of Marital Satisfaction PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 315 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

PREPARE: Prediction of Marital Satisfaction. EMR6410, Spring ‘06 Dr. Warren Lacefield, Professor Hong Zhong, EMR Amy Gullickson, IDPE. Overview. PREPARE: Premarital Personal and Relationship Evaluation A series of tests designed to assess an engaged couple’s relationship

Download Presentation

PREPARE: Prediction of Marital Satisfaction

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Prepare prediction of marital satisfaction l.jpg

PREPARE: Prediction of Marital Satisfaction

EMR6410, Spring ‘06

Dr. Warren Lacefield, Professor

Hong Zhong, EMR

Amy Gullickson, IDPE


Overview l.jpg

Overview

  • PREPARE: Premarital Personal and Relationship Evaluation

  • A series of tests designed to assess an engaged couple’s relationship

  • Originally published in 1978

  • Revised in 1986, 1996 and 2000


Description of the instrument l.jpg

Description of the Instrument

  • 165 items

  • Assesses 20 areas of relationship quality:

    • Significant Issues for Couples (12 scales)

    • Personality Assessment (4 scales)

    • Family of Origin Map (4 scales)


Scoring l.jpg

Scoring

  • Individual scores for each spouse

  • Positive Couple Agreement (PCA) score

    • based on the couple’s level of consensus for each area of the instrument

  • Couples classified into four types


Prepare typologies l.jpg

PREPARE Typologies

  • Vitalized couples

  • Harmonious couples

  • Traditional couples

  • Conflicted couples

    (Fowers, Montel & Olson, 1996)


Typology validity l.jpg

Typology Validity

  • The study conducted by Fowers and Olson(1996) offered clear statistical support for the external validity of the premarital typology.

  • Based on survey of 393 couples who took PREPARE

    • 237 still married

    • 89 who cancelled their weddings

    • 67 couples who were separated or divorced


Slide7 l.jpg

(Fowers, Montel & Olson, 1996)


Concurrent validity l.jpg

Concurrent Validity

  • PREPARE tested in comparison to three other marital relationship scales

  • Overall correlation between tests p < .01

  • 129 combinations of scales and criterion variables tested:

    • 96 tested in the predicted direction at p < .01

    • 21 non-significant

    • 2 tested opposite of predicted at p < .01

      (Fowers & Olson, 1986)


Predictive validity two studies l.jpg

Predictive Validity: Two Studies

  • Larsen & Olson (1989) accurate predictions for Married/Satisfied and Divorced/Separated

    • individual scores 77%

    • PCA scores 84%

  • Fowers & Olson (1986) combined PCA and individual scores accurately predict:

    • 91% of couples who would divorce or separate

    • 93% of couples who would be highly satisfied


Face validity interviews l.jpg

Face Validity: Interviews

  • Four practitioners who use the instrument as part of pre-marital counseling

  • 83 administrations among them

  • Items seem appropriate to couples

  • Participants and counselors agree that PREPARE results portray couples accurately


Reliability l.jpg

Reliability

  • Internal reliability (scales) mean alpha = .73

  • Test-retest with two week interval reliability ranges from .64 to .93, mean = .78

    (Larsen & Olson, 1989)


Validity reliability as advertised l.jpg

Validity & Reliability: as advertised

  • Predictions based on validated typology classification

  • National Norms based on 500,000 couples for PREPARE

  • “PREPARE has validity in that it discriminates premarital couples that get divorced from those that are happily married with about 80-85% accuracy. Reliability is high (alpha reliability of .80 - .85).”

    (http://www.prepare-enrich.com/about_us.cfm?id=33#Evidence_for_PE)


Burows mmy report on reliability l.jpg

Burows MMY Report on Reliability

  • Internal consistency reliabilities for the subscales from .73 to .90

  • Average reliabilities for each of the tests for PREPARE is .75.

  • Test-retest reliability scores (administration interval not reported) are reported at .80.


Burows report continued l.jpg

Burows Report (continued)

  • Both the internal consistency and the test-retest reliabilities have improved from those reported by Larson et al. (1995) for a previous version (e.g., internal consistency range from .64 to .85; test-retest r = .73).

  • Unreliable items dropped for version 2000

  • Data suggest that the instrument has very good reliability for relationship scales


Advantages l.jpg

Advantages

  • High reliability, high validity and large norms(n=250,000) with couples from various ethnic groups.

  • Inventories provide the counselor with a rich array of items that reflect the many dimensions of relationships.

  • Provides the user with a good sense of the clinical and research issues.


Limitations l.jpg

Limitations

  • The applicability of these inventories to diverse family groups and family contexts is unclear.

  • Persons with lower reading levels would have some difficulty.

  • It is not designed for one person.

  • It is not designed for individuals with very severe emotional problems and with couples having intense marital conflict.

  • Reliability and predictive validity have not been tested on version 2000.


Summary l.jpg

Summary

  • Facilitate the communication in each couple about meaningful issues in their relationship.

  • Increase their awareness of their relationship strengths and growth areas.

  • Provide them with relationship skills

  • Improve their relationship.


Areas for further study l.jpg

Areas for Further Study

  • Family Adaptability and Cohesion, Evaluation Scales III (FACES III), Olson, Portner & Lavee (2002)

  • Enriching Relationship Issues, Communication and Happiness Inventory, Olson (2002)

  • Practical Application of Intimate Relationship Skills (PAIRS), Gordon (1994)

  • Marital Satisfaction Inventory (MSI), Snyder (1991)

  • Family Environment Scale (FES), Moos & Moos (1986)

  • Pre-Marriage Awareness Inventory (PAI), Velander (1978)

  • Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS), Spanier (1976)


References l.jpg

References

  • Barnett, Lindean E., Rev. Personal Interview, 4/4/06.

  • Buros Institute of Mental Measurements. Mental Measurement Yearbook (Online). SilverPlatter Information, Inc. website: http://libproxy.library.wmich.edu:2048/login?url=http://web 5.silverplatter.com/webspirs/start.ws?customer=c50469&databases=S(YB)

  • Evers, Eric, Rev. Personal Interview, 4/6/06.

  • Evers, Paige G., Rev. Personal Interview, 4/3/06.

  • Fowers, B.J., Montel, K.H., & Olson, D.H.(1996). Predicting Success For Premarital Couple Types Based on PREPARE. Journal of Marital & Family Therapy, 22 (1), 103-119.

  • Knutson, L. and Olson, D.H. (2003). Effectiveness of PREPARE Program with Premarital Couples in Community Settings. Marriage & Family: A Christian Journal, 6 (4), 529-546.

  • Larson, J.H., Holman, T.B., Klein, D.M., Busby, D. M., Stahmann, R. F., and Peterson, D. (1995). A review of comprehensive questionnaires used in premarital education and counseling. Family Relations, 44, 245-252.

  • Olson, D.H., & Olson, A.K.(1999). Prepare/Enrich Program: Version 2000. Handbook of Preventative Approaches in Couple Therapy. Pages 196-216 New York: Brunner/Mazel, Inc.

  • PREPARE/ENRICH website: http://www.prepare-enrich.com/indexm.cfm

  • Watson, David G., Rev. Email communication, 4/12/06.


  • Login