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NPAP for I.R.IRAN. By :Q. R. Miraki Head of environmental group in ministry of jahad e agriculture and Iran NC in RPAP. What do you prefer? . Country Baseline in north of Iran. So beautiful nature in north of Iran Dependence of north littoral provinces to Caspian sea

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npap for i r iran

NPAP for I.R.IRAN

By :Q. R. Miraki

Head of environmental group in ministry of jahad e agriculture and Iran NC in RPAP

country baseline in north of iran
Country Baseline in north of Iran
  • So beautiful nature in north of Iran
  • Dependence of north littoral provinces to Caspian sea
  • Gilan, Mazandaran and Golestan are provinces in north of Iran
  • 10% of Iran population habitant in north littoral provinces
  • Higher population ratio of villages
  • Oil is Main economic sector in Iran, but agriculture is economical activity in north littoral provinces
environmental problem
Environmental problem
  • Waste management problems
    • Lack of sanitary disposal land
    • Urban waste water treatment plant
    • Rural waste water treatment plant
    • High level of Under ground water
environmental problem6
Environmental problem
  • Pesticide and stockpile:

POPs pesticide in Iran are forbidden use from 1976, so there are 6 stockpile in bad condition in Gilan, Golestan and Mazandaran

Aldrine, Dieldrine, DDT, Endrine are in stockpiles as below:

Gilan 770Kg/Lit, Mazandaran 1720 Kg/Lit, Golestan 7332Kg/Lit

And about 1800 ton contaminant soil in storage

environmental problem7
Environmental problem
  • Expired pesticides

In 6 storage related to agriculture organization in Gilan 27715 Lit/Kg, in Mazandaran12592Lit/Kg, Golestan 15749Lit/Kg

All of those need to incinerations

environmental problem8
Environmental problem
  • PCB in three north littoral provinces

Transformer and capacitor contain the PCB are below:

Gilan 92 transformers 34690 Lit

Mazandaran 78 transformers 33800 Lit

Golestan 7 transformers 3250 Lit

environmental problem9
Environmental problem
  • Landfill and burning

Dioxin and Furans as total emission are below:

Gilan 111,992,384(micro gr TEQ/yr)

Mazandaran 127,810,369(micro gr TEQ/yr)

Golestan 31,748,523 (micro gr TEQ/yr)

environmental problem10
Environmental problem
  • Industries in north of Iran

Metal, basic metal, food industry, wood and paper industry and mineral are category of industry in Iran

Gilan330, Mazandaran901 and Golestan109

Many of those located in industrial township

Only a few of those are in large scale

environmental problem11
Environmental problem
  • Mine activity

Active mine in north littoral provinces are 48, Gilan 19, Mazandaran 38 and Golestan 11

Raining is very high in three littoral provinces and wash the remain of mine stone and heavy metals and release to waterbed

environmental problem12
Environmental problem
  • Ship and shipping

There have 7 port in Iran side of Caspian sea

Release the fuel from the small boat

Dredging material

Ship waste and rubbish

priority contaminants of activity
Priority contaminants of activity
  • Agriculture activity
  • Urban and rural waste/waste water
  • Mine activity
  • Industrial activity
  • Port and shipping activity
what we can do
What we can do?
  • Pesticide :

Public awareness

Control the contraband of POPs pesticide

Penalty for POPs users

Incineration of POPs pesticide and expierd

IPM for reduce use of pesticide

Organic farming

what we can do15
What we can do?
  • Waste/ waste water treatment:

Designing sanitary land fill for disposal of industrial and hygienic waste in each of provinces

Designing and construction waste water treatment plant for all of cities

Recommended to uses of anaerobic purification septic tank to all of rural houses and reuse the waters

Designing and construction compost plan in 50 place of three provinces for reusing the urban and rural waste (in small and large scale)

Construction for control the latex and treatment of it in each of disposal land

what we can do16
What we can do?
  • Mine activity

In mine activity Iran have to close some ancient company

Designing and construction the lagoon for control water washing runoff to the water bed

Activity with EMS plan under controlling the DOE province sector

what we can do17
What we can do?
  • Industrial activity

Designing and construction waste water treatment plant for all of industrial township

Penalty for polluter by industrial waste

EMS for all of industries under controlling the DOE province branch

what we can do18
What we can do?
  • Port and shipping activity

Awareness and guideline for fueling in small boat

Extend the IMO convention to Caspian sea

Preparing the EIA for all of dredging activity as the cabint approved

Preparing the EIA before all of construction in sea bed

Construction reception facility at least in Anzali and Amirabad port

Install the segregate tank to all of tankers

regional activity
Regional activity
  • Extend the IMO convention to the Caspian sea
  • Install a POPs incinerator in one of the country
  • Preparing the monitoring database
especial thanks
Especial thanks
  • My dear colleagues
ad