Why do we need government
Download
1 / 17

Why do we need Government? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 219 Views
  • Uploaded on

Why do we need Government?. What would our world be like without government?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Why do we need Government?' - tymon


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

What would our world be like without government
What would our world be like without government?

  • Thomas Hobbes said life without government would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Humans naturally compete for territory, resources and power. If this is true, and if there are no laws… what would result?


What would our world be like without government1
What would our world be like without government?

  • Thomas Hobbes said life without government would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Humans naturally compete for territory, resources and power. If this is true, and if there are no laws… what would result?


What would our world be like without government2
What would our world be like without government?

  • Thomas Hobbes said life without government would be “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Humans naturally compete for territory, resources and power. If this is true, and if there are no laws… what would result?


Government
Government:

the ruling authority of a community, an organization that has the power to make and enforce laws.


Functions of government
Functions of Government

  • Keep Order

    • Pass and enforce laws, Establish courts


Functions of government1
Functions of Government

  • Provide services

    • Schools, libraries, hospitals, parks, water, fire/police departments


Functions of government2
Functions of Government

  • Provide security

    • Prevent crime, protect citizens from foreign attack


Functions of government3
Functions of Government

  • Guide the community

    • Manage the economy, foreign relations


Foundations of american government
Foundations of American Government:

  • John Locke – English philosopher, wrote Second Treatise of Government

    • Main purpose of government is to protect people’s natural rights

    • Natural Rights: right you have because you are human

      • LIFE, LIBERTY, PROPERTY

    • No Absolute Power for Kings


  • State of Nature – situation without laws and government

  • Social Contract Theory = solution to a state of nature

  • People agree to give up some freedom and create a government to rule in exchange for protection and security. In this agreement people consent to obey the laws created by the government.

    “the consent of the governed”


Foundations of american government1
Foundations of American Government:

  • Republic – example Rome

    • Republic –the people’s representatives administer the government, allowing it to be extended over a much largerarea.


Foundations of american government2
Foundations of American Government:

  • 3. Democracy – example Greece

    • Democracy– the authority of government rests with the people.

      US is a representative democracy – citizens choose a smaller group to represent them

      US is NOT a direct democracy – citizens vote on every issue (ex. New England town mtgs.)


Foundations of american government3
Foundations of American Government:

  • Montesquieu – a French philosopher

    • Powers of Gov’t should be separated

    • Power should be balanced

      Each branch should check the others to ensure no one branch is too powerful




  • ** FEDERALISM – the principle of one central government and several state or local governments.


ad