Barriers for men in nursing education and nursing practice
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Barriers for Men In Nursing Education and Nursing Practice. David Hudson, MSN, RN. Synopsis of Barriers. Gender Stereotypes Feminist Perspective of Nursing Workplace Relationships Intimacy. Lack of Role Models Perception of Lower Salary Discrimination Communication Differences.

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Barriers for Men In Nursing Education and Nursing Practice

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Barriers for men in nursing education and nursing practice

Barriers for Men In Nursing Education and Nursing Practice

David Hudson, MSN, RN


Synopsis of barriers

Synopsis of Barriers

  • Gender

  • Stereotypes

  • Feminist Perspective of Nursing

  • Workplace Relationships

  • Intimacy

  • Lack of Role Models

  • Perception of Lower Salary

  • Discrimination

  • Communication Differences


Hodes 2005

Hodes (2005)

  • Stereotyping is top barrier to choosing nursing as a career

  • Nursing viewed as a “female” profession

  • Lack of role models

  • Lack of guidance during high school


Hodes cont

Hodes (cont.)

  • Students experienced difficulties with education; minority gender

  • Viewed as “muscle” by female colleagues

  • Communication issues and problems with female colleagues


Hodes cont1

Hodes (cont.)

  • Misrepresentation

    1-Male nurses are gay

    2-Nursing is a female profession

    3-Men are not caring

  • Men are dissuaded from becoming nurses


Harding 2007

Harding (2007)

  • Persistent stereotype of the gay male nurse

  • Actual meeting of homophobia

  • Protection of heterosexuality by heterosexual male nurses


Harding cont

Harding (cont.)

  • Study reported that the majority of nurses (men) identified as heterosexual

  • Public view is that most male nurses are homosexual


O lynn 2007

O’Lynn (2007)

  • Gender itself is a barrier

  • People shape gendered constructions to be congruent with shared gender meanings and these constructions are considered to be normal

  • Feminine paradigm in nursing education


O lynn cont

O’Lynn (cont.)

  • Lack of role models

  • Isolation

  • Gender biased language

  • Differential treatment

  • Different communication styles

  • Issues with touch and caring


James cinelli 2003

James & Cinelli (2003)

  • Men and women communicate differently

    -Inconsistent verbal/non-verbal messages

    -Personal bias

    -Distraction

    -Age

    -Culture


Beamer varner 2008

Beamer & Varner (2008)

  • Speech patterns

  • Men tend to interrupt more frequently

  • Men are more direct in the delivery of the message


Evans 1997

Evans (1997)

  • Stereotypical female traits

    -Nurturing

    -Caring

    -Dependence

    -Submission

  • Stereotypical male traits

    -Strength

    -Aggression

    -Dominance

    -Self-control

    -Objectivity


Evans cont

Evans (cont.)

  • Masculine/feminine traits and roles are incompatible

  • Men in “power roles”

  • “so long as men in nursing feel a need to separate them from women, they will continue to designate certain issues to be feminine and will continue to need certain activities for “men only.”


O lynn 20071

O’Lynn (2007)

  • Men in nursing education programs feel uncomfortable with touch and the concept of caring

  • Students feel angry with faculty for not addressing these issues and concerns


Duffin 2006

Duffin (2006)

  • Men in nursing feel isolated

  • Feel embarrassed because they are not trained to provide intimate care for female clients

  • Develop strategies to “blot out gender”; focus on the task not the person


Burton misener 2007

Burton & Misener (2007)

  • Media portrayal of nurses perpetuates stereotypes

  • Nurses in the media portrayed as female

  • Those portrayed as male have negative stereotype

  • Physician “wanna be”; failed medical school

  • Portrayed as gay or effeminate


Kelly shoemaker steele 1996

Kelly, Shoemaker & Steele (1996)

  • Nursing is feminine profession

  • Isolation

  • Self-doubt

  • Poor guidance in high school

  • Being a nurse perceived as “unmanly”

  • 1/3 of men questioned about their sexuality


Porter o grady 2007

Porter-O’Grady (2007)

  • “Reverse discrimination” within nursing leadership

  • Subordinate to physicians

  • 2nd class

  • Salary disparity between nursing & other professions


Brady serrod 2003

Brady & Serrod (2003)

Some male nursing students have come to believe that nursing is a new way of thinking in that they must not only learn to think and practice like a nurse, they must also learn to think and practice or act like women.


Ellis meeker hyde 2006

Ellis, Meeker & Hyde (2006)

  • Very few role models

  • Perceived as lazy and underachievers

  • Do not have intelligence to attend medical school

  • Assumption of homosexuality

  • Considered to be Power Hungry


References

References

Beamer, L. and Varner, I. (2008). The Role of Language in Intercultural Business

Communication. Intercultural Communication: In the Global Workplace. 4th Ed.

McGraw-Hill: Boston.

Bell-Scriber, M. (2008). Warming the nursing education climate for traditional-age

learners who are male. Nursing Education Research. 29(3). pp. 143-150.

Brady, M, and Sherrod, D. (2003). Retaining men in nursing programs designed for women.

Faculty Forum. 42(4). pp. 159-162.

Duffin, C. (2006). Lack of Training in Intimate Care Adds to Male Nurses’ Isolation. Nursing

Standard. 20(52). p. 10.

Ellis, D.M., Meeker, B., and Hyde B. (2006). Exploring men’s perceived educational

experiences in a baccalaureate program. Research Briefs. 45(12). pp. 523-526.

Evans, J. (1997). Men in Nursing: Issues of Gender Segregation and Hidden Advantage.

Journal of Advanced Nursing. 26. Pp. 226-231.


References1

References

Evans, J. (2002). Cautious Caregivers: Gender Stereotypes and the Sexualization of Men Nurses’

Touch. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 40(4). Pp. 441-448.

Genua, J., (2005). The vision of male nurses: Roles, barriers and stereotypes. Interactions.

pp. 4-7.

Harding, T. (2007). The Construction of Men Who are Nurses as Gay. Journal of Advanced

Nursing. August, 2007. pp. 639-641.

Hodes, B. (2005). Men in Nursing Study. Bernard Hodes Group.

James, T. and Cinelli, B. (2003). Exploring Gender-Based Communication Styles. Journal of

School Health. 73(1). pp. 41-42.

Kelly, N., Shoemaker, M., and Steele, T. (1996). The experience of being a male student nurse.

Journal of Nursing Education. 35(4). pp. 170-174.

Nero, C. (2004). Black Queer Identity, Imaginative Rationality, and the Language of Home.

Our Voices: Essays in Culture, Ethnicity, and Communication. (4th Ed.). Roxbury

Publishing Company: Los Angeles, California.

O’Lynn, C. (2004). Gender-based barriers for male students in nursing education programs:

Prevalence and perceived importance. Journal of Nursing Education. 43(5). pp. 229-236.

O’Lynn, C. (2007). Gender-based barriers for male students in nursing education programs.

Men in Nursing: History, Challenges and Opportunities. pp. 169-187. Springer

Publishing: New York.


Referneces

Referneces

O’Lynn, C. (2007). History of Men in Nursing: A Review. Men in Nursing: History

Challenges and Opportunities. pp. 5-41. Springer Publishing: New York.

Porter-O’Grady, T. (2007). Reverse Discrimination in Nursing Leadership: Hitting the

Concrete Ceiling. Men in Nursing: History, Challenges and Opportunities. pp. 143-

151. Springer Publishing: New York.

Yoshimura, C. and Hayden, S. (2007). The Effects of Gender on Communication and

Workplace Relations. Men in Nursing: History, Challenges and Opportunities.

pp. 103-120. Springer Publishing: New York


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