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American History Chapter 7.2. The War Expands Mr. Owen’s Social Studies. French Aid. French was a secret *ally for the Americans Did not want to be full ally until America proved it could win a conventional battle Ally = a country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal.

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american history chapter 7 2

American HistoryChapter 7.2

The War Expands

Mr. Owen’s Social Studies

french aid
French Aid
  • French was a secret *ally for the Americans
  • Did not want to be full ally until America proved it could win a conventional battle
  • Ally = a country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal
turning point
Turning Point
  • After the Battle of _____________, King Louis XVI of France publicly recognized America’s independence (1776)
military help
Military Help
  • Know as the “soldier’s friend,” _______________ was a French aristocrat that was given command of an army division.
  • Persuaded French king to send a 6,000 man army to America
  • Became an American, and French hero
spanish aid
Spanish Aid
  • After French, Spanish step in and capture Natchez and Baton Rouge
  • Prevented Britain from attacking from Southwest colonies.
significance of france spain
Significance of France/Spain
  • By entering the war, France and Spain forced the British to fight different enemies by land and sea
valley forge
Valley Forge
  • Washington’s forces were driven out of Philadelphia and spent the Winter (1777-1778) in Valley Forge
  • Over ¼ died from malnutrition, exposure, or diseases
wilderness road
Wilderness Road
  • Trail helped built by Daniel Boone that opened the area between the Appalachians and Mississippi River to settlement
  • Kentuckian __________________ formed an army to capture British outposts on Western Frontier
    • Captured Kaskaskia without a fight
    • Also captured Fort Sackville
war by sea
War by sea
  • By 1777, Britain had over 200 warships off American coast
  • America commissioned over 1,000 _______________ (privately owned ship that has been granted permission by wartime government to attack enemy)
john paul jones
John Paul Jones
  • Took ships across ocean to Britain to fight
  • Commander of the Bohhomme Richard
  • Met the Serapis and locked for 3 ½ hour battle
  • “I have not yet begun to fight!”
    • Famous Navy Slogan
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Aid from Foreign allies was critical
  • Strategy of creating multiple fronts to war
  • This war will be won on land
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